Bhagalpur Junction railway station

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Bhagalpur Junction
Indian Railway
Bhagalpur jn..jpg
LocationMojahidpur, Bhagalpur, Bihar
India
Coordinates25°14′29″N 86°58′21″E / 25.2415°N 86.9725°E / 25.2415; 86.9725
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated byEastern Railway
Line(s)Sahibganj Loop, Bhagalpur-Hansdiha line, Bhagalpur-Godda line, Sultanganj-Deoghar line, Bhagalpur-Banka line, Bhagalpur-Mandar Hills line
Platforms6
Tracks7
Construction
Structure typeStandard (on ground station)
ParkingAvailable
Other information
StatusFunctioning
Station codeBGP
Zone(s) Eastern Railway
Division(s) Malda Division
ElectrifiedDouble BG
Traffic
Passengers200,000 per Day
Location
Bhagalpur Junction is located in India
Bhagalpur Junction
Bhagalpur Junction
Location within India
Bhagalpur Junction is located in Bihar
Bhagalpur Junction
Bhagalpur Junction
Bhagalpur Junction (Bihar)

Bhagalpur Junction railway station, (Station code: BGP), is a railway station serving the city of Bhagalpur in the Bhagalpur district in the Indian state of Bihar.

History[edit]

Bhagalpur Junction railway station is connected to most of the major cities in India by the railway network. It lies in the Sahibganj loop-line which serves Bhagalpur with numerous trains. It is the third busiest line in Bihar. About 100 pairs of Express and 44 pairs of passenger train pass through this line. Bhagalpur Junction is an A1 grade railway station.

It is the highest revenue generator in the Malda Rail Division. It is the third major railway station in Eastern Railway after Howrah and Sealdah. Bhagalpur is well connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Ajmer, Kanpur, Patna, Guwahati, Surat, Jammu, Munger, Gaya and other cities.

Railway transportation was introduced in India within 30 years of its maiden run in England.

The East Indian Railway Company, formed on 1 June 1845, completed its survey for a railway line from Kolkata, then called Calcutta, to Delhi via Mirzapur in 1846. The company initially became defunct on refusal of government guarantee, which was given in 1849. Thereafter, an agreement was signed between East Indian Railway Company and the East India Company, for the construction and operation of an "experimental" line between Kolkata and Rajmahal, which would later be extended to Delhi via Mirzapur. Construction began in 1851.

On 15 August 1854, the first passenger train in the eastern section was operated up to Hooghly, 39 kilometres (24 mi) away. On 1 February 1855 the first train ran from Hooghly to Raniganj, 195 kilometres (121 mi) from Howrah. The priority accorded to the Raniganj section was because of the assurance of coal transportation.

The Khana Junction-Rajmahal section was complete in October 1859, crossing Ajay River on the way. The first train ran from Howrah to Rajmahal via Khana on 4 July 1860. The loop from Khana Junction to Kiul via Jamalpur, including the Monghyr branch, was ready in February 1862.

From Rajmahal, construction progressed rapidly, moving westward along the banks of the Ganges, reaching Bhagalpur in 1861, Munger in February 1862, and opposite Varanasi (across the Ganges) in December 1862 and then on to Naini on the bank of the Yamuna. The work included EIR's first tunnel at Jamalpur and first major bridge across the Son River at Arrah.

During 1863-64, work progressed rapidly on the Allahabad-Kanpur-Tundla and Aligarh-Ghaziabad sections. The Yamuna bridge near Delhi was completed in 1864 and EIR established the Delhi terminus. The Yamuna bridge at Allahabad opened on 15 August 1865 and in 1866 Kolkata and Delhi were directly linked. The 1 Dn/ 2 Up Mail started running.

With the completion of the 406 kilometres (252 mi) long line connecting Raniganj with Kiul in 1871, a "shorter main line" was in position. Initially, it was called the chord line. However, as it attracted more traffic it was designated the main line and the original line became the Sahibganj loop.

After approx 150 years of operation,Kiul Jn. to Barharwa Junction Including Bhagalpur Jn. and Sahibganj Rail Line is converted in double line on 14-05-2019 except Ratanpur - Jamalpur section as construction of Tunnel near Jamalpur is in progress and likely to be completed in 2021.

In the Rail Budget 2008, Bhagalpur was announced to be converted to as Railway Division and yet to be completed by ER. The new rail lines from Sultanganj to Deoghar announced and the construction yet to start . Bhagalpur to Dumka section is operational . Bhagalpur to Deoghar via Banka section is operational.

Bhagalpur Godda via Hanshdiya is under construction.

Bhagalpur is also the originating station for many super-fast and express trains.

The electrification and CRS of Bhagalpur-Kiul Section is completed and Train with E-Loco is operation on Bhagalpur-Kiul Section.

Facilities[edit]

The major facilities available include free wi-fi across the entire Bhagalpur Junction platforms, waiting rooms, retiring room, a computerised reservation facility, reservation counter, vehicle parking etc.[1][2] The vehicles are allowed to enter the station premises. There are refreshment rooms vegetarian and non-vegetarian, tea stall, book stall, post and telegraphic office and Government Railway police(G.R.P) office. Automatic ticket vending machines have been installed to reduce the queue on the station for train tickets.[3]

Platforms[edit]

There are six platforms in Bhagalpur Junction. The platforms are interconnected with three footbridges.

Escalators[edit]

Bhagalpur Junction is among the selected railway stations of India where automated escalators are installed.[4]

Developments[edit]

Only Ratanpur to Jamalpur Section of the Kuil Jn. to Barharwa Section is still operating on single track .Work of construction of Second Tunnel Near Janalpur is in Progress .Second Tunnel work near Jamalpur is likely to be completed by 2021. Twenty-one pairs of trains ply between Bhagalpur and Sahibganj. Work for doubling the 111-kilometre long (69 mi) stretch started in 2010(Announced in 1996).[5]

Work on the new 130-kilometre (81 mi) long Rampurhat-Dumka-Mander Hill broad gauge line completed and Kavi Guru Express BhagalpurJn to howrah is running on this route.

Mirjachauki-Godda and Godda-Hanshdiya is under construction.

Electrification[edit]

The electrification of Bonidanga Link Cabin-Barharwa-Sahibganj-Kiul section Including the Tinpahar-Rajmahal section (Announced by Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Package in Bihar ) has been started from September 2017 and is yet expected to be completed by the end of march 2020.

The works of electrification work and CRS Inspection between Kiul - Jamalpur Section and Jamalpur - Bhagalpur Section is completed in March 2019.

After approx 150 years of operation of Kiul Jn. to Bhagalpur Jn.Section of Sahibganj Loop Rail Line, Vikramshila Exp. become the first train hauled by Electric Locomotive on 02-06-2019.

Electric Train started on 02-06-2019 as 12368 Down ANVT to BGP Vikranshila Exp. arived at BGP hauled by Electrin Locomotive . On 03-06-2019 12367 UP BGP to ANVT Vikramshila Exp. departed from BGP hauled by Electric Locomotive .

Digging of holes for Electric Poles from Bhagalpur Railway Station towards Sahibganj is reached upto Shivnarayanpur .Digging of holes for Electric Poles from Bonidanga Link Cabin toward Bhagalpur is reached to Mirzachauki Railway Station .Pole Erection from Bonidanga Link Cabin toward Sahibganj is Reached up to Kalyanchack.

Digging of holes for Electric Poles from Jamalpur Railway Station towards Mungher is in Progress .

Jamalpur Workshop[edit]

Jamalpur Workshop on Kiul Jn. - Bhagalpur Jn. Section, the first full-fledged railway workshop facility in India, was opened on 8 February 1862, at a time when the Howrah-Delhi main line, passing through Jamalpur was under construction. It undertook repairs of wagons, coaches, cranes and tower cars, and locomotives, as well as manufacture of some tower cars, break-down cranes and various kinds of heavy-duty lifting jacks. They also produced their own locomotives, starting with the CA 764 Lady Curzon in 1899. It has also produced ticket printers and other ticket machines (slitting, counting, and chopping). With fairly extensive workshop facilities, it was a fairly self-contained.[7]

Branch lines[edit]

Bhagalpur , Dumka to Rampurhat section is operational . Bhagalpur to Deoghar and Bhagalpur to Jasidih section is operational.

Bhagalpur Godda via Hanshdiya is under comsreuction.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kumod Verma (12 June 2013). "Patliputra station to be functional by month-end". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  2. ^ "List of Locations (Irrespective of States) Where Computerized Reservation Facilities Are Available". Indian Railways. Archived from the original on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  3. ^ "8 more stations to be made models".
  4. ^ "Patna Junction to have Automatic Escalators for Passengers". Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2013.