Bhai Jiwan Singh

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Baba Jiwan Singh
Born(1649-11-30)30 November 1649
Patna, India
Died7 December 1704(1704-12-07) (aged 55)
Parent(s)Sada Nand
Mata Premo

Baba Jiwan Singh (also spelled Jivan and Jeevan) (Bhai Jaita before baptism) (1649–1704) was a Majhabi Sikh General and an accomplice, companion and friend of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs. As well as his military prowess he was a poet and a warrior. He became a Sikh martyr when he fell during the Battle of Sarsa in 1704 against the Mughal armies. He also taught gatka, shabad kirtan, archery, horse riding, and swimming to Sahibzada Ajit Singh, a son of Guru Gobind Singh.[citation needed]

Born as Jaita to father Sada Nand and mother Mata Premo at Patna, India in 1649.[2]. Alternatively his mother was Lajwanti, the daughter of the Brahmin Pandit Shiv Narayan. He lived first at Patna where he received training in various weapons and learned the art of warfare. In addition, he learned horse-riding, swimming, music and Kirtan.[3] When Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Sikh guru, was martyred by the Mughals in Delhi, Baba Jiwan Singh recovered his dismembered body from a Muslim crowd and brought it back to his son, Guru Gobind Singh. the name Mazhabi ("faithful").[4]guru ji gave him record of "Rangrete Guru Ke Bete"(The Rangretas are the Guru’s sons). Bhai Jiwan Singh was instructed by his father to behead him in order to swap the head of his father for that of Guru Tegh Bahadur. Bhai Jiwan Singh carries out his father’s wish and carried the head of Guru Tegh Bahadur from Delhi to Gobind Rai in Anandpur Sahib.[5][6]Singh was with the Guru during the evacuation of Anandpur Sahib and laid down his life to aid his leader's safe escape.[7]

Bhai Jiwan Singh wrote about the exploits of Guru Gobind Singh in his magnum opus the Sri Gur Katha.

After his death in 1705 a tomb was erected to honour him and it stands there to this day.


  1. ^ Jacques, Tony. Dictionary of Battles and Sieges. Greenwood Press. p. 914. ISBN 978-0-313-33536-5.
  2. ^ "Sikh Warriors :Bhai Jivan Singh". All About Sikhism. Archived from the original on 5 December 2010. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  3. ^ Gandhi, S.S. (2007) History of Sikh Gurus Retold: 1606-1708 C.E. Atlantic Publishers & Dist p1109 ISBN 8126908580
  4. ^ Yong, Tan Tai (2005). The Garrison State: The Military, Government and Society in Colonial Punjab, 1849–1947. SAGE. p. 73. ISBN 978-8-13210-347-9.
  5. ^ McLeod, W. H. (2009). The A to Z of Sikhism. Scarecrow Press. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-81086-344-6.
  6. ^ Cole, W. Owen (2004). Understanding Sikhism. Dunedin Academic Press. p. 153 – via Questia.
  7. ^ Gandhi, S.S. (2007) History of Sikh Gurus Retold: 1606-1708 C.E. Atlantic Publishers & Dist p1109 ISBN 8126908580

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