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Bharat Dynamics Limited

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Bharat Dynamics Limited
Company typePublic Sector Undertaking
Founded1970; 54 years ago (1970)
HeadquartersBharat Dynamics Limited Corporate Office,
Financial District, Nanakramguda,
Hyderabad, India
Area served
Key people
Commodore A Madhavarao
(Chairman & MD)
RevenueIncrease3,095.20 crore (US$370 million) (2020)[1]
Increase2,828.81 crore (US$340 million) (2020)[1]
Increase1,793.83 crore (US$210 million) (2020)[1]
Total assetsDecrease5,468.41 crore (US$660 million) (2019)[2]
Total equityIncrease2,268.54 crore (US$270 million) (2019)[2]
OwnerGovernment of India (74.93%) [3]
Number of employees
3,030 (March 2019) [2]
ParentMinistry of Defence, Government of India
Websitebdl-india.in Edit this at Wikidata

Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) is one of India's manufacturers of ammunitions and missile systems. It was founded in 1970 in Hyderabad, India.[4] BDL was established to be a manufacturing base for guided weapon systems and begun with a pool of engineers drawn from Indian Ordnance Factories, DRDO and aerospace industries, It began by producing a first generation anti-tank guided missile - the French SS11B1. While fulfilling its basic role as a weapons system manufacturer, BDL has built up in-house R&D capabilities primarily focusing on design and engineering activities.[5][6] BDL has three manufacturing units, located at Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad; Bhanur, Medak district, and Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.

Two new units are planned at Ibrahimpatnam, Ranga Reddy district, Telangana and Amravati, Maharashtra.



India began to develop indigenous missiles through the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), which gave BDL an opportunity to be closely involved with the programme wherein it was identified as the prime production agency. This opened up a plethora of opportunities to assimilate advanced manufacturing and programme management technologies and skills. Responding to the concurrent engineering approaches adopted by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), BDL was seen as a reliable and trust worthy partner, and resulted in the induction of India's first state-of-the-art surface-to-surface missile Prithvi. BDL has delivered Prithvi to the three services as per requirements. BDL has forayed into the field of under water weapon systems and air-to-air missiles and associated equipment with technology support from the DRDO and other players in this domain.



BDL has been consistently incurring profits and has been nominated as a Mini Ratna – Category-I Company by the Government of India. Showing steady progress in its operations over the years, BDL achieved a record sales turnover of 1,075 crore in 2012–13. BDL has orders worth over ₹1,800 crore. Keeping pace with the modernisation of the Indian Armed Forces, BDL is poised to enter new avenues of manufacturing covering a wide range of weapon systems such as: surface-to-air missiles, air defence systems, heavy weight torpedoes, air-to-air missiles, making it a defence equipment manufacturer. BDL has also entered into the arena of refurbishment of old missiles.

Products and services


Indigenous Missiles


BDL is the nodal agency for the production of missiles developed by India. The first such missile that entered production of dynamics with BDL was the Prithvi missile.[7]

BDL manufactures a range of missiles for the Indian Armed Forces some prominent products are listed below:

In 1998, BDL produced Agni-I were inducted into the Indian Armed Forces. BDL also manufactures other missiles and systems for the Indian Armed Forces

Akash (Sanskrit: आकाश Ākāś "Sky") is a medium-range surface-to-air missile defence system developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), and supported by Ordnance Factories Board and Bharat Electronics (BEL) in India.[8][9][10] The missile system can target aircraft up to 30 km away, at altitudes up to 18,000 m.[11] A pre-fragmented warhead could potentially give the missile the capability to destroy both aircraft and warheads from ballistic missiles.[12][13] It is in operational service with the Indian Army and the Indian Air Force.

It can be launched from a Ship, Helicopter, or Submarine and is available as both war shot/exercise modes. Homing can be passive/active/mixed modes. It has multiple search pattern capabilities.

  • Counter Measures Dispensing Systems

Counter Measures Dispensing System (CMDS) is a chaff and flare dispensing system. CMDS is an airborne defensive system providing self-protection to the aircraft by passive ECM against radar-guided and IR-seeking, air and ground-launched missiles. Protection to the aircraft is achieved by misguiding the missiles by dispensing chaff, and/or flare payloads.

This is a second-generation, semi-automatic, tube-launched, optically tracked missile with a tandem warhead.

This is a second-generation, semi-automatic, antitank, tube-launched, optically tracked, wire-guided and aero-dynamically controlled missile. It is designed to destroy moving and stationary armoured targets with Explosives Reactive Armour at a range of 75 to 4000 metres.

Salient Features: Can be launched either from BMP-2 or from the ground launcher. Tandem Warhead Simple in operation and immune to Electronic Countermeasures High hit and kill probability Portable and Para droppable. Hermetically sealed ensuring long storage life.

  • Invar

Invar is a weapon fired from the Gun barrel of T-90 Tank. The missile has a semi-automatic control system, tele-orienting in the laser beam. This is a high-velocity jamming immune missile with a tandem warhead designed to defeat explosive reactive armour. Intended to destroy stationary and moving targets with speeds up to 70 km/h.


  1. ^ a b c "Financial Results 31.03.2020 Data from BSE Site".
  2. ^ a b c "Balance Sheet 31.03.2019".
  3. ^ "Latest Shareholding Pattern - Bharat Dynamics Ltd". trendlyne.com. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Bharat Dynamics Limited". Bdl.ap.nic.in. Archived from the original on 30 December 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  6. ^ https://bdl-india.in/sites/default/files/2021-07/Brochure_02_July_2021.pdf [bare URL PDF]
  7. ^ "Defence test-fires two Prithvi-2 missiles in quick succession". The Hindu Business Line. 13 October 2009. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  8. ^ "AKASH AIR DEFENSE WEAPON SYSTEM". Archived from the original on 15 January 2008. Retrieved 28 March 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  9. ^ AkashSAM.com Archived 28 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Journal of Electronic Defense Staff (2004). "Guided Threat Systems". International Electronic Countermeasures Handbook. Artech House. p. 115. ISBN 1-58053-898-3.
  11. ^ Asian tribune: Upgraded version of ‘Akash’ test fired; By Hemanta Kumar Rout[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ http://news.biharprabha.com/2012/05/india-successfully-tests-medium-range-akash-missile/ India successfully tests medium Range Akash missile
  13. ^ [1] Nuclear-capable Akash missile test fired
  14. ^ "Bharat Dynamics Limited". ap.nic.in. Archived from the original on 27 July 2009.