Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan

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Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan or BMMA ('Indian Muslim Women's Movement') is an autonomous, secular, rights-based mass organization led by Zakia Soman which fights for the citizenship rights of the Muslims in India.[1] The BMMA was formed in January 2007. The organisation is based in Mumbai.[2]

The BMMA has 30,000 members in 15 states, over the past six years.

BMMA conducted a Study[3][4][5] of Muslim women’s views on reforms in Muslim personal law— 'Seeking Justice Within the Family' across 10 states that revealed that an overwhelming 82% [6] of the over 4,000 women who were surveyed had no property in their name and that 78% were home makers with no income of their own.

“It is quite revealing that 95.5% poor women had not even heard of the All India Muslim Personal Law Board, yet the government and the people go by the decisions taken by these self-proclaimed leaders of the Muslim community,’’ said Zakia Soman, co-founder of the Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan.

The BMMA has demanded a ban on the practice of 'Triple Talaq' (verbal divorce).[7] It also petitioned the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Muslim Personal Law.[8] BMMA has backed Hindu women in the Shani Shingnapur Temple row.[9] It released a draft on June 23, 2014, 'Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act' recommending that polygamy be made illegal in Muslim Personal Law of India.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "About". Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
  2. ^ Hasan Suroor (6 January 2014). India's Muslim Spring. Rupa Publications. p. 52. ISBN 978-81-291-3164-5.
  3. ^ Dhar, Aarti. "Muslim Women Want Reforms in Personal Laws, Study Reveals". The Wire. Archived from the original on 2016-02-03. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
  4. ^ "Muslim Women's Views on Muslim Personal Law". Economic and Political Weekly. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
  5. ^ "Muslim women to mullahs: We are here, reform personal law or else… - Firstpost". Firstpost. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
  6. ^ "89% Muslim women want government hand in codification of law: Study | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dna. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
  7. ^ "Ban 'triple talaq', says Muslim women's group". ABP Live. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
  8. ^ "Muslim women petition PM on personal law - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
  9. ^ "United for a cause: Muslim group backs Hindu women in Shani Shingnapur temple row". Retrieved 2016-01-27.
  10. ^ The Hindu. No second wife, please