Location of district in Gujarat
|• Member of Parliament||Dr. Bhartiben Shiyal (BJP)|
|• Total||10,034 km2 (3,874 sq mi)|
|• Density||290/km2 (740/sq mi)|
|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||GJ 4|
Bhavnagar District is a district of southeastern Gujarat, India, on the Saurashtra peninsula. It is also known as Gohilwar as a major portion of Bhavnagar district, in very old times, was ruled by Gohil Rajputs,  after whom the entire Gohelwad prant was still named during the British Raj. The administrative headquarters is in the town of Bhavnagar.
Bhavnagar District covers an area of over 8334 km². The coastal area is mostly alluvium.
According to the 2011 census Bhavnagar district has a population of 2,880,365, roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica or the US state of Kansas. This gives it a ranking of 133rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 288 inhabitants per square kilometre (750/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.53%. Bhavnagar has a sex ratio of 931 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 76.84%.
Among the many historical places in Bhavnagar District are:
- Buddhist caves in Taleja,
- Statues of Seven Sisters in Rauhishala, and
- Gandhi Memorial and Sardar Memorial at Cresent Circle in the town of Bhavnagar.
Natural heritage sites
Velavadar Blackbuck National Park is the only tropical grassland in India recognised as a National park. It is spread over an area of 34.08 km2. The park contains mainly blackbuck, antelopes, nilgai, wolves, jackals, hyenas, jungle cats, fox, and wild boar. Endangered birds such as Houbara Bustard, Lesser Florican, Sarus White Storks, White Pelican, Montagu, and Pallid harrier also call the park home. Raptors including the Greater Spotted Eagle, Juvenile Imperial Eagle, Bonelli's Eagle, Short-toed Snake Eagle, and Long-legged Buzzard are also seen in the park. The climate in Velavdar National Park makes it one of the best places for the migrating birds to breed.
Piram Island is an island approximately 6 km offshore off Ghogha. It is said that this island was created about 3.5 million years ago. It is well known for its diversity of life, including many vulnerable or endangered species. There is a ruined fort which was built in 1325. The island has mangrove vegetation and also nesting site for two endangered species of sea turtle; Olive ridley sea turtle and Green sea turtle, and around fifty species of birds, mostly seabirds.
Notes and references
- "History". Bhavnagar District Panchayat, Gujarat Government. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013.
- Singhji, Virbhadra (1994). "The Gohil Rajputs". The Rajputs of Saurashtra. Bombay, India: Popular Prakashan. p. 38. ISBN 978-81-7154-546-9.
- "Maps of Gujarat's new 7 districts and changes in existing districts". Desh Gujarat. 13 August 2013. Archived from the original on 16 August 2013.
- "Taluka Panchayat". Bhavnagar District Panchayat, Gujarat Government. Archived from the original on 20 July 2013.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "Historical Places". Bhavnagar District Panchayat, Gujarat Government. Archived from the original on 26 June 2014.