Bhadreswar, Hooghly

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Bhadreswar
Kolkata Metropolitan Region
Bhadreswar is located in West Bengal
Bhadreswar
Bhadreswar
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°49′N 88°21′E / 22.82°N 88.35°E / 22.82; 88.35Coordinates: 22°49′N 88°21′E / 22.82°N 88.35°E / 22.82; 88.35
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictHooghly
RegionGreater Kolkata
Government
 • TypeRepresentative Democracy
 • BodyBhadreswar Municipality
Area
 • Total8.28 km2 (3.20 sq mi)
Elevation
2 m (7 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total101,477
 • Density12,000/km2 (32,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
712124
Lok Sabha constituencyHooghly
Vidhan Sabha constituencyChandannagar

Bhadreswar /bəˈdrɛswər/ is a city and a municipality in Hooghly district in the state of West Bengal, India. It has a police station in Chandannagore subdivision.[1] It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).[2]

Geography[edit]

Cities and towns in the Chandannagore subdivision and Polba Dadpur and Dhaniakhali CD Blocks of Chinsurah subdivision in Hooghly district
M: municipal corporation/ municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre,
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location[edit]

Bhadreswar is located at 22°49′N 88°21′E / 22.82°N 88.35°E / 22.82; 88.35. It has an average elevation of 2 metres (6 feet).It is situated by the River Hooghly.It is one of the beautiful places in Hooghly district.

Police station[edit]

Bhadreswar police station has jurisdiction over Bhadreswar and Champdani municipal areas and parts of Singur CD Block.[3][4]

Urbanisation[edit]

In Chandannagore subdivision 58.52% of the population is rural and the urban population is 41.48%. Chandannagore subdivision has 1 municipal corporation, 3 municipalities and 7 census towns. The single municipal corporation is Chandernagore Municipal Corporation. The municipalities are Tarakeswar Municipality, Bhadreswar Municipality and Champdany Municipality.[5]Of the three CD Blocks in Chandannagore subdivision, Tarakeswar CD Block is wholly rural, Haripal CD Block is predominantly rural with just 1 census town, and Singur CD Block is slightly less rural with 6 census towns. Polba Dadpur and Dhaniakhali CD Blocks of Chinsurah subdivision (included in the map alongside) are wholly rural.[6]The municipal areas are industrialised. All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Bhadreswar had a total population of 101,477 of which 53,330 (53%) were males and 48,147 (47%) were females. Population below 6 years was 9,580. The total number of literates in Bhadreswar was 79,498 (86.51% of the population over 6 years).[7]

As of 2001 India census,[8] Bhadreswar had a population of 105,944. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Bhadreswar has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 59% of the males and 41% of the females literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Migrants[edit]

Jute mills drew in a large labour force from the neighbouring states of Bihar and Orissa, as well as eastern Uttar Pradesh, quite often forming an overwhelming majority of the population in the area, living in shanty towns and bustees dotting the mill area. The proportion of migrants in the population was 80% in Bhadreswar.[9]

According to a study carried out by Vidyasagar University, "Most of these industrial units were located in riverine towns. A few of these were old towns inhabited previously by middle class Bengali 'babus' while others were new towns grown out of agricultural lands... Agriculture in Bengal was more remunerative than work in the jute mills but what the jute mills paid was enough to attract labour from Bihar, Orissa, U.P. first and then from C.P. or even Madras...The industrial 'mohallas' remained as 'ghettos'. There was little or no interconnection or social and cultural contact between local Bengali population and the mill hands. Both lived in their own worlds."[10]

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration[edit]

The following Municipalities and Census Towns in Hooghly district were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in 2011 census: Bansberia (M), Hugli-Chinsurah (M), Bara Khejuria (Out Growth), Shankhanagar (CT), Amodghata (CT), Chak Bansberia (CT), Naldanga (CT), Kodalia (CT), Kulihanda (CT), Simla (CT), Dharmapur (CT), Bhadreswar (M), Champdani (M), Chandannagar (M Corp.), Baidyabati (M), Serampore (M), Rishra (M), Rishra (CT), Bamunari (CT), Dakshin Rajyadharpur (CT), Nabagram Colony (CT), Konnagar (M), Uttarpara Kotrung (M), Raghunathpur (PS-Dankuni) (CT), Kanaipur (CT) and Keota (CT).[11]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Victoria Jute Mills at Telenipara, Bhadreswar was established in 1885 and employs about 5,000 people. The mill is passing through a rough phase, closing down and opening off and on with militant labour in a volatile environment.[12][13][14][15]

Transport[edit]

The State Highway 6 (West Bengal)/ Grand Trunk Road passes through Bhadreswar.[16]

Bhadreswar is a station on the Howrah-Bardhaman main line.[17]It is part of Kolkata Suburban Railway system.

Education[edit]

Kabi Sukanta Mahavidyalaya, a general degree college, was established at Bhadreswar in 1986.[18][19] Bhadreswar has multiple high-schools within town limits, the most prominent being Digra Mallickhati Deshbandhu Vidyapit and Rabindra Smriti (S) Vidyaniketan, Prominent girl's schools in the area include Saradapally Kanya Vidyapith.

Recently[when?], private schools have also started increasing in number and student capacity in the town, with Durgamoyee Academy opening one more branch near Bhadreswar Station.[citation needed]

Tourist Spot[edit]

1.The Banabithi Park located near the DVC channel, in Natunpara, Bhardeswar. 2.Bhadreswar Nath Temple located near Bhadreswar G.T.road 3.Bhadreswar Netradarpan Welfare Foundation N.G.O centre-148/1 R.B.Aveneu Bhadreswar Hooghly

References[edit]

  1. ^ District-wise list of statutory towns Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Base Map of Kolkata Metropolitan area". Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-09-03.
  3. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Hooghly District Police". West Bengal Police. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Table 2.1, 2.2, 2.4(a). Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  6. ^ "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  7. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  9. ^ Goswami, Onkar, Calcutta’s Economy 1918-1970 The fall from Grace in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol II, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, p. 90, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
  10. ^ Basu, Nirban. "Industrialisation and Emergence of Labour Force in Bengal during The Colonial Period: Its Socio-Economic Impact" (PDF). Vidyasagar University Journal of History, Vol 1, 2012-13. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  11. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  12. ^ "Saugata Roy speaks on the problems faced by jute mills in West Bengal". Lok Sabha, 7 May 2015. All India Trinamool Congress. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  13. ^ "Victoria Jute Mill". Fact Sheet. indiamart. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  14. ^ "Jute mill CEO manages to escape as mob of labourers attack home". The Times of India, 9 November 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  15. ^ "Six jute mills close in week in West Bengal". PTI. Business Standard, 21 June 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  16. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  17. ^ "37815 Howrah Bardhaman Jn Local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  18. ^ "Kabi Sukanta Mahavidyalaya". KSMV. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  19. ^ "Kabi Sukanta Mahavidyalaya". Minglebox. Retrieved 30 June 2017.

External links[edit]