Bhagalpur district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Bhagalpur.
Bhagalpur district
(भागलपुर जिला),ضلع بھاگل پور (ভাগলপুর জেলা )
District of Bihar
Location of Bhagalpur district in Bihar
Location of Bhagalpur district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Bhagalpur
Headquarters Bhagalpur
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Bhagalpur
 • Total 2,570 km2 (990 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 3,032,226
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
 • Urban 600,100 (19.79 per cent)
 • Literacy 64.96 per cent[1]
 • Sex ratio 879/1000
Major highways NH 31, NH 81
Average annual precipitation 1166 mm
Website Official website

Bhagalpur district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Bhagalpur town is the administrative headquarters of this district.


Bhagalpur district occupies an area of 2,569 square kilometres (992 sq mi),.[2][3] Bhagalpur district is a part of Bhagalpur Division. The river Ganges flows through the district.

National protected area[edit]


In 2006 the Indian government named Bhagalpur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). PratyushPriyank is one of the biggest loss-making companies based in Bhagalpur.[4]


According to the 2011 census Bhagalpur district has a population of 3,032,226,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Oman[6] or the US state of Iowa.[7] This gives it a ranking of 120th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 1,180 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,100/sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.13%.[5] Bhagalpur has a sex ratio of 879 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 64.96%.[5]

The district has an area of 2,570 km², and a total population of 2,423,172, of which 1,990,976 (82%) are Hindu and 423,246 Muslim (17%)[citation needed].


The primary language used in the district is Angika.Other chief languages include Hindi, Urdu and Bengali.[8]

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1990 Bhagalpur district became home to the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Wildlife Sanctuary, which is 0.5 km (0.3 mi) in length.[9]


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Obira 2,542km2 
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Oman 3,027,959 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Iowa 3,046,355 
  8. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Angika: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  9. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Bihar". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°00′N 86°55′E / 25.000°N 86.917°E / 25.000; 86.917