Bhati

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This article is about the tribe. For the medieval author, see Bhaṭṭikāvya. For the oven called a "bhatti", see Tandoor. For the region, see Bhati (region).
Bhati Gate, Lahore

Bhati (also spelled Bhatti)[1] is a clan of Gurjars,[2] Rajputs[3] of Chandravanshi origin,[4] and Jats found in South Asia.[5]

Some Bhatis were nomadic cattle-keepers. In the years preceding the Indian rebellion of 1857, these groups lost land by decisions made by the British East India Company, which assigned to Jat peasants grazing lands formerly frequented by the Bhatis in the Delhi and Haryana regions. The British were not enamoured of nomadic tribes, whom they thought exacted protection in the areas that they visited, and the policies of land reform were designed in part to limit this mobility.[6]

At least some of the Bhati Rajput of Rajasthan practised female infanticide between 1883-1998.[3] One princess, a daughter of the Hindu Bhati Rajput ruling family in Dipalpur, was married to Salar Rajab, a Muslim ruler, and gave birth to Firuz Shah Tughlaq. This was one of several examples of inter-religious royal marriage alliances during the period of Muslim rule in India.[7] Rajput Bhati princesses were also married into the royal family of Jodhpur.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Babb, Lawrence A.; Cort, John E.; Meister, Michael W. (2008). Desert Temples: Sacred Centers of Rajasthan in Historical, Art-historical, and Social Context. Rawat Publications. p. 98. ISBN 978-8-13160-106-8. 
  2. ^ Singh, Kumar Suresh, ed. (1998). India's communities. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-563354-2. The Hindu Gujjar have a number of clans (gotra), such as Bainsale, Bhati, Bankar, Korri, Dhame, Godhane, Khari, Nangari, Khatana Pedia, Peelwar, Tanwar, Fagna, Vidhuri, Vasatte and Lomor 
  3. ^ a b Bhatnagar, Rashmi Dube; Dube, Reena (2005). Female Infanticide in India: A Feminist Cultural History. SUNY Press. p. 254. ISBN 978-0-79146-327-7. 
  4. ^ Singh, Kumar Suresh, ed. (1998). India's communities. Oxford University Press. p. 301. ISBN 978-0-19-563354-2. Bargala, also known as Bhati Rajput, the Bargala live in Uttar Pradesh. They trace their origin to Chandravanshi Rajput ruler Jagpalii Vare Singh 
  5. ^ Zafar Iqbal Chaudhary (November 2009). "Epilogue: Bridging divides". Epilogue 3 (11): 48. 
  6. ^ Bayly, Christopher Alan (1990). Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire (Reprinted ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 143, 188–189. ISBN 978-0-52138-650-0. 
  7. ^ Sarkar, Jadunath (1994) [1984]. A History of Jaipur (Reprinted, revised ed.). Orient Blackswan. p. 37. ISBN 978-8-12500-333-5. 
  8. ^ Karve, Irawati Karmarkar (1968). Kinship Organization in India (Third ed.). Asia Publishing House. p. 168.