Bhajan Lal

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Chaudhary Bhajan Lal
6th and 14th Chief Minister of Haryana
In office
29 June 1979 – 4 june1986
Preceded by Chaudhary Devi Lal
Succeeded by Bansi Lal
Constituency Adampur
In office
23 July 1991 – 9 May 1996
Preceded by President's Rule
Succeeded by Bansi Lal
Constituency Adampur
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Karnal
In office
1998–1999
Preceded by Ishwar Dayal Swami
Succeeded by Ishwar Dayal Swami
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Hisar
In office
2009–2011
Preceded by Jai Parkash
Succeeded by Kuldeep Bishnoi
Personal details
Born (1930-10-06)6 October 1930
Koranwali, Bahawalpur District, Punjab, India
(now in Punjab, Pakistan)
Died 3 June 2011(2011-06-03) (aged 80)
Political party Haryana Janhit Congress
Spouse(s) Jasma Devi
Children Chander Mohan Bishnoi, Kuldeep Bishnoi
Residence Chandigarh

Bhajan Lal (6 October 1930 – 3 June 2011) was a politician and three-time chief minister from the northern Indian state of Haryana. He first became the Chief Minister in 1979, again in 1982 and once again in 1991. He also served as Union Agricultural Minister.

Early life[edit]

Bhajan Lal was born on 6 October 1930 in Koranwali village of British India's Bahawalpur princely state, which now lies in Pakistan.[1][2] He married to Jasma Devi, by whom he had two sons - Chander Mohan and Kuldip Bishnoi - and a daughter, Roshni. He started his career as a trader in Adampur town of Hisar district and later entered into politics from the Adampur (Vidhan Sabha constituency).[3]

Political career[edit]

Bhajan Lal was the chief minister of the Haryana state twice, his first term from 28 June 1979 to 5 July 1985, and his second term from 23 July 1991 to 11 May 1996. He had also served as a union cabinet minister at the centre, holding the Agriculture and Environments & Forest portfolios during Rajiv Gandhi's administration. After Mrs Indira Gandhi came to power in January 1980, Bhajan Lal was Janata Party's CM in Haryana; he immediately defected with a huge chunk of Janata Party's MLAs to Congress and continued as CM. This brazen act made him notorious as an exemplar of 'आया राम गया राम' culture in which opportunist politicians show no loyalty. He consolidated non-Jat vote in his Jat-dominated state, and was the last non-Jat CM of the 20th century. Full 18 years were to pass before BJP's Manohar Lal Khattar became Haryana's first non-Jat CM of 21st century in 2014.

The victory of the Indian National Congress in Haryana's 2005 elections caused a major rift in its state unit, as it opted to make Bhupinder Hooda, a Jat, the Chief Minister instead of Bhajan.[4] In 2007, Lal officially announced he would form a new party, called the Haryana Janhit Congress. The key event that brought this about was the suspension of his son Kuldeep Bishnoi from the Indian National Congress, for criticizing the party's central leaders.[5]

2009 Lok Sabha Elections[edit]

Bhajan Lal fought election from Hissar and defeated two prominent politicians of Haryana politics, Sampat Singh and Jai Parkash in a high profile battle.[citation needed]

Death[edit]

Bhajan Lal died on 3 June 2011 in Hisar following a heart attack.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Former Haryana chief minister Bhajan Lal dies of heart attack". NDTV. Press Trust of India. 3 June 2011. Archived from the original on 18 April 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 
  2. ^ "Haryana Vidhan Sabha: Who's who: 2000" (PDF). Government of Haryana. p. 40. Archived from the original on 18 April 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "Ex-Haryana CM Bhajan Lal to be cremated at Adampur". Zee News. 4 June 2011. Archived from the original on 18 April 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 
  4. ^ "Bhajan Lal makes a turnaround". The Hindu. 6 March 2005. Retrieved 3 November 2010. 
  5. ^ "Bhajan Plans New Party". The Times of India. 14 March 2007. Retrieved 3 November 2010. 
  6. ^ "Bhajan Lal passes away". The Hindu. 3 June 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2011. 
  7. ^ "Bhajan Lal, 80, dies of heart attack". The Times of India. 3 June 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2011. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Chaudhary Devi Lal
Chief Minister of Haryana
1979–1985
Succeeded by
Chaudhary Bansi Lal
Preceded by
Om Prakash Chautala
Chief Minister of Haryana
1991–1996
Succeeded by
Chaudhary Bansi Lal