Bhairavasana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Illustration of a yogini in Aṇkuśāsana, the elephant goad pose, in the 19th century Sritattvanidhi. The pose is now usually called Bhairavasana.

Bhairavasana (Sanskrit: भैरवासन) or formidable pose, sometimes called Supta Bhairavasana (सुप्त भैरवासन),[1] is a reclining asana in hatha yoga; the variation Kala Bhairavasana (काला भैरवासन) has the body balanced on the straight leg and one arm, as in Vasiṣṭhāsana. Bhairava is one of the eight aspects of the god Shiva.[2] The pose has also been called Aṇkuśāsana (अण्कुशआसन), the elephant goad pose.

Etymology and origins[edit]

Traditional Indian elephant goad or Aṇkuś (17th century example seen here) is a short straight iron spear with a hook, giving one name for the pose.

The name comes from the Sanskrit words Kala (काला) meaning "dark, black"; Bhairava (भैरव) meaning "terrible, formidable",[2] the name of one of the incarnations of Shiva, the Hindu god described as destroyer and transformer;[3] and Asana (आसन, āsana) meaning "posture" or "seat".[4] Supta (सुप्त) means supine or reclining.

The pose is illustrated in the 19th century Sritattvanidhi under the name Aṇkuśāsana (अण्कुशआसन), from Sanskrit अण्कुश, an elephant goad.[5]

Description[edit]

The pose is a reclining posture with one leg stretched straight out, and the foot of the other leg behind the neck. The hands are held in prayer position in front of the chest. In the variant pose Kala Bhairavasana, the arm on the side with the bent leg is held out straight, supporting the body, while the arm on the side with the straight leg is held out, straight up.[2][3][6]

Variations[edit]

Chakorasana, from Sanskrit चकोर Chakora, a partridge, is a raised version of the same pose. The foot of the extended leg is flat on the ground; the hand on the bent-leg side is stretched straight out (in line with the shoulders) supporting the body with the palm on the ground; the other hand is stretched straight up.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Supta Bhairavasana". Yogapedia. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d Iyengar, B. K. S. (1979) [1966]. Light on Yoga. Schocken Books. pp. 296–299.
  3. ^ a b "Bhairavasana". Yogapedia. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  4. ^ Sinha, S. C. (1996). Dictionary of Philosophy. Anmol Publications. p. 18. ISBN 978-81-7041-293-9.
  5. ^ Sjoman, Norman E. (1999). The Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace. Abhinav Publications. p. 69. ISBN 81-7017-389-2.
  6. ^ Mittra, Dharma (2002). Asanas: 708 Yoga Postures. New World Library. pp. 324, 584. ISBN 978-1-57731-402-8.