Bharat Nirman

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Bharat Nirman
CountryIndia
Prime Minister(s)Manmohan Singh

Bharat Nirman is an Indian business plan for creating and augmenting basic rural infrastructure. It comprises projects on irrigation, roads (Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana), housing (Indira Awaas Yojana), water supply (National Rural Drinking Water Programme), electrification (Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana) and telecommunication connectivity.

Objectives[edit]

Bharat Nirman is a business plan for rural infrastructure which was implemented by the Government of India in order to provide some basic amenities to the rural India.[1]

Water Supply[edit]

Bharat Nirman was launched by the Government of India in 2005. Providing rural areas with safe drinking water facilities was one of the key objectives of the plan. It got implemented during 2005-06 to 2008-09 . The plan aimed to cover 55,067 un-covered and 3.31 lakh under developed areas with safe drinking water facilities. It also aimed to improve the quality standard of drinking water of 2.17 lakh areas which had poor quality water supplies.[2]

Bharat Nirman - Rural Drinking Water, Target and Achievement During (2005-06 to 2008-09)[edit]

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana marker in a village in Punjab
Sl. No. State/UT TARGET ( BALANCE AS OF 1.4.2005) COVERAGE
Uncovered Slipped Back Quality affected Habs Total Uncovered Slipped Back Quality affected Habs Total
1 Andhra Pradesh 0 29744 4050 33794 0 28598 2611 31209
2 Arunachal Pradesh 668 2752 0 3420 668 870 401 1939
3 Assam 7375 10636 8119 26130 7375 8829 2478 18682
4 Bihar 0 47597 776 48373 0 42705 6306 49011
5 Chhattisgarh 0 19007 5021 24028 0 29547 1042 20589
6 Goa 6 0 0 6 6 1 0 7
7 Gujarat 36.0 4389 8717 13142 36 6046 3551 9633
8 Haryana 0 2506 361 2867 0 2860 205 3065
9 Himachal Pradesh 6891 9308 0 16199 6891 9653 0 16544
10 Jammu and Kashmir 3211 3138 49 6398 3211 782 0 3993
11 Jharkhand 0 17225 168 17393 0 17005 457 17462
12 Karnataka 5618 809 21008 27435 5618 8578 3238 17434
13 Kerala 7573 421 867 8861 7573 3946 691 12210
14 Madhya Pradesh 0 37269 5381 42650 0 38512 559 39071
15 Maharashtra 17738 11579 3787 33104 17738 13987 3622 35347
16 Manipur 0 80 37 117 0 517 0 517
17 Meghalaya 251 4341 160 4752 251 3562 98 3911
18 Mizoram 112 271 26 409 112 363 26 501
19 Nagaland 731 202 157 1090 731 614 46 1391
20 Odisha 0 14900 32254 47154 0 39902 5124 45026
21 Punjab 1931 5247 2093 9271 1786 2198 703 4687
22 Rajasthan 2300 33680 41072 77052 1871 26897 5355 34123
23 Sikkim 74 783 0 857 74 510 0 584
24 Tamil Nadu 0 44080 5574 49654 0 33123 1300 34423
25 Tripura 0 651 7031 7682 0 825 683 1508
26 Uttar Pradesh 0 19886 5062 24948 0 24629 3853 28482
27 Uttarakhand 272 7562 0 7839 237 5611 0 5848
28 West Bengal 0 3536 65156 68692 0 7625 7728 15363
29 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 102 0 26 128 94 0 0 94
30 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 60 0 0 60 60 0 0 60
31 Daman and Diu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 Lakshadweep 10 0 0 10 0 0 0 0
34 Pondicherry 108 0 16 124 108 57 91 256
35 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Example TOTAL 55067 331604 216968 603639 54440 358362 50168 462970

[3][dead link]

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana[edit]

The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched on December 25, 2000. The primary objective of PMGSY is to provide good quality all-weather roads in all the rural areas where urban-rural road connectivity is found to be very weak.[4] All unconnected habitations with a population of more than 500 persons has been provided connectivity by 2007.[5]

Housing[edit]

The main objective is to provide housing facilities to the rural areas of India. According to the plan the government of India will construct 60 lac houses for the rural areas by 2009. The scheme under this is named as Indira Awaas Yojana and is governed by the Ministry of Rural Development. It is mainly sponsored by the central government. The ratio of the sponsorship between the center and the state is 75:25.[6]

Telecom[edit]

This plan aims to supply telecommunication facilities to remote areas of rural areas. It aims in increasing the rural telecommunication facilities by 40%. It also aims to supply broadband and Bharat Nirman Seva Kendras in 2.5 lac Panchayats. According to this plan the government of India will connect each and every village by telecommunication facilities. The plan is taken care of by the Department of Telecom which fall under the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology. There are 66,822 villages which are still left to be covered.[7]

Rural Teledensity (for the month of February 2011)

SL.No. Circle/State Percentage of Rural Teledensity as of March 31, 2009 Percentage of Rural Teledensity as of February 28, 2011
1 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 16.57 31.75%
2 Andhra Pradesh 15.22 33.19%
3 Assam 9.36 23.36%
4 Bihar 9.17 26.41%
5 Chhattisgarh 1.81 2.77%
6 Gujarat 25.21 45.81%
7 Haryana 28.10 51.36%
8 Himachal Pradesh 40.47 68.68%
9 Jammu and Kashmir 16.72 29.13%
10 Jharkhand 1.44 2.35%
11 Karnataka 14.36 34.26%
12 Kerala 35.43 52.65%
13 Madhya Pradesh 11.07 28.95%
14 Maharashtra (including Goa) 21.70 45.25%
15 NORTH-EAST- I (comprising Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura) 14.67 50.34%
16 NORTH-EAST- II (comprising Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland) 3.69 7.78%
17 Odisha 12.55 28.07%
18 Punjab 33.11 55.45%
19 Rajasthan 16.71 38.14%
20 Tamil Nadu 25.62 47.53%
21 Uttarakhand 6.04 9.46%
22 Uttar Pradesh 10.24 26.47%
23 West Bengal (including Sikkim) 13.50 35.22%
24 Kolkata - -
25 Chennai - -
26 Delhi - -
27 Mumbai - -
ALL- INDIA 15.11 32.99%

[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bharat Nirman, India.gov.in Archive
  2. ^ BHARAT NIRMAN - WATER SUPPLY, archived from the original on 6 September 2011
  3. ^ "rural drinking water" (PDF).
  4. ^ Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna http://www.india.gov.in/sectors/rural/pradhan_manthri.php
  5. ^ http://rural.nic.in/annual0203/chap-3.pdf
  6. ^ "housing". Archived from the original on 28 October 2011.
  7. ^ "telephone". Archived from the original on 20 October 2011.
  8. ^ "table 1". Archived from the original on 20 October 2011.