Bhandara

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Bhandara

Bhannara
City
District HQ/Municipal Council
Nickname(s): 
Brass City and Rice Bowl City Of India
Bhandara is located in Maharashtra
Bhandara
Bhandara
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 21°10′N 79°39′E / 21.17°N 79.65°E / 21.17; 79.65Coordinates: 21°10′N 79°39′E / 21.17°N 79.65°E / 21.17; 79.65
Country India
StateMaharashtra
RegionVidarbha
DistrictBhandara
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyBhandara Municipal Council
Area
 • Total30 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation
244 m (801 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total91,845[1]
Demonym(s)Bhandarekar
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
441904, 441905, 441906
Telephone code+91-7184
Vehicle registrationMH-36
Sex ratio979 per 1000 males /[1]
Websitehttp://www.bhandara.gov.in

Bhandara (About this soundpronunciation ) is a city and municipal council that is the headquarters of Bhandara district in the state of Maharashtra, India.

Overview[edit]

Bhandara serves as an agricultural center for farmers in the region, who mostly grow rice. The city speaks the regional language of Marathi. Bhandara is split between two rivers, the Wainganga and the Sur Nadi, and crossed by National Highway No. 6. The city is surrounded by industries like Ashok Leyland, Sunflag Steel and an ordnance factory. The Wainganga is the principal river in the district and the only stream that does not dry up in the hot weather.

The Norgyaling Tibetan settlement, the only Tibetan community in Maharashtra, was established near Bhandara in 1972. About 1,000 Tibetans live in Norgyaling.[2]

History[edit]

According to local interpretation, the name Bhandara is a corruption of Bhanara. Reference to Bhanara is found in an inscription from 1100 AD in Ratanpur. The district was under regency administration from 1818 to 1830. Prior to 1820, the district was administered from Lanji; the headquarters of the district was shifted to Bhandara in 1820–1821. The area became British Territory in 1853. From 1947 to 1956 the district of Bhandara, along with the other districts of the Vidarbha region, continued to form a part of the central provinces. With the reorganization of states in 1956, Bhandara district was transferred from Madhya Pradesh to the Bombay State, which came into existence in the same year. In 1960 it became part of the newly formed state of Maharashtra. [3]

Geography[edit]

Bhandara is located at 21°10′N 79°39′E / 21.17°N 79.65°E / 21.17; 79.65 in the north-east part of the state.[4] It has an average elevation of 244 metres (800 feet).

It is 60 km from the city of Nagpur. It falls on the major National Highway 6 joining Mumbai and Kolkata.

Climate[edit]

The weather is extreme in all seasons, with temperatures in the summer as high as 45°C and in winter as cool as 8°C.

Climate data for Bhandara
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.6
(81.7)
31.1
(88.0)
35.2
(95.4)
39.0
(102.2)
42.1
(107.8)
38.1
(100.6)
30.5
(86.9)
29.9
(85.8)
30.8
(87.4)
31.0
(87.8)
29.3
(84.7)
27.9
(82.2)
32.7
(90.9)
Average low °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
15.4
(59.7)
19.6
(67.3)
24.6
(76.3)
28.9
(84.0)
27.4
(81.3)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.9
(75.0)
21.2
(70.2)
15.2
(59.4)
12.9
(55.2)
20.9
(69.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.9
(0.47)
34.8
(1.37)
17.0
(0.67)
17.3
(0.68)
15.5
(0.61)
215.1
(8.47)
413.3
(16.27)
387.9
(15.27)
207.3
(8.16)
44.5
(1.75)
15.5
(0.61)
8.1
(0.32)
1,388.2
(54.65)
Source: Government of Maharashtra

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011, according to the census,[5] Bhandara had a population of 91,845. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Bhandara has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 74.04%; with male literacy of 85% and female literacy of 75%. Eleven percent of the population is under 6 years of age. Bhandara is surrounded by five villages on its outskirts, Ganeshpur, Bela, Bhojapur, Khokarla, and Takli, which, combined with the city proper, yields a population of about 125000.

Religion[edit]

According to recent census of 2011, Hinduism is predominant religion in Bhandara city and its adherent are 77.23 percent of total population.

Religions in Bhandara
Religion Percent
Hindus
77.23%
Muslims
10.85%
Buddhist
10.54%
Christians
0.35%
Jain
0.30%
Sikhs
0.18%
Other
0.37%
Not Stated
0.18%

Languages[edit]

Marathi is spoken by majority of the population in Bhandara while Lodhi, Powari, Halbi, Koshti, Hindi and Kalaari are spoken by some communities. Marathi and English are official and co-official languages of the city, respectively. English is understood by many people and spoken by some of them fluently.

Transport[edit]

Bhandara falls on National Highway 6. It is directly connected to Nagpur and Raipur by private and government bus services. It is one of the divisions of the MSRTC. It has very good connectivity with neighboring Madhya Pradesh.

The Bhandara Road railway station (BRD) serves the city and surrounding region. Bhandara is directly connected to the state capital Mumbai, Raipur, Nagpur, and Kolkata by Indian Railway.

There is no air transportation in Bhandara. The nearest airport is at Nagpur.

Industries[edit]

Videocon International is starting a consumer electronics plant near Bhandara. Bhandara has a mixed economy including agriculture (especially rice), manufacturing, and forest resources. It is also a major hub for the production of hand-knitted silk products which is crafted by the Halba Koshti tribe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bhandara Population Census 2011". Census 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-28. Retrieved 2013-04-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Bhandara - Census of India. Census of India, Govt. of India. 2011. p. 8.
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bhandara
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.