Bhandup

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Bhandup

Bhandupeshwar
Suburban
Bhandup is located in Mumbai
Bhandup
Bhandup
Coordinates: 19°08′N 72°56′E / 19.14°N 72.93°E / 19.14; 72.93Coordinates: 19°08′N 72°56′E / 19.14°N 72.93°E / 19.14; 72.93
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
DistrictMumbai Suburban
Taluka/TehsilKurla
Government
 • M.L.AAshok Patil
Shiv Sena (since 2014)
 • M.P.Manoj Kotak
BJP (since 2019)
Elevation
5.205 m (17.077 ft)
Population
 (2001 Census)
 • Total6,91,227
Demonym(s)Bhandupkar
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
400078 (West) and 400042 (East)
Vehicle registrationMH-03
Lok Sabha constituencyMumbai North East
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBhandup West
Websitehttps://mumbaisuburban.gov.in/

Bhandup is a suburban community within the Municipal Corporation of Mumbai, in the state of Maharashtra, India. The name Bhandup is derived from Bhandupeshwar, one of the names of the Hindu god Lord Shiva. An old temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, the Bhandupeshwar Mahadev Mandir, is located in Bhandup. Sonapur signal is north lead line on L.B.S. Marg and south is dockyard colony.

History[edit]

2016 Ganpati Visarjan (Ganesh Chaturthi) - Bhandup west

Bhandup is one of the oldest suburbs in Mumbai.[citation needed] It is home to Shivaji Talao, or Shivaji Lake, named after the Maratha ruler, Chhatrapati Shivaji. Devotees of Ganapati immerse idols of the elephant god Ganesh at the lake during the months of August through September, as well as in Bhandupeshwar Kundh in Bhandup Village East near the Eastern Express Highway.[citation needed]

The earliest records of Bhandup come from 1803, and show the contemporary Bhandup estate to comprise Bhandup, Nahur and Kanjur Marg.[1]

The Silaharas, also known as Shilahara, were a mixture of people of Dravidian ancestry and the Kayastha Prabhus from Konkan. The Silaharas promoted socio-economic progress in the 11th century around Bombay. To control the regions in Bombay and Thane, the built the Rajapatha, passing from the north of Bhandup, following the current Bombay-Thane road.[2]

Historical records indicate that the distillery at Bhandup was one of the two biggest sources of liquor in the Bombay Presidency, the other being the Uran distillery.[3]

Bhandup was also one of the first railway stations in India. The first train ran between Bori Bunder and Thane on 16 April 1853 with 400 passengers aboard 14 railway carriages, at 3:35 pm. It is said that the idea to connect Bombay with Thane and Kalyan occurred to Mr. George Clark, the Chief Engineer of the Bombay Government, on a visit to Bhandup in 1843.[4][5]

However, Bhandup was not a part of Bombay until 1950, when the boundaries of the Bombay municipal corporation were extended up to Andheri on the western side and Bhandup on the eastern side.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Bhandup falls within the S-ward, as defined by the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. The population of Bhandup has risen exponentially in the last twenty years.[6]

Census Year Population Density per square km % change in population from previous year Sex ratio (females/1000 males)
1981 2,97,108 7860 NA 740
1991 5,68,028 15,027 91% 813
2001 6,91,227 10,800 21% 823
  • The discordance between population and density could be due to re-drawing of ward boundaries

The majority of residents of Bhandup are Hindus by religion. The dominant language is Marathi. Although a large percentage of the residents are natives of Maharashtra, in the last few decades, there has been a huge influx of non-native residents into Bhandup, reflecting the trend witnessed for Mumbai as a whole.[citation needed]

near Bhandup Pumping Station

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

According to the 2001 census, there were 12,380 industrial establishments in Bhandup (S-Ward), providing employment to 36,921 residents of Bhandup.[6] The rest of the employed populace are employed outside the limits of the S-ward.

One of the first industries to start in this area was Crompton Greaves in 1937,[7] currently in Kanjur Marg. Currently, almost all of the industries in Bhandup are in Bhandup West, including CEAT Tyres, Asian Paints Ltd, BASF, and the Indian Smelting And Refining Company Limited. Apart from these big companies, there are several small-scale manufacturing units all over Bhandup West.

The presence of a large number of industries, coupled with large traffic flows throughout the day, led to Bhandup's air being one of the worst in Mumbai in 1999.[8] However, several of the polluting industries have moved out of Mumbai since, leading to slightly better air quality.

Pink visitors - Flamingos in Mumbai.jpg

Bhandup has Asia's biggest water filtration plant. The eastern sections of Kanjurmarg and Nahur blend into Bhandup without clear demarcation.

Retail[edit]

In recent years, several mall construction projects have been initiated in Bhandup. One reason for Bhandup being a prime location for malls is its proximity to affluent areas like Powai and Mulund. In the past few years, several industries in Bhandup have shifted or started shifting out of Mumbai, rendering vast tracts of land vacant. These land-plots are being used for construction of huge residential complexes, in turn, providing the customer base for these malls.[citation needed]

Dreams the Mall, being developed by Satra Properties, is one of the biggest malls in Bhandup. It is located close to Bhandup Railway Station. Neptune Magnet Mall is a shopping mall that is part of a satellite township, Living Point, comprising six towers of 22 stories each being developed by Neptune group.[9] Some of the other malls in the area include the Leo Mall and a shopping space being developed by HBS Centrix.[10]


Transport[edit]

Bhandup is connected with the rest of the city through the road network. The arterial road of Bhandup West is the Agra Road i.e. L.B.S. Marg, while Bhandup East is flanked by the Eastern Express highway. Four buses (numbers 453, 545 and 603), however, pass through Bhandup East, as the area is relatively sparsely populated. There is also a special bus service in the mornings for female commuters, going from Bhandup to Andheri. There is also a special State Transport Bus service in the morning which run between Bhandup and CWC (Navi Mumbai) and Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport Corporation runs a bus (route no 144) through Bhandup East which plies between Andheri East and Airoli.[citation needed]

Bhandup is also a railway station on the Central line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway network,[citation needed] between KanjurMarg and Nahur.[citation needed]

Schools[edit]

There are over 35 schools in Bhandup. Most of these schools are affiliated with the Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education.[citation needed]

  • NES High School and Junior College
  • Pawar Public School, L.B.S. Marg, Bhandup (W)
  • Adarsh Vidyalay, Bhandup East (Marathi medium)
  • Ahilya Vidyalaya (Jamil Nagar)
  • Ahilya Vidyalaya (Utkarsh Nagar)
  • B.E.S English High School, Next to Railway station, Bhandup (East)
  • B.P.E.S. High School, Pratap Nagar, Bhandup (W)
  • Cosmos English High School & Jr. College Bhandup (West)
  • Gurunanak English High School
  • I D U B S High School and Jr. COLLEGE Bhandup (W)
  • IES School, Bhandup East (English/Marathi medium)
  • Navjeevan Vidyamandir & Jr. College
  • New English School Dockyard Colony Kanjur West
  • R.S.S Vidya Mandir English/Hindi Bhandup west
  • Sahyadri Vidyamandir,Shivaji Talav,Bhandup West,Mumbai-78.
  • Shree Saraswati Vidyamandir Bhandup (West)
  • St.Francis Xavier's High School Bhandup (East)
  • St. Xavier's High School & Jr. College Bhandup (West)
  • Yashwant Chandaji Sawant Vidyamandir, Utkarsh Nagar, Bhandup (West)

Colleges[edit]

Bhandup has four major accredited colleges, out of which two are in Bhandup (East) and two in Bhandup (West). All of them are affiliated to the University of Mumbai.[citation needed] The breakup is as follows:

Name of college Vidyadhiraja High School & Jr College Location Tata Nagar, Bhandup(East) NAAC accreditation status Class levels Junior College
NES Ratnam College Of Arts, Science & Commerce N.E.S. Marg, Bhandup (West) A[11] Junior college to Postgraduate
V. K. Krishna Menon College of Commerce and Economics & Science Bhandup (East) B[11] Junior college to Postgraduate
Ramanand Arya D. A. V. College, Station Road Datar Colony, Bhandup (East) A[11] Junior college to Bachelors
Jijamata Junior College, Maharashtra Nagar Bhandup (West) B[11] Junior college to Bachelors
Shri Ram College of Commerce, Subhash Nagar Bhandup (West) B[11] Junior college to Postgraduate

Mount Merry English High school Tulshetpada Bhandup West

Sports[edit]

Football[edit]

Bhandup has several Football clubs which are members of the Mumbai District Football Association (MDFA), including the Sunday Boys Football Club, the GKW Rangers, Ushanagar Youth CluB, DATAR CHAMP'S Football Club(DC), Samarth Garden Football Club(S.G.F.C), UshaComplex Football club (U.C.F.C).And Gunners Football Club and GN Boys and also Satya Vijay Football Club (SVFC).[citation needed]

Bhandup also has its own football association called the Bhandup Suburb Football Association (BSFA).[citation needed]

Cricket[edit]

Bhandup has several cricket clubs.

Social organisations[edit]

There are several social organisations in Bhandup of which Sarvajanik Pooja Samiti bhandup village east, founded in 1946, is the oldest, followed by Adrash Sports Club (1956), followed by Vijay Krida Mandal, Shree Saibhajan Sanskrutik Mandal (Bhandup), Vikas Mandal, Sai Vihar, Prajapita Brahma Kumaris Ishwariya Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jeevan Vidya Mission and the Rotary Club of Mumbai Bhandup.[citation needed]

Notable people from Bhandup[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Tha'na. Places of Interest. Vol. XIV. Bombay: Government Central Press. 1882. pp. 44–45.
  2. ^ Edwardes, S. M. (1902). The Rise of Bombay, A Retrospect. Bombay: Government of Bombay. p. 17.
  3. ^ General Report on the Administration of the Bombay Presidency, For the Year 1873-74. Bombay: Government of Bombay. 1875. pp. 455–456.
  4. ^ "Indian Railways-Introduction". Archived from the original on 16 October 2008. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
  5. ^ "Development of Railways in India". Indian Railways Fan Club. Archived from the original on 15 March 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  6. ^ a b Pendharkar, S. P. (1 September 2003). "Population and Employment Profile of Mumbai Metropolitan Region" (PDF). Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 April 2019. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  7. ^ Rairikar, B. R.; Chaudhari, Shri K. K. "Greater Bombay District: Industries". Maharashtra State Gazetteers. Archived from the original on 9 August 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  8. ^ Nagaraj, Anuradha (29 October 1999). "Fretting about fumes". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 30 August 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Metro buys retail space in Mumbai". The Times Of India. 6 February 2007. Archived from the original on 14 April 2019. Retrieved 21 October 2008.
  10. ^ Banerjee, Urmimala (24 July 2008). "Bhandup (West) gets a makeover". Mid Day. Archived from the original on 14 April 2019. Retrieved 21 October 2008.
  11. ^ a b c d e NAAC-Maharashtra institutions