Bhattiprolu

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Bhattiprolu
భట్టిప్రోలు
Village
Buddhist Maha Stupa at Bhattiprolu
Buddhist Maha Stupa at Bhattiprolu
Bhattiprolu is located in Andhra Pradesh
Bhattiprolu
Bhattiprolu
Bhattiprolu is located in India
Bhattiprolu
Bhattiprolu
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 16°06′09″N 80°46′51″E / 16.1026°N 80.7807°E / 16.1026; 80.7807Coordinates: 16°06′09″N 80°46′51″E / 16.1026°N 80.7807°E / 16.1026; 80.7807
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Guntur
Mandal Bhattiprolu
Government
 • Type Panchayati raj
 • Body Bhattiprolu Gram Panchayat
 • Sarpanch Kambam Mariyamma
Area[1]
 • Total 25.15 km2 (9.71 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 6 m (20 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 11,092
 • Density 440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration AP
Bhattiprolu is one of the Holy relic sites of Andhra Pradesh

Bhattiprolu is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Bhattiprolu mandal in Tenali revenue division.[4] It also forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.[5]

History[edit]

The original name of Bhattiprolu was Pratipalapura, a flourishing Buddhist town in the ancient Sala kingdom that predated Andhra Satavahanas. From available inscriptional evidence, King Kuberaka was ruling over Bhattiprolu around 230 BC. Bhattiprolu is well known for its Buddha stupa (Vikramarka kota dibba) built about 3rd-2nd century BC.

The stupa and the script[edit]

Main article: Bhattiprolu alphabet

Three mounds were discovered in Bhattiprolu in 1870. In 1892 when excavations were undertaken by Alexander Rea, three inscribed stone relic caskets containing crystal caskets, relics of Buddha and jewels were found.[6] The stupa was found to be 40 meters in diameter with an additional basement of 2.4 meters wide running all around. The most significant discovery is the crystal relic casket of sarira dhatu of the Buddha from the central mass of the stupas. The Mahachaitya (great stupa) remains of a large pillared hall, a large group of ruined votive stupas with several images of Buddha, a stone receptacle containing copper vessel, which in turn, contained two more, a silver casket and within it, a gold casket enclosing beads of bone and crystal were found.

One of the earliest evidence of Brahmi script in South India comes from Bhattiprolu.[7] The script was written on an urn containing Buddha's relics. The script has been named the bhattiprolu alphabet. Historians surmise that this script gave rise to the Telugu Script and kannada script.[8]

"A manual of Krishna District - in the madras presidency: 1883" mentions Public Works Department at that time having demolished beautiful marble pillars, central casket and used the remains in the sluice flowing 2 miles east of bhattiprolu[9]

Geography[edit]

It is located at 16°06′09″N 80°46′51″E / 16.1026°N 80.7807°E / 16.1026; 80.7807 and at an elevation of 6 m (20 ft).[2]

Government and politics[edit]

Bhattiprolu gram panchayat is the local self-government of the village.[10][11] The panchayat has a total of 16 wards and each ward is represented by an elected ward member.[12] The ward members are headed by a sarpanch and the present sarpanch is Kambam Mariyamma.[13][14]

Transport[edit]

The village has connectivity with National Highway 214A which passes through the village. APSRTC operates buses from Tenali and Repalle via Bhattiprolu. Bhattiprolu railway station is located on Tenali–Repalle branch line and administered under Guntur railway division of South Central Railway zone.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook – Guntur" (PDF). Census of India. p. 14,474. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Bhattiprolu, India". fallingrain.com. 
  3. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "Adminsistrative divisions of Guntur district" (PDF). guntur.nic.in. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "District wise mandals and villages covered in Krishna and Guntur districts" (PDF). Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  6. ^ Sajnani, Manohar (2001). Encyclopaedia of tourism resources in India. New Delhi: Kalpaz Pub. p. 66. ISBN 978-81-7835-018-9. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  7. ^ Ananda Buddha Vihara
  8. ^ "Epigraphist extraordinaire". The Hindu. 
  9. ^ Mackenzie, Gordon (1883-01-01). A Manual of the Kistna District in the Presidency of Madras. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 9788120605442. 
  10. ^ "Gram Panchayat Identification Codes" (PDF). Saakshar Bharat Mission. p. 97. Retrieved 5 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Bhattiprolu Village Panchayat". National Panchayat Portal. Retrieved 6 May 2016. 
  12. ^ "Elected Representatives". National Panchayat Portal. Retrieved 6 May 2016. 
  13. ^ Social Science. Vk Publications. p. 117. ISBN 9788179732144. 
  14. ^ "List of elected Sarpanchas in Grampanchayat of Guntur district, 2013" (PDF). State Election Commission. Retrieved 5 June 2016. 
  15. ^ "Map of Bhattiprolu". Indiarailinfo. Retrieved 12 December 2014.