Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao Pant Pratinidhi

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Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao Pant Pratinidhi
Meherban Shrimant Raja[1]
Balasaheb Pant Pratinidhi.jpg
Aundh flag.svg 9th Raja of Aundh State[2]
Reign1909 – 1947
PredecessorGopalkrishnarao Parashuram "Nana Sahib"
SuccessorShrimant Bhagwant Rao Trimbak "Bapu Sahib"
Born24 October 1868
Died13 April 1951

Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao Pant Pratinidhi C.B.E[3] (October 24, 1868 – April 13, 1951), popularly known as Balasaheb Pant Pratinidhi or Bhawanrao Balasaheb Pant Pratinidhi, was the ruler of the princely state of Aundh of British Raj during the reign (1909 – 1947).[2]

He is known for popularising the exercise sequence of Surya Namaskar, Salute to the Sun, now incorporated into modern yoga as exercise.


Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao was born to Meherban Shrimant Shriniwasrao Parashuram "Anna Sahib" (7th Raja of Aundh) on 24 October 1868. He studied at Satara High School and completed his Bachelor of Arts in Deccan College of University of Bombay in Pune.[4] He succeeded the Aundh State as the Raja on 4 November 1909. Although Balasaheb was not a scholar, he was avid reader and his Sanskrit was tolerably good.[4] He worked as Chief Secretary to his father from 1895-1901 in order to learn the Administration of the State.[5] He was a man of letters, an accomplished painter, and an erudite musical kirtankar. He presided over Marathi Sahitya Sammelan held in Indore in 1935.[6] He also served as the founding President of the Poona Sarvajanik Sabha.[7]

In the 1920s, he popularised the flowing sequences of salute to the sun, Surya Namaskar, containing popular asanas such as Uttanasana and upward and downward dog poses, helping to shape yoga as exercise.[8][9][10][11]


His second son Appa Sahib Pant served as Indian ambassador (1912-1992) in many countries. The Government of India honoured him in 1954, with the award of Padma Shri, the fourth highest Indian civilian award for his contributions to the society,[12] placing him among the first recipients of the award.


  • In 1946, he was awarded The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire - C.B.E.[13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ A Review of the Administration of the Presidency. Government Central Press. p. 8.
  2. ^ a b Pant 1989, p. 11.
  3. ^ The London Gezette, Volume 1. H M Stationery office. p. 57.
  4. ^ a b Pant 1989, p. 8.
  5. ^ Pant 1989, p. 9.
  6. ^ Pant 1989, p. 29.
  7. ^ "'पुणे सार्वजनिक सभे'चे अध्यक्षपद प्रथमच महिलेकडे". 29 March 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  8. ^ Doctor, Vikram (15 June 2018). "Bhawanrao Shrinivasrao Pant Pratinidhi: The man who promoted Surya Namaskar". The Economic Times (India).
  9. ^ Pant & Morgan 1938.
  10. ^ Goldberg 2016, pp. 180–207.
  11. ^ Mehta 1990, pp. 146-147.
  12. ^ "Padma Shri" (PDF). Padma Shri. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  13. ^ The London Gezette, Volume 1. H M Stationery office. p. 57.


External links[edit]

Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao Pant Pratinidhi
Born: c. 24 October 1868 Died: 13 April 1951
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Gopalkrishnarao Parashuram "Nana Sahib"
Raja of the Aundh State
1909 – 1947
Succeeded by
Shrimant Bhagwant Rao Trimbak "Bapu Sahib"