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27 May 1938|
Bhalchandra Vanaji Nemade (born 1938) is a Marathi writer, poet, critic and linguistic scholar from Maharashtra, India. Beginning with his debut novel Kosala, Nemade brought new dimensions to the world of Marathi literature. This was followed by a tetralogy consisting of novels Bidhar, Hool, Jareela and Jhool. In 2013, Nemade published his magnum opus titled Hindu: Jagnyachi Samruddha Adgal (Marathi: हिंदू: जगण्याची समृद्ध अडगळ) which is regarded as his masterpiece. Nemade is a recipient of the Sahitya Akademi Award as well as the Jnanapith Award, the highest literary honour in India. In 2013, he was awarded the Padma Shri.
Nemade was born on 27 May 1938 in the village of Sangavi in the Khandesh region of Maharashtra. He received his bachelor's degree from Fergusson College in Pune and master's degree in Linguistics from Deccan College in Pune and English Literature from the Mumbai University in Mumbai. He received PhD and D.Lit. degrees from North Maharashtra University.
Nemade taught English, Marathi, and comparative literature at various universities including the School of Oriental and African Studies at London. He retired from Mumbai University's Gurudeo Tagore Chair for comparative literature studies. In the 1960s, Nemade edited Marathi magazine Vacha (वाचा).
Nemade wrote his first novel Kosala (कोसला) in 1963. It is a fictitious autobiographical novel of one Pandurang Sangvikar, a youth from rural Maharashtra who studies in a college in Pune; but it is loosely based on Nemade's own life in his youth.
Sangvikar, the narrator in Kosala, uses everyday Marathi spoken in rural Maharashtra and his worldview also reflects that held by residents of rural Maharashtra. Kosala is a chronological autobiographical narration, yet it employs certain innovative techniques. Thus, Sangvikar describes one year in his life in the form of a witty diary. As another innovative technique, the narration describes "historical investigations" often undertaken by Sangvikar and his friend Suresh Bapat, which ultimately uncover to them the absurdity and tragedy of their present condition. Kosla is extensively translated into various languages including English, Hindi, Gujarati, Kannada, Assamese, Punjabi, Bengali, Urdu, Oriya, et al.
After Kosala, Nemade presented a different protagonist, Changadev Patil, through his four novels Bidhar (बिढार), Hool (हूल), Jarila (जरीला) and Jhool (झूल). Another tetralogy begins with Hindu – Jagnyachi Samruddha Adgal (हिंदू – जगण्याची समृद्ध अडगळ) in 2010 having Khanderao, the archaeologist as its protagonist.
The differences between Sangvikar and Patil are not confined to just their age, profession, habits, and intellectual and emotional perception: While Sangvikar at times keeps the world at bay or even rejects the world, Patil is all for the world and is forever engaged in confronting and understanding it. Sangvikar is mercurial, Patil is more realistic, whereas Khanderao's consciousness moves across 5000 years to Indus Valley culture in the Hindu tetralogy.
As a critic, Nemade's contribution rests in initiating Deshivad, a theory that negates globalisation or internationalism, asserting the value of writers' native heritage, indicating that Marathi literature ought to try to revive its native base and explore its indigenous sources. Nemade antagonised his contemporaries by contending that the short story is a genre inferior to that of the novel.
- Hindu – Jagnyachi Samruddha Adgal (हिंदू – जगण्याची समृद्ध अडगळ), published by Popular Prakashan, Mumbai
- Kosla (कोसला, Popular Prakashan, Mumbai
- Bidhar (बिढार), Popular Prakashan, Mumbai
- Hool (हूल), Popular Prakashan, Mumbai
- Jarila (जरीला), Popular Prakashan, Mumbai
- Jhool (झूल), Popular Prakashan, Mumbai
- Melody (मेलडी), Vacha Prakashan, Aurangabad
- Dekhani (देखणी), Popular Prakashan, Mumbai
- Teekaswayamvar, Saket Prakashan, Aurangabad
- Sahityachi Bhasha, Saket Prakashan, Aurangabad
- Tukaram, Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi
- The Influence of English on Marathi : A Sociolinguistic and Stylistic Study, Rajahauns Prakashan, Panaji
- Indo-Anglian Writings: Two Lectures, Prasaranga Prakashan, Mysore
- Marathi For Beginners, Saket Prakashan, Aurangabad
- Marathi Reading Course(with Ian Raeside), S.O.A.S., Univ. of London.
- Nivadak Mulakhati, Loka Wangmaya Griha, Mumbai.
- Sola Bhashane, Loka Wangmaya Griha, Mumbai.
- Nativism (Desivad), Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla
- How Much Space Does an Indian Writer Need?:Literary Standards-Native, Western, Global, Sahitya Academi, New Delhi
- "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
- Nemade, Bhalchandra (1963). Kosala (कोसला). Mumbai: Popular Prakashan. p. 265.
- Nemade, Bhalchandra (2003). Bidhar(बिढार). Mumbai: Popular Prakashan. p. 305. ISBN 978-81-267-0298-5.
- Nandgaonkar, Satish (6 February 2015). "Marathi novelist Bhalchandra Nemade chosen for Jnanpith award". Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2013)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014.
2011: 98: Prof.(Dr) Bhalchandra Vana Nemade
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bhalchandra Nemade.|
- Civil Services Junction, Civil Services Junction, 7 February 2015.
- Reviving the true Hindu ethos, The Hindu, 3 July 2010.
- Brahmins, Hindutva have ruined Hindu religion: Bhalchandra Nemade, DNA Mumbai, 26 July 2010.
- ‘हिंदू’ ही भूसांस्कृतिक संकल्पना – भालचंद्र नेमाडे, लोकसत्ता, 18 July 2010.
- on YouTube, Star Maaza, 27 July 2010.