Dharam Singh (Sikhism)

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Bhai Dharam Singh (1666–1708), one of the Panj Pyare or the Five Beloved, the forerunners of Khalsa, came of farming stock. He was the son of Bhai Sant Ram and Mai Sabho, of the village Saifpur-Karamchandpur, Hastinapur, Meerut District.

Joins 10th Guru[edit]

Dharam Das, as he was originally named, was born around 1666. As a young man, he fell into the company of a Sikh who introduced him to the teachings of the Gurus. He left home at the age of thirteen in quest of further instruction. At the Sikh shrine of Nanak Piau, dedicated to Guru Nanak, he was advised to go to Guru Gobind Singh at Anandpur, where he arrived in 1698.

Offered his head[edit]

A few months later came the historic Baisakhi congregation at which five Sikhs responding to five successive calls of Guru Gobind Singh offered one after the other to lay down their heads. Dharam Das was one of those five. The Guru blessed them and called them Panj Pyare, the five beloved of him. They were anointed as the first five members of the brotherhood of the Khalsa inaugurated on that day. Guru Gobind Singh then asked them to administer to him the vows of initiation.

Delivered Zafarnamah[edit]

Dharam Das, who, after initiation, became Dharam Singh, took part in the battles of Anandpur. He was in Guru Gobind Singh's train when Anandpur and thereafter Chamkaur were evacuated. He accompanied Bhai Daya Singh to the South to deliver Guru Gobind Singh's letter, the Zafarnamah, to Emperor Aurangzeb.

Support of Prince Mua'zzam[edit]

During the war of succession following the death of Aurangzib on 20 February 1707, Guru Gobind Singh took the part of the rightful claimant to the imperial throne, Prince Mua'zzam, and sent for his help Bhai Dharam Singh who with his small band of Sikhs fought in the battle of Jajau (8 June 1707). He accompanied Guru Gobind Singh to Nanded and was with him at the time of his death on 7 October 1708.

Return home[edit]

Dharam Singh died at Nanded. A Gurdwara there preserves the memory jointly of Bhai Dharam Singh Ji and Bhai Daya Singh Ji.

References[edit]

  • Kuir Singh, Gurbilas Patshahi 10. Patiala, 1968
  • Chhibbar, Kesar Singh, Bansavalinama Das Patshahian Ka. Chandigarh, 1972
  • Santokh Singh, Bhai, Gur Pratap Suraj Granth. Amritsar 1926-37
  • Macauliffe, Max Arthur, The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909
  • Harbans Singh, Guru Gobind Singh. Chandigarh, 1966