Bharat Jangam

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Bharat Jangam
Bharat Jangam.png
Born(1947-11-25)25 November 1947
Bhaktapur, Nepal
OccupationWriter, poet, journalist, Hindu activist, anti-corruption activist

Bharat Jangam, also known as Bharat Mani Jangam (Nepali: भरत जङम, born 25 November 1947) is a novelist and freelance journalist from Nepal. He is best known for the book Kalo Surya (Nepali:कालॊ सूय॔). Bharat Jangam is a creator of the "science of anticorruption" in the academic arena. His neo-science is based on modern problems of humans, which is at present in the process of testing and developing in Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu.[1][2] He is also a Hindu activist.

Early life[edit]

Bharat Jangam was born on 25 November 1947 in an historically and architecturally renowned city called in Bhaktapur of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. He started his literary works during his childhood. At the age of 15, his poems were published in the local literary magazine for the first time, and gradually stories, essays, articles etc. were published. He graduated from the Tribhuvan University in 1970. After his studies, he himself exhibited as a novelist and journalist in Nepalese society.


In 1979, he made a sensation in the country by releasing his first novel Kalo Surya (Nepali: कालॊ सूय॔) (The Black Sun). Though the country was ruled by the corrupt people of the partyless panchayat system when writing against the system was a big crime, he fearlessly released his book which explains the exploitation and suppression from the so-called rulers of that system. This book gained popularity in a very short time among the Nepalese readers and to make it acquainted with the foreign readers. It was translated into English language in 1990 and came into the world market in the name of The Black Sun. Later in 1992 it was translated into Russian and Chinese and 1993, it came out in the market in Hindi language with the name Kala Suraj (Hindi: काला सूरज). Then it was again published in Bengali and Urdu languages from Bangladesh. It was then published in Assami and Kanada languages from India as well.

His next novel, Byuha Chakra (The Vicious Circle) was written in 1984. He has given a transparent view of the aristocratic rulers, nonpolitical system and has pointed out its weaknesses. This book is mainly based on the monstrous circles of all kinds of corruption caused by the ruthless rulers of the partyless panchayat system that crumbled during the recent democratic uprising in 1990. The novel became very popular in the country and was later translated into English and Hindi languages in India.

In 1988, he was an editor and publisher of the weekly newspaper Nepal Awaz (Nepali: नॆपाल आवाज) for 3 years, from 1988, and made great contribution in the development and stability of the democracy in the country through journalism. He was also a regular columnist on political situation in Nepal and later it was consolidate in a book and was released in the name of Pachas Prasang in 1992.

In 1993, he released another novel Rato Gham (Nepali: रातॊ घाम) (The Red Sun), a novel, whose story surrounds in the socio-economic problems in Greater China after 1949's great revolution and after the implementation of Mao-Tse-Tungs's neo-proletarian thoughts. It also focuses on the pitiable condition of the Tibetan people after the invasion of the Tibet and exposes the Human Rights Violation. In this book, Mr. Jangam has indirectly called for the liberation of 1.5 billion people of China who have been suppressed by the Communist Regime. He has given his views that any decision that is made by human mind is not, and cannot be, final. Human beings keep willing to change at every pace. Being a Nepali by origin, he has succeeded to narrate the ins and outs of then present China. After receiving commendation and popularity from all circles of intellectuals, it was translated into English and Hindi language in the same year in India. In the same year (1993) he published Nepali Congress Ko Samanya Gyan (a book of general knowledge of Nepali Congress Party). In 1996 he started an anti-corruption movement. In 1999 he started Interaction program in colleges and university to develop a new subject 'Science of Anti-corruption'. He published Bhrastachar: Baicharik Andolan in 2004.[3] [4]

He has been involve in anti-corruption movement since 1970 and in 2016 he was able to develop a science of anticorruption called Anticorruptology. Anticorruptology is the science to study the phenomenon of corruption and build evidence based knowledge to fight it. Due to this contribution of science of anticorruption, he is also called father of Anticorruption science.

Books and publications[edit]

This first and the most famous novel Kalo Surya (Nepali: कालॊ सूय॔) has been translated into English, Hindi, Urdu, Chinese, Russian, Japanese, Assami, Maithali, Kanada and Newari languages. He has written several other books in Nepali language, of which some are translated into other foreign languages. Rato Gham (Nepali: रातॊ घाम) and Biuha Chakra (Nepali: व्य़ूह चॠ)are translated into English and Hindi languages.

  • Kalo Surya (Nepali: कालॊ सूय॔ ) ISBN 99946-34-24-0
  • Red Sun (Nepali: रातॊ घाम)
  • Biuha Chakra (Nepali:व्य़ूह चॠ)
  • Pachas Prasang (Nepali:पचास प्र)
  • Nepali Congress Ko Samanya Gyan (Nepali: नेपाली कागेसकॊ सामन्य य़ान)
  • Bichar ra Dristikond (Nepali:बिचार र बिमस॔). ISBN 99946-688-0-3
  • Bhrastachar: Baicharik Andolan (Nepali: भष्टाचार: वैचारिक आन्दोलन). ISBN 99946-30-09-1
  • Khopadesh (Nepali:ख्वपदॆश). ISBN 978-9937-2-1375-2
  • Urliyeka Lahar Haru (Nepali:उलिंएका लहरहरू). ISBN 993720385-6
  • Chachalkiyeka Rahar Haru (Nepali:छचल्किएका रहरहरू). ISBN 999462176-9
  • Nirband Bandan (Nepali:निर्बन्ध बन्धन)

Translated version of the books[edit]

Kalo Surya[edit]

Kalo Surya originally in Nepali has been translated into several languages:
The Black sun in English by Saroj Kumar Sakya
Kala Suraj in Hindi by Dr. Ram Dayal Rakesh
Hai Thayang in Chinese by Zhou and lee
Chorne Suns in Russian by Alekhgendar Pablov
Kuraji Taiyo in Japanese by Kaji Hito Sahegi
Kalo Surya in Bengali by Sehabuddin Ahamad
Kala Suraj in Urdu by S.A. Sidhiqi
Kala Khurj in Assamese by Geeta Upadhyaya
Kari Suraj in Maithali by Dr. Ram Dayal Rakesh
Hakumha Suryadyo in Newari by Druba Madhkarmi
Kappu Surya in Kannada by Prof. Nagrajan

Rato Gham[edit]

Rato Gham originally in Nepali has been translated into two languages:
The Red Sun in English by Saroj Kumar Sakya
Lal Suraj in Hindi by Dr. Ram Dayal Rakesh

Biuha Chakra[edit]

Biuha Chakra originally in Nepali has been translated into two languages:
The Vicious Circle in English by Saroj Kumar Sakya
Chakra Byuha in Hindi by Hari Pandya

Other books[edit]

  • Bharatendu Nepali भरतेन्दु is a Mahākāvya written by P. Yagyabakya describing the life of Bharat Jangam.
  • Kaljahi byaktityo Bharat JangamNepali कालजयी व्यळित्व भरत जङम(ISBN 99946-2-031-2) by Hari Manjushree (Nepali हरि मन्जु) is the collection of articles written about Bharat Jangam on his achievements on different aspects of life.

Anticorruption activist[edit]

In 1996, Bharat Jangam started interaction program in colleges and university to develop a new subject 'Science of Anti-corruption'.[5] A notion "Science of Anticorruption" is an invaluable gift to the Academic-World. He has published hundreds of articles and presented dozens of papers in various seminars and meetings on anti-corruption. He is also a founder and president of the 'Forum for Independent Thinking'. The Forum has launched many activities against corruption and turmoil in Nepalese society. On 25 Dec 2011, he started the national Campaign against Corruption in the 75 districts in Nepal. [6] The team plans to start its anti-corruption drive from Mahakali, the western order of the country and conclude it in Mechi, the eastern border. [7][8]

Bharat Jangam filed the writ in Supreme Court to stop constituent Assembly term extension in Nepal. [9]

Advocate Bharat Jangam also filed a writ petition on supreme court demanding annulment of the government decision to provide lifelong state facilities to former Prime Ministers, Chief Justices, Home Ministers and Speakers.[10] The Supreme Court issued an interim order asking the government not to implement the ordinance introduced to provide lifelong state facilities to the former VVIPs. [11]

[12] [13][14] [15][16][17] Anticorruption talk programme by Bharat Jangam was held on 9 August in Kathmandu organized by FAAN (Fulbright Alumni Association).[18]

He is also developing the science called anticorruptology. It is a branch of science which deals with the study of anticorruption and its different aspects. Anticorruptology is a branch of social science.[16][19][20]

On 22 March 2018, Tribhuvan University has decided to introduce course on “Anti-Corruption Studies” in Master’s Degree on the base of Anticorruptology which is a science of Anticorruption. Bharat Jangam is an author of Anticorruptology in the academic arena. Tribhuvan University will become the first university to begin the study of Anti-Corruption in the world. It is a landmark in the World Academic Field.[21]

Pashupatinath Temple[edit]

Bharat Mani Jangam is also dubbed "Pashupatinath Temple's lawyer" for frequently challenging the state's moves to interfere in the running of the 7th-century temple.[22] He filed a PIL in the Supreme Court, pleading to strike down the decision taken by the caretaker government to open the main treasury of the fifth-century shrine. He argued that the caretaker government has no right to open the more-than-2000-year-old treasury of the Hindu shrine.[23] In 2008–2009, he stayed against Nepal Maoist government's decision to sack the Indian priest at the Pashupati temple. Appointing Indian priests is the centuries-old tradition. The unprecedented opposition forced the then prime minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal prachanda to roll back the decision after five days.[24] He filed another petition against a Christian cemetery in Pashupatinath. He said non-Hindus should not be allowed to encroach on Hindu land. The forest is considered sacred by Hindus and is used by them to make offerings to their ancestors. If the Christians want a burial land, they should go to the government, not encroach on the land of a Hindu shrine that is also a UNESCO-declared World Heritage site.[25]

Doleshwor Mahadev[edit]

Sheela Lekh in Doleshwar Mahadev, Bhaktapur, Nepal

Bharat Jangam had been claiming and researching that Doleshwar Mahadev is the head part of Shri Kedarnath ji for years. On 22 August 2009 the chief priest of Shri Kedarnath ji temple, Kedarnath Swarup Bhimashankar Langa Shankarcharya unveiled the plaque claiming that Doleswore mahadev, located in Jangam math Bhaktapur, is the head part of Shri Kedarnath. This is also mentioned in the Sheela Lekh at the Doleshwar Mahadev. [26][27]


  1. ^ Neupane, Bikash Raj (13 May 2013). "Bharat Jangam Active Anticorruption in Nepal". Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  2. ^ Neupane, Bikash Raj (13 May 2013). Bharat Jangam "Active Anticorruption in Nepal". Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  3. ^ A Writer from NEPAL! (10 February 2011). "Bharat Jangam Novelist, Historian, Activist".
  4. ^ "A Writer from NEPAL!". wordpress. 2 November 2009.
  5. ^ "Biography". The Himalayan. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  6. ^ "Jangam concludes anti-graft drive in Far-west". The Himalayan. 25 December 2011. Archived from the original on 28 November 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  7. ^ "Anti-corruption campaign team arrives in Darchula". The Himalayan. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 28 November 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  8. ^ Anti Corruption Movement. YouTube (video). 30 June 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  9. ^ Luitel, Ananta Raj. "Writ filed in SC to stop CA term extension". The Himalayan. Archived from the original on 28 November 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  10. ^ "SC stays ordinance on state facilities to VVIPs". 31 July 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  11. ^ "Writ filed against ordinance on VIP perks". 26 July 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
  12. ^ "Writ filed against move to form CJ led government; leaders claim the proposal came from foreigners". 17 February 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
  13. ^ "SC moved against decision to form CJ-led govt". 17 February 2013. Archived from the original on 20 February 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
  14. ^ "6 prashna 2013-02-18 on News24 TV". 19 February 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
  15. ^ "Focus of the day Bharat Jangam Part 01". 2 March 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
  16. ^ a b "Focus of the day_Bharat_Jangam Part 02". 2 March 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
  17. ^ "Focus of the day_Bharat_Jangam Part 03". 2 March 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
  18. ^ "Talk Programme on Anticorruption by Bharat Jangam, organized by FAAN". August 12, 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  19. ^ "Kalo Surya About Anticorruptology". 22 Jun 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  20. ^ "Kaalo Surya Programme Organized by Anticorruption Movement Nepal about Anticorruptology Baisakh". 25 Aug 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  21. ^ "Anti-Corruption Studies in Master's Degree". 6 April 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  22. ^ TNN (21 February 2011). "Nepal's bid to 'commercialise' Shivaratri under dispute". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  23. ^ "Nepal govt dragged to court over Pashupatinath's treasury row". The Indian Express. 30 January 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  24. ^ "Pashupatinath wins first battle against new Nepal government". Thaindian News. 10 February 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  25. ^ IANS (6 April 2011). "Nepal's Christians, Hindus head for clash over burial ground". Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  26. ^ IANS (12 August 2009). "4,000-year-old Mahabharata relic found in Nepal? (with images)". Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  27. ^ Prasai, Dirgha Raj. "Hindu shrine: Pashupatinath (Lord Shiva) and Shivaratri in Nepal". The Indian Post. Retrieved 7 July 2012.

External links[edit]