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Origin of name
This geographical area derives its name from the clan of Bhatis, who are Rajputs. The Battiana territories, traditionally controlled by the Bhatis, covered a part of modern Haryana and Punjab, and extended up to Bikaner, Rajasthan.
The region was devastated during the (late-14th century) invasion of the north-western parts of the Indian subcontinent by Timur. Thereafter, the regions fell under the control of the different rulers, including the Mughals, and with the weakening of the Mughals, became a part of the British Raj from mid-19th century. A district of Bhattiana was formed in 1837, but in 1858 it was transferred to the Punjab and absorbed into the Sirsa district, itself later divided up.
Bhattiana no longer exists as an administrative unit and these regions are the parts of the Republic of India. Current day Sirsa was essentially Bhattiana but also included parts of current day Fatehabad district such as Ratia and Rania.
- Elliot, Henry Miers (1869). Memoirs on the history, folk-lore, and distribution of the races of the North Western Provinces of India: being an amplified edition of the original supplemental glossary of Indian terms. Trübner & Co. p. 37.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bhattiana". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 845.
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