Bhagya Reddy Varma

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Bhagya Reddy Varma
Born (1888-05-22)May 22, 1888
Hyderabad State, India
Died July 2, 1950(1950-07-02) (aged 62)
Hyderabad, India
Occupation Educational Activist
Social Reformer
Modern Thinker
Deccan Revolution Leader
Spouse(s) Madare Ragmamba

Bhagya Reddy Varma (Madare Bagaiah) (May 22, 1888 – July 2, 1950) was a Social Reformer, Educational Activist, Modern Thinker, Businessman and Deccan Revolution Leader, who fought for untouchability in Hyderabad State. He is known as the “Father of Dalit Movement in India”.

Early Life[edit]

Madare Bagaiah was born to a Dalit, Mala caste family in the princely Hyderabad State to Madare Venkaiah and Madare Ragmamba couples. In inspiration to Jyotirao Phule, he raised his gutsy voice against upper caste. Eventually, he established Adi Hindu, a social organization, to bring awareness in the dalits. He formed a group called ‘Jagan Mitra Mandali’ involved of Harijans and Malas, and started telling stories by ‘Hari Katha’ (popular folklore). At the end of the each program Bhagya Reddy Varma used to speak conclusively,” to get educate, dalits are not untouchables; they are backbone of this country hence we are Adi Hindu”. In the year 1910 Bhagya Reddy Varma started to educate dalit children from his own expenses. In a short span of time he able to run, 25 centers with 2000 students.

  • 1911 Adi Hindu social services started
  • 1912 promoted Budhism
  • 1913 Arya Samaj honored with title Verma

In 1917 in a conference at Vijayawada ‘Pratam Andhra - Adi Hindu’ meeting was held. In the same year Bhagya Reddy Vermas’s speech was very much attracted MK Gandhi’s attention at ‘Akhila Bharata Hindu’ round table conference in Calcutta. In 1919 a meeting held with Jangamulu, Dasulu, Mulnavasi, for the Adi Hindu beneficial program. The purpose of this event is to resolve the internal issues in dalit community; he insisted the panchayat court system to be rebuilt. In 1925 Adi Hindu Hand skills exhibition was held to showcase the dalits skills to the world. Apart, Bhagya Reddy extended for many social issues like Child Marriage, Black Magic, Women Education, Alcohol Consumption etc. His work was spread to neighboring states Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Maharastra and Andhra, from their as well people joined voices and followed the revolution. In 1930 in an historical speech he announced to take the dalit issues to the British notice in the upcoming All India Round Table Conference at Lucknow in the same year. He supposes to send BR Ambedkar to lead the group. The agenda is to recognize the dalits as Adi Hindu rather panchmilarnulu (untouchables), mala, madiga.

In 1931 the Nizam government has come forward to agree the demands of Bhagya Reddy Varma, and registered the dalits as Adi Hindus in general elections. His Exalted Highness VII Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddiqi Asaf Jah has praise Bhagya Reddy for doing such a committed social work and awarded him for his recognition. And later in some stages Nizam appointed him as chief advisor to his government. Adi Hindu Bhavan, at Chadarghat, Hyderabad, has been the platform for the many revolutionary meetings. Bhagya Reddys Verma’s dream was to bring progress in dalit families, for which he struggled, fought and starved till his last breath. In his mark, Bhagya Memorial Girls High School at Esamia Bazar, Koti, Hyderabad, Telangana which he started in 1913 is still functioning. In modern days also the upper communities have never bothered to recognize his work and failed to tell about his gracious history to the coming generations.

Social History[edit]

Some thousands of years ago an unknown indecent people have wrote the cast system in India. Which lead to various problems in the country? The main cause is why liberal India is still underdeveloped country since its independence from British rule in 1947. The Schedule Casts (SC), Schedule Tribes (ST) and Minorities were the most who adversely affected by the dominant cast discrimination. Unlike, the dalits have been depriving in all walks of life. The chaos diversification has left the fate of dalits miserable. The negligence of ruling parties in secular India has failed to safeguard the lawful policies of SC&ST union. In Hindu society the Dalit community has been suppressed by the so called upper castes. Therefore this cause has become a social stigma. In fact, in Indian political history Dalits, Bahujans, Minorities and Women’s have ruined their fate. The selfish cannibal upper castes people are only been benefited and still being benefiting. The lower caste people are used as vote bank tactics. During the British rule, the lower caste issues might have been resolved the consequences, but the dominant upper cast land lords have denied resolving the issues.

Jagan Mitra Mandali[edit]

In 1906, he started Jagan Mita Mandali to educate dalits through popular folklore.

Devadasi Movement[edit]

Bhagyareddy had launched a movement against devadasi pratha, forcing the Nizam to declare it a crime.

During the Telangana Movement in 2009, the students of Telangana region renamed the G. M. C. Balayogi Athletic Stadium as Bhagya Reddy Varma Stadium.


Arya Samaj in 1913 organised a function to honour him with the title Varma.