Bhava

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Translations of
भव
English"being, worldly existence, becoming, birth, be, production, origin";[1] "habitual or emotional tendencies."[2]
Paliभव
(bhava)
Sanskritभव
(IAST: bhava)
Glossary of Buddhism
Translations of
भाव
Englishfeeling, emotion, mood, becoming
Paliभाव
(bhāva)
Sanskritभाव
(IAST: bhāva)
Burmeseဘာဝ
(IPA: [bàwa̰])
Monဘာဝ
([həwɛ̀ʔ])
Sinhaleseභව or භවය
Glossary of Buddhism

The Sanskrit word "bhava" (भव) means "being, worldly existence, becoming, birth, be, production, origin,"[1] but also "habitual or emotional tendencies."[2]

In Buddhism, bhava is the tenth of the twelve links of Pratītyasamutpāda.[3] It is the link between the defilements, and repeated birth, that is, reincarnation.[4] In Thai Buddhism, bhava is also interpreted as habitual or emotional tendencies which leads to the arising of the sense of self, as a mental phenomenon.

In Buddhism[edit]

In Buddhism, bhava (not bhāva) means "being, worldly existence, becoming, birth, be, production, origin"[1] "experience,"[4] in the sense of rebirths and redeaths, because a being is so conditioned and propelled by the karmic accumulations;[4] but also "habitual or emotional tendencies."[2]

The term bhāva (भाव) is rooted in the term bhava (भव), and also has a double meaning, as "emotion, sentiment, state of body or mind, disposition and character",[5] and in some context also means "becoming, being, existing, occurring, appearance" while connoting the condition thereof.[6]

Bhava is the tenth of the twelve links of pratītyasamutpāda (dependent origination), which describes samsara, the repeated cycle of our habitual repsonses to sensory impressions which leads to renewed jāti, birth. Birth is usually interpeted as rebirth in one of the realms of existence, namely heaven, demi-god, human, animal, hungry ghost or hell realms (bhavacakra) of Buddhist cosmology.[4] In Thai Buddhism, bhava is also interpreted as the habitual or emotional tendencies which leads to the arising of the sense of self, as a mental phenomenon.

In the Jātakas, in which the Buddha didactically reminds various followers of experiences they shared with him in a past life, the hearers are said not to remember them due to bhava, i.e. to having been reborn.[7]

In Hinduism[edit]

Bhava appears in the sense of "becoming, being, existing, occurring, appearance" in the Vedanga literature Srauta Sutras, the Upanishads such as the Shvetashvatara Upanishad, the Mahabharata and other ancient Hindu texts.[8]

In Ramakrishna Mission[edit]

According to Swami Sivananda, there are three kinds of bhava – sattvic, rajasic and tamasic. Which predominates in a person depends on their own nature, but sattvic bhava is "Divine bhava" or pure bhava (Suddha bhava).[citation needed] Swami Nikhilananda classifies bhava as follows:[9]

  • śāntabhāva, the calm, peaceful, gentle or saintly attitude
  • dāsyabhāva, the attitude of devotion
  • sakhyabhāva, the attitude of a friend
  • vātsalyabhāva, the attitude of a mother towards her child
  • madhurabhāva (or kantabhava), the attitude of a woman in love
  • tanmayabhava, the attitude that the Lord is present everywhere

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Monier Monier-Williams (1899), Sanskrit English Dictionary, Oxford University Press, Archive: भव, bhava
  2. ^ a b c What is Habitual Tendencies? by Bhante Vimalaramsi and Sister Khanti-Khema
  3. ^ Julius Evola; H. E. Musson (1996). The Doctrine of Awakening: The Attainment of Self-Mastery According to the Earliest Buddhist Texts. Inner Traditions. pp. 67–68. ISBN 978-0-89281-553-1.
  4. ^ a b c d Thomas William Rhys Davids; William Stede (1921). Pali-English Dictionary. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 499. ISBN 978-81-208-1144-7.
  5. ^ भव, Sanskrit English Dictionary, Koeln University, Germany
  6. ^ Monier Monier-Williams (1899), Sanskrit English Dictionary, Oxford University Press, Archive: भाव, bhAva
  7. ^ Caroline A.F. Rhys Davids, Stories of the Buddha (Being Selections from the Jātakas), 1989, Dover Publications, Introduction, pp. xix, also see pp. 2,6,11,etc.
  8. ^ Monier Monier-Williams (1899), Sanskrit English Dictionary, Oxford University Press, Archive: भाव, bhAva
  9. ^ Swami Nikhilananda Vivekananda: The Yogas and Other Works Ramakrishna-Vivekananda Center, 1984 [1953] ISBN 0-911206-04-3 pp. 450-453.
Preceded by
Upādāna
Twelve Nidānas
Bhava
Succeeded by
Jāti