Bhadravati, Karnataka

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Bhadravati
ಭದ್ರಾವತಿ
Steel Town
City
Iron City.JPG
Nickname(s): Benkipura or City of Fire
Bhadravati is located in Karnataka
Bhadravati
Bhadravati
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 13°50′24″N 75°42′07″E / 13.840°N 75.702°E / 13.840; 75.702Coordinates: 13°50′24″N 75°42′07″E / 13.840°N 75.702°E / 13.840; 75.702
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Shimoga
Founded by Sir M Vishweshwarayya
Area[1]
 • Total 67.0536 km2 (25.8895 sq mi)
Elevation 597 m (1,959 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 151,102
 • Density 2,300/km2 (5,800/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada,
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 577301, 577302
Telephone code +91-8282
ISO 3166 code IN-KA
Vehicle registration KA-14
Sex ratio 1.04 /
Literacy 73.9%
Distance from Bangalore 255 kilometres (158 mi) NW
Distance from Shimoga 20 kilometres (12 mi) E
Climate Tropical savanna climate (Köppen)
Precipitation 950 millimetres (37 in)
Avg. summer temperature 31 °C (88 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 25 °C (77 °F)
Website bhadravathicity.gov.in

Bhadravati is an industrial city and taluk in the Shimoga District of Karnataka state, India It is situated at a distance of about 255 kilometres (158 mi) from the state capital Bengaluru and at about 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the district headquarters, Shimoga.[2] The town is spread over an area of 67.0536 square kilometres (25.8895 sq mi) and has a population of 151,102 as per the census held in 2011.[3]

History[edit]

Bhadravati derives its name from the Bhadra River which flows through the city. It was earlier known as Benkipura[2] (or Venkipura), and earlier Benki Pattana which in English means city of fire. Iron ore from the hill station of Kemmannugundi and water from the Bhadra River helped the establishment of an iron mill in 1918 and a paper mill in 1936. Hoysalas ruled the city. The Goddess "Halldhammadevi & Antargattamadevi" guard the city from past time. The sacred temples are still present in the city.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Based on the 2011 Indian census, Bhadravati has a population of 151,102, of which male and female are 75,009 and 76,093 respectively. Bhadravati has an average literacy rate of 86.36%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 91.39% of the males and 81.46% of the females literate.[4] 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.[5]Kannada is the main language spoken in this city.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Bhadravati lies in the central part of the Karnataka State, in the south-east corner of the Shimoga district. The latitude and longitude coordinates of Bhadravati town are 13°50′24″N 75°42′07″E / 13.840°N 75.702°E / 13.840; 75.702 (Bhadravati).[6]

Bhadravati is at an altitude of 597 metres (1,959 ft) above sea level.

The Bhadra River flows through the city, then flows into the Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary south of the city.

The Bhadravati Taluk has a total area of 675.08 square kilometres (260.65 sq mi), a population of 338,611, and a population density of 501.56 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,299.0/sq mi). The taluk borders five other taluks, the Shimoga Taluk to the west, the Honnali Taluk to the north, the Channagiri Taluk to the east, the Tarikere Taluk to the south-east, and the Narasimharajapura Taluk to the south-west.[7]

Climate[edit]

The average temperature in the summer is between 25 °C (77 °F) and 37 °C (99 °F). The average winter temperature is between 20 °C (68 °F) and 30 °C (86 °F).[8] The annual precipitation in the city is around 950 millimetres (37 in).[9]

Road map highlighting NH-206

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Regional[edit]

There are 5 hobli headquarters in Bhadravathi

  • Kudligere
  • Holehonnuru
  • Anaveri
  • Hiruyur
  • Singanamane

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Two national highways pass through the city: NH-206 and NH-13; the two highways converge for a short length starting in Bhadravati and ending in Shimoga. Two state highways pass through the city as well. Buses that go from Bangalore to Shimoga stop at Bhadravati and take around six hours to complete the journey.

Rail[edit]

The ShimogaBangalore train, the BirurShimoga train, and the MysoreShimoga train all go through Bhadravati.It is well connected by rail to the bengaluru city.[10]

Air[edit]

The airport is under construction. The nearest airport is in Hubli, around 170 kilometres (110 mi) from Bhadravati. Another airport is under construction in Shimoga near Sogane.[11]

Economy[edit]

Bhadravati has two major factories that take up a large part of the city:[6] the Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Plant factory, started by Sir M. Visvesvarayya, and the Mysore Paper Mills factory.

Education[edit]

Bhadravathi is also a major education centre of the Shimoga district. Notable schools in Bhadravathi include: Sri Sathya Sai Academy of Integrated Education, Poornaprajna Education Centre, St. Charles, SAV High School, St. Joseph's school, Little Flower English School, Paper Town High School. The town is also home to Discussion Class (DC) which conducts unique informal classes to facilitate discussion and knowledge sharing among high-school and college students.[12]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Temples[edit]

Lakshmi Narasimha temple, 13th century Hoysala architecture
  • The Lakshmi Narasimha temple: This temple was built by the Veera Narasimha, The Grand Son of Vishnuvardhana belonging to Hoysala Dynasty in the 13th Century A.D. The temple has idols of Lord Srikrishna, Lord Purushottama, Lord Ganesha, Goddess Sharadamba along with lord Narasimha. Temple is built on a star shaped platform.
  • Halladammadevi Temple is situated in heart of the city. This is the largest and modern temple in Malnad region.
  • Jain Temple is also popular present near NST road.
  • Largest Shiva Idol is Established near Lower Huttha recently.
  • Sri Ranagatha Temple called Gudhe Ranganatha Honneguda near Bharadravati towards BR project
  • Shree Chandika Durga Temple, Lower Huttha, is a popular temple located on the banks of river Bhadra. [Gondhi, Sunnadahalli, Kudli Mutt near Bhadravati A sharada peetha by Shankara Charya & Shankar-Sharada math are other sacred place built along the banks of River Bhadra.]
  • Shree Rameshwara and subrmaneswara temple, Old town, is located on the banks of river bhadra,which was temple was built in the year 1910.
  • A Shiva Temple which has been there for more than 80 years opp. Reliance Bunk is noted to have been there installed which is famous for the Shivratri that is performed here.
  • Sri Sathya Sai Baba Mandir, & Sri Shiva Sai Krupa Dhama at Newtown are the popular places to visit and take part in the Pooja's and Bhajans that take place on every Thursdays & Fridays....

Wildlife sanctuaries[edit]

  • Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary was started in 1951 as the Jagara Valley Wildlife Sanctuary covering an area of 77.45 square miles (200.6 km2). In 1972, adjacent land was added to the sanctuary, bringing the total area to 492.46 square kilometres (190.14 sq mi). The reserve was renamed in 1974 to its current name.[13]

Rivers and Dams[edit]

Bhadra Reservoir
Bhadra River Project Dam across Bhadra river

* Bhadra River Project Dam is a dam south of the city.

Bhadravati-Shimoga Twin Cities[edit]

For 20 years now there has been a plan to develop Shimoga and Bhadravati as twin cities and to establish a Shimoga-Bhadravati Mahanagara Palike for this purpose. Shimoga is the headquarters of the district but the major industries such as VISL, MPM and AIR are situated in Bhadravati. Bhadravati is just 20 km from Shimoga and a new four lane road constructed between them has reduced the time of commute to only 15 minutes. Both cities are well connected to the rest of India. Around 200 buses ply daily between Shimoga and Bhadravati to cater to the workers resident in Shimoga and working in Bhadravati. Town service buses are present in both the cities, coloured green in Shimoga and blue in Bhadravati. The Shimoga airport and a Bhadravati FM station are expected to come up in the future. Many IT and biotechnology parks have been established in the Bhadravati-Shimoga Industrial area (Machennali).

Radio[edit]

A radio station belonging to All India Radio is located in Bhadravati.[14] It broadcasts radio programs via medium wave signals at 675 kHz (wavelength distance: 444.4 metres (1,458 ft)).[15] and FM signals at 103.5 MHz. This is the only Radio station in Malnad region which covers radio for Shimogga,Davangere and Chickmanglur districts.

Sports[edit]

Vishveshwarayya Iron & Steel Plant Ground is located in Bhadravati. The stadium was built in 1960 and can hold 25,000 spectators. The ground has played host to Ranji trophy cricket matches on two occasions for home team Karnataka.[16]

M.S Sudhamani, Ex President of CMC Bhadravathi

  • Doddanna, actor who worked at Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Limited
  • Gundappa Viswanath, cricketer of the Indian cricket team in the 1970s
  • S. Narayan, actor and director
  • Sudhirkumar, Weightlifter and won bronze medal in commonwealth games 2002, 2006 and 2010
  • Shoqth Ali, Body Bulider, "MR Karnataka"
  • Asha Bhat, model and beauty pageant winner
  • Gregory Aracle, Freedom Fighter, Communist, 1978
  • Paulin Lucia, Freedom Fighter, Senior Congress Leader
  • Padmanabha Bhat, PMP certified project manager

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bhadravathi City Statistics". Bhadravathi City Municipal Council. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  2. ^ a b c "Tourism". Bhadravati City Municipal Council. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 2014-01-28. 
  4. ^ "Bhadravati City Population Census 2011 | Karnataka". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  6. ^ a b Google. "Bhadravati" (Map). Google Maps. Google. 
  7. ^ Census of India 2001 (Map) (2001 ed.). Atlas of India. Cartography by Geoclip. Anne-Claire Couïc, Christophe Guilmoto, and Sébastien Oliveau. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  8. ^ "Bhadravati City Municipal Council". Bhadravati City Municipal Council. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  9. ^ International Water Management Institute; Sakthivadivel, R.; Thiruvengadachari, S.; Amarasinghe, Upali A. (1999). "Modernization using the structured system design of the Bhadra Reservoir Project, India: an intervention analysis" (PDF). IWMI Research Report. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (33): 6. doi:10.3910/2009.040. ISBN 92-9090-385-6. ISSN 1026-0862. Retrieved 2010-08-01. normal annual rainfall of 950 mm in Bhadravati 
  10. ^ "BHADRAVATI, BDVT". Train Running Information. Indian Railways. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  11. ^ "Airport work to begin on May 15 - The Times of India". Retrieved 20 September 2016. 
  12. ^ "Students discover their latent talent at GK's unique finishing school | B.R. Srikanth | Oct 04,1999". www.outlookindia.com. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  13. ^ "Bhadra Tiger Reserve". Project Tiger Reserves in India. National Tiger Conservation Authority. Archived from the original on 6 January 2011. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  14. ^ All India Radio. "Bhadrawati". Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  15. ^ All India Radio. "SOUTH REGION Service". Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  16. ^ Cricinfo. "Vishvesharayya Iron & Steel Ltd Ground". Retrieved 2010-08-01. 

or, State Institute for Urban Development, ATI Campus, lalitha Mahal Road, Mysore is also from Bhadravati

External links[edit]