Baddha Konasana (Sanskrit: बद्धकोणासन; IAST: baddhakoṇāsana), Bound Angle Pose, Throne Pose, Butterfly Pose, or Cobbler's Pose (after the typical sitting position of Indian cobblers when they work), and historically called Bhadrasana, is a seated asana in hatha yoga and modern yoga as exercise. It is suitable as a meditation seat.
Etymology and origins
The name Baddha Konasana is relatively recent, but the pose is medieval, as the meditation seat Bhadrasana (from भद्रा Bhadra, "throne") is described in the 15th century Haṭha Yoga Pradīpikā 1.53-54.
From sitting position with both the legs outstretched forward, hands by the sides, palms resting on the ground, fingers together pointing forward, the legs are hinged at the knees so the soles of the feet meet. The legs are grasped at the ankles and folded more until the heels reach the perineum. The knees move down to the ground, and with practice reach there; the body is erect and the gaze in front. The asana is held before coming back to the starting position. The thighs are stretched with care. When used for meditation, the hands are placed in Anjali mudra (prayer position) in front of the chest.
It is a strong groin- and hip-opener and one of the few asanas that can be practiced comfortably soon after eating, except for the forward-bending variation with the head on the floor. It is noted in Light on Yoga, citing Grantly Dick Reed's Childbirth Without Fear, that the pose is beneficial to pregnant women, as regular practice reduces pain during delivery. If there is a groin or knee injury, the knees must be supported on folded blankets.
A common variant is Supta Baddha Koṇasana, Cobbler's Pose in Lying Position, from सुप्त, supta, meaning "supine" or "reclining".
In pregnancy, the pose can be practised reclining as "Wall Butterfly", with the buttocks and feet against a wall, feet together, the knees falling to the sides. The hands can be used to press the knees.
Tarasana, Star Pose, has the body leaning forwards over the clasped feet.
With the thighs supported on folded blankets, 10-pound sandbags may be placed on the inner thigh (near the groin) to assist the stretch.
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