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Bhalan (Gujarati: ભાલણ)(b. 15th century in Patan in the present-day Gujarat state in India), was a famous Gujarati poet of the medieval period. Also a scholar of Sanskrit literature, he is considered a major contributor in Bhakti-kal in Gujarati literature.[1]


According to Narsinhrao Divetia, his best works are Kadambari and Nalakhyan.[2] Kadambari is an abridged Gujarati rendering of Banabhatta's well-known Sanskrit prose work Kadambari in verse.[1] He extracted the pulp from the Puranas and converted it into various significant works, which include Nalakhyan, Shiv-Bhiladi Samvad, Durvasa Akhyan, Mrugi Akhyan, Jalandhar Akhyan, Mamaki Akhyan, Chandi Akhyan and Dhruv Akhyan. He was an exponent of the genres of the Akhyana and Kavita in Gujarati literature.

Bhalan had also created beautiful poems Ram Balacharita and Krishna Balacharita. These poems describe the depth of the childness of both gods. Bhalan was the first Gujarati writer, who used the word, Gujarabhasha (Gujarati language) in his Nalakhyan to describe the language of his poem.


  1. ^ a b Sheldon Pollock (19 May 2003). Literary Cultures in History: Reconstructions from South Asia. California: University of California Press. p. 580. ISBN 978-0-520-22821-4. Retrieved 19 September 2017. 
  2. ^ Narsinhrao Bholanath Divetia (1993). Gujarati Language and Literature. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. p. 219. ISBN 978-81-206-0648-7. Retrieved 4 March 2018. 
  • Milestones in Gujarati Literature by K M Jhaveri.
  • Brahmbhatt, Prasad, Kavyasarita. (Literary Criticism of the evolution of Poetry). Ahmedabad: Parshwa Publication, 2003.
  • Trivedi, Ramesh. M. Arvachin Gujarati Sahityano Itihaas (History of Modern Gujarati Literature). Ahmedabad: Adarsh Prakashan, 1994.
  • Trivedi, Ramesh. M. Gujarati Sahityano Itihaas (History of Gujarati Literature). Ahmedabad: Adarsh Prakashan, 2005.

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