Bhadreshwar Jain Temple

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Bhadreshwar Jain Temple
Kutch Bhadreshwar Jain Temple.jpg
Vasai Jain Temple
Religion
AffiliationJainism
DeityAjitnath
FestivalsMahavir Jayanti
Location
LocationBhadresar, Kutch district, Gujarat, India
Bhadreshwar Jain Temple is located in Gujarat
Bhadreshwar Jain Temple
Location within Gujarat
Geographic coordinates22°54′42.1″N 69°54′14″E / 22.911694°N 69.90389°E / 22.911694; 69.90389Coordinates: 22°54′42.1″N 69°54′14″E / 22.911694°N 69.90389°E / 22.911694; 69.90389
Temple(s)1

Bhadreshwar Jain Temple, also known as Vasai Jain Temple, is a Jain temple of historical importance located in Bhadreshwar village of Mundra Taluka, Kutch, Gujarat, India.[1][2]

History[edit]

It is believed to be one of the oldest Jain temples in India, although they have been renovated and rehabilitated from time to time.[2] The temple is said to be first renovated by King Sidhsen of Bhadrawati in 449 B.C. .[3][4] It is said a Jain layman named Devchandra laid the foundation stone of this temple centuries ago. In year 1125, the temple was renovated extensively by Jagdusha.[5][6] The temples have been destroyed many times due to natural calamities like earthquakes and the chronicles of Mistris of Kutch, mention that they were the architects and artisans, who renovated temples during the earthquakes of 1819, 1844–45 and 1875.[7][8][9][10]

In former temple, the lower part was considered the oldest in age, perhaps about 1170. The temple complex was expanded with the corridors, then the outer wings, then the shrine, and last of all the porch.[6] The temple complex was again completely devastated in earthquake of 26 January 2001, however, it has now been completely rebuilt to as many of the old shrines were destroyed to the extent that it could not be rehabilitated.[10][11][12][13][14]pikino

Architecture[edit]

The general plan is like that of the Dilwara Temples on mount Abu. It stands in a court about 48 feet wide by 85 long, surrounded by a row of forty-four shrines with a corridor in front. The temple stands in a courtyard, which, from the line of the temple front, is covered by three pillared domes. The temple, facing the east, is entered by a flight of steps that rise from the outer door to the covered area in front of the sanctuary. Over the porch is another large dome covering an area separated by a low screen wall from the area of the entrance hall, mandap, between it and the front of the temple itself. At the south-west corner and behind the cells on the left side is a row of chambers with cellars entered by lifting up flagstones in the floor. In the shrine are three white marble images. The central image is Ajitnath, the second of the Tirthankars, with the date 622 probably for Samvat 1622 or AD 1565. On his right is Parshwanath with the snake hood marked 1175 (Samvat 1232), and on his left Santinath, the 16th Tirthankar, also marked 1175 (Samvat 1232) . On the extreme right is the image of the black or Shamla Parshwanath.[6][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CSE analyses: EIA report of thermal power project, Bhadreshwar, Kutch, Gujarat". Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Bhadreshwar". Gujarat Tourism, Government of Gujatat. Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 October 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ http://travel.india.com/kutch/places-to-visit/temples-bhadreshwar-jain-temple/
  5. ^ "Gujarat Guide : Kutch". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  6. ^ a b c Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Cutch, Palanpur, and Mahi Kantha (Public Domain text). Printed at the Government Central Press. 1880. pp. 213–215.
  7. ^ Kadia Kashtriya Itihas. Published in 1896.
  8. ^ Nanji Bapa ni Nondh-pothi Gujarati book,1999 Vadodara. It is a diary of Railway Contracts done by KGK community noted by Nanji Govindji Tank. This book was given Aank Sidhhi award by Kutch Shakti at Mumbai in year 2000. The book has year wise details of Railway lines built by Mistris of Kutch and has a section with photos on Historical Monuments & Architects built by Mistris of Kutch.
  9. ^ Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya Samaj : A brief History & Glory : by Raja Pawan Jethwa. (2007) Calcutta.
  10. ^ a b c James Burgess (1876). Report on the Antiquities of Kutch & Kathiawar: Being the Result of the Second Season's Operations of the Archaeological Survey of Western India, 1874-1875. London: India Museum. pp. 205–210. Archived from the original on 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  11. ^ Newly Built Bhadreshwar Jain Tirth , Kutch
  12. ^ Vasai Jain Tirth, Bhadreswar
  13. ^ Photo of old Bhadreshwar Jain Temple Old Jain Temple, with rubble of structure destroyed in earthquake, which can be seen.
  14. ^ "53 Jinalaya Temple of Bhadreshwar Tirth (Construction)". Archived from the original on 24 June 2010. Retrieved 19 September 2016.