Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

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Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
State-owned enterprise
Industry Telecommunications
Founded 1 October 2000 (2000-10-01)
Headquarters New Delhi, India
Key people
Anupam Shrivastava (Chairman & MD)
Services Fixed line and mobile telephony, Internet services, digital television, IPTV
Revenue Decrease 271.29 billion (2013)[1]
Increase -79.55 billion (2013)[1]
Increase -78.84 billion (2013)[1]
Total assets Decrease 956.89 billion (2013)[1]
Owner Government of India
Members 93.29 million[2] (June 2015)
Number of employees
BSNL Headquarters, New Delhi

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (abbreviated BSNL) is an Indian state-owned telecommunications company headquartered in New Delhi, India. It was incorporated on 15 September 2000 and took over the business of providing of telecom services and network management from the erstwhile Central Government Departments of Telecom Services (DTS) and Telecom Operations (DTO), with effect from 1 October 2000 on a going concern basis. It is the largest provider of fixed telephony and broadband services with more than 60% Market share and sixth largest mobile telephony provider in India. However, in recent years the company's revenues and market share have plummeted into heavy losses due to intense competition in the Indian telecommunications sector.[3][4] BSNL is India's oldest communication service provider and had a customer base of 93.29 million as of June 2015.[2] It has footprints throughout India except for Mumbai and New Delhi, which are managed by Mahanagar Telephone Nigam (MTNL).


Bsnl Mobile is major provider of GSM cellular mobile services under the brand name Cellone. BSNL provides complete telecom services solution to enterprise customers including MPLS, P2P and Internet leased lines. It provides fixedline services and landline using CDMA technology and its extensive optical fiber network. BSNL provides Internet access services through dial-up connection as prepaid, NetOne as Postpaid and DataOne as BSNL Broadband.[5][6]

BSNL offers value-added services, such as Free Phone Service (FPH), India Telephone Card (Prepaid card), Account Card Calling (ACC), Virtual Private Network (VPN), Tele-voting, Premium Rate Service (PRM), Universal Access Number (UAN).[7] BSNL also offers the IPTV which enables customers to watch television through internet and Voice and Video Over Internet Protocol (VVoIP).[8] In 2007, BSNL announced plans for providing 5 million broadband connectivity and secured 80% of the INR 25 billion rural telephony project of Government of India.[9] On 20 March 2009, BSNL launched blackcherry services across India. BSNL paid Rs. 101.87 billion for 3G spectrum in 2010.[10] As of 2011, BSNL offers coverage in over 800 cities across India.[11] BSNL launched in 2012 a 3G wireless pocket router named Winknet Mf50.[12] BSNL 3G provides HSPA+ service with highest speed of 21.1 Mbit/s downlink and 5.76 Mbit/s uplink.

BSNL announced the discontinuation of its telegram services from 15 July 2013, after 160 years in service. It was opened to the public in February 1855; in 2010 it was upgraded to a web-based messaging system in 2010, through 182 telegraph offices across India.[13][14]

Administrative units[edit]

BSNL is divided into a number of administrative units termed as telecom circles, metro districts, project circles and specialized units. It has 24 telecom circles, 2 metro districts, 6 project circles, 4 maintenance regions, 5 telecom factories, 3 training institutions and 4 specialised telecom units.[15]


BSNL enforces censorship of online content as per orders of Indian Department of Telecom.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss" (PDF). BSNL. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Telecom Subscription data, June 2015" (PDF). TRAI. Retrieved 28 November 2015. 
  3. ^ "DoT puts up roadblock in BSNL’s IPO plans". 11 June 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Special Correspondent (31 July 2010). "BSNL reports first-ever loss of Rs. 1,823 crore". Chennai, India: Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  5. ^ BSNL Broadband
  6. ^ NetOne
  7. ^ "BSNL Champion Trendy 531 Phablet Price - Specifications - Features". Mobiles Bug. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  8. ^ (9) Comments. "BSNL Launches VVoIP". Retrieved 17 September 2012. 
  9. ^ "BSNL bags 80% of Rs 2,500-crore rural mobile telephony project". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 28 March 2007. 
  10. ^ Pahwa, Nikhil (29 May 2010). "India’s 3G Auction Ends; Operator And Circle-Wise Results". MediaNama. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "BSNL 3G Services Now In 826 Cities In India". 15 July 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  12. ^ "BSNL releases 3G wireless pocket router". 
  13. ^ "BSNL decides to discontinue 160-year-old telegram service". The Times of India. 12 Jun 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  14. ^ Joshi, Sandeep (12 June 2013). "Dot, dash, full stop: Telegram service ends July 15". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  15. ^ "BSNL Units". 

External links[edit]