Bhilwara

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Bhilwara
City
Nickname(s): Textile City of Rajasthan, Manchester of Rajasthan
Bhilwara is located in Rajasthan
Bhilwara
Bhilwara
Location in Rajasthan, India
Bhilwara is located in India
Bhilwara
Bhilwara
Bhilwara (India)
Coordinates: 25°21′N 74°38′E / 25.35°N 74.63°E / 25.35; 74.63Coordinates: 25°21′N 74°38′E / 25.35°N 74.63°E / 25.35; 74.63
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictBhilwara
Elevation421 m (1,381 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total370,000
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Mewari
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN311001
ISO 3166 codeRJ-IN
Vehicle registrationRJ-06
Sex ratio1000/915[1] /
Websitebhilwara.rajasthan.gov.in

Bhilwara /blˈvɑːrə/ is a city in the Mewar region of Rajasthan, India. It is the seventh largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is the 121st largest city in India.

History[edit]

Stone Age tools dating from 5,000 to 2,00,000 years were found in Bundi and Bhilwara districts of the state.[2]

According to substantiation the present Bhilwara city had a mint where coins known as 'BHILADI' were minted and from this denomination was derived the name of the district. And other story goes like this that a tribe known as Bheel helped Maharana Pratap in war against Mughal Empire king Akbar lived in Bhilwara region that's this area came to be known as Bheel+Bada (Bheel's area) Bhilwara. Over the years it has emerged out as the one of the major cities of Rajasthan. Nowadays, Bhilwara is better known as the textile city in the country.

The oldest part of this town was set up in the middle of the 11th century by building a Krishna Radha mandir (temple) that still exists and is known as the Bada Mandir . The area that is now known as Purana Bhilwara (Patwari Mohalla, Junawas, Manikya Nagar Malikhera). There is also reference to Arjuna having fought here during the Mahabharata period. Historical records show that a town named Mandal close to Bhilwara served as the military base for the Mughals when they had attacked Chittaurgarh. The ruins of their campsite can still be seen today. A watch tower that was built on a small mound in Mandal is now a Devi temple. Mandal is also the place where the infamous aadhar card generation of Osama bin Laden happened. Total diameter of Bhilwara is nearly 70 km. There are only 5 statues of Panchmukhi Hanuman in entire world and one of them is in Bhilwara known as Panchmukhi Hanuman Darbar. There is a saying that this statue was built by a Sadhu for a Rich man and after that no one could move this statue from its place.

Rivers[edit]

Many seasonal rivers such as Kothari, Banas, Menali, Bedach, Khari and Mansi meander their way through Bhilwara. There are a number of ponds and dams in the district, but there is no natural lake.

Location[edit]

Bhilwara is located at 25°21′35″N 74°39′10″E / 25.359854°N 74.652791°E / 25.359854; 74.652791.[3] It has an average elevation of 421 metres (1381 feet). It falls between the districts of Ajmer (in north) and Chittorgarh and Udaipur (in south). Major rivers flowing through the district are Banas, Bedach, Kothari, Khari, Mansi, Menali, Chandrabhaga and Nagdi.

There is no natural lake in the district but there are number of ponds and dams so the district is the most irrigated in the state of Rajasthan.

Demographics[edit]

Population Growth of Bhilwara 
CensusPop.
194110,300
195129,700188.3%
196143,50046.5%
197182,10088.7%
1981122,30049.0%
1991184,00050.4%
2001280,12852.2%
2011359,48328.3%
source:[4]


Religions in Bhilwara City
Hinduism
79.50%
Islam
14.23%
Jainism
5.47%
Sikh
0.33%
Others
0.13%
Distribution of religions
Includes Christians (0.33%).
Population growth through the years
Year Population
1941
10,300
1951
29,700
1961
43,500
1971
82,100
1981
122,300
1991
184,000
2001
280,128
2011
359,483
2013
370,009

Source:[4] Source:[5]

As of 2011 India census,[6] Bhilwara has a population of 3,59,483. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. About 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.[7]

Economy[edit]

The major industry is textiles, with more than 850 manufacturing units in the town. The main textile product is synthetic fabric used in trousers. It began with a spinning and knitting company named Mewar Textile Mills, owned by industrialist Shri Sampatmal Lodha, started in 1938. Thereafter Shri Laxmi niwas Jhunjhunwala started his first unit for synthetic textile in 1961 at Bhilwara. Then many other units came up.

Now the city boasts of producing around million metres p.a. of trouser fabric, making Bhilwara one of the major textile centres in India. The turnover of the textile industry is more than Rs. 1000 crore p.a. The city has nine major and five small spinning mills. The total spindlage installed at Bhilwara are approximately 4.50 lacs, about 40% of the state capacity. It has 18 modern process houses to process polyester/viscose suiting with the annual capacity of a billion metrers of fabric. In the weaving sector it has approximately 13,500 looms out of which about 9000 are modern shuttleless ones. Annual exports of textiles from the district is of more than Rs. 270 crore.

Bhilwara is the only centre in the country producing insulation bricks. There are about 33 units in district. In the mining sector there is large scale mining of sandstone, soap stone feldspar, quartz,mica China clay, granite etc.

Also Mica mining has played a very important role in development of economic and social condition of Bhilwara. Late Pusalal Mansingka, Hariram Nathani,R B Seth Ramprasad Rajgadia and late Ramkaran Sharma has played a major role in developing the Mica trade.Bhilwara has developed a technic for rock blasting through air compressor drilling machine on Tractor mounted unit in 1960 and spread over all countries .

The recent and most important development in Bhilwara is the recognition of the district as major metallic mineral i.e Iron Ore, Led,Zinc, producing hub. The district has huge deposits of low grade spong iron ore, which were simply ignored by the industry giants so far. Jindal SAW recognized the potential and with guidance of GSI

developed a huge iron ore mining and beneficiation plant in the district. Now the district has become a magnet for all major steel companies of the country. It has put the state of Rajasthan on the map of steel industries of the Hindustan Zinc Ltd owned mining at village  Agucha wherein Asia's largest deposit of Zinc,leadand silver.

Infrastructure[edit]

Electricity[edit]

Bhilwara receives electricity from Kota, Beawar, Rana Pratap Sagar Power Station (Rawatbhata) and Nimbahera. All 1,565 villages have been electrified. not confirmed yet

Road connectivity[edit]

National Highway No. 79, part of the Golden Quardrilateral (four lane), and another National Highway No. 76 part of the East West Corridor (four lane) pass through the district. The total length is 120 km.

National Highway No. 758 (Kota-Ladpura-Bhilwara-Gangapur-Rajsamand-Udaipur) passes through the district. The length of this highway is 146 km. and other NH 148D (Bhim-Gulabpura-Uniara).

The total road length in the district was 3,883 km on 31 March 2000.

With a government bus depot in the heart of the city, Bhilwara is connected to all the important cities of Rajasthan and other states. Many private service providers are available. Bhilwara is well connected by road to capital city Jaipur and distance is 253 kilometre.[8]

Rail transport[edit]

A broad gauge railway line connecting Ajmer, Jodhpur, Jaipur, Kota, Indore Junction, Ujjain, Delhi, Bharatpur, Agra, Gwalior, Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, Patna, Kolkata, Chittorgarh, Udaipur City, Mavli Jn., Ratlam, Vadodara, Surat, Mumbai and Hyderabad passes through the district. Kota (160 km) is the convenient railway station to provide connectivity to the southern states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Air transport[edit]

The nearest airport is at Udaipur (165 km) — approximately 2.5 hours, by road. The other nearest airport is at Jaipur (251 km) which takes about 4 hours by road. The nearest international airports are in Jaipur, New Delhi, Mumbai, and Ahmedabad.

Communication facilities[edit]

Number of each:

  • Post Offices 391
  • Telegraph Offices 95
  • Telephone exchanges 71
  • Public call offices 1,180
  • An airstrip is available at Hamirgarh approximately 22 km from Bhilwara city.

Educational institutions[edit]

Bhilwara is second in central India region for CA Exams.

Social and cultural significance[edit]

Great Indian miniature artist Badri Lal Chitrakar highlights the city on international maps for Indian miniature art. He was given several awards including the Shilp Guru/Master Craftsperson award by the vice-president of India on 9 September 2006. Bhilwara is famous for its 'Fad Paintings' which are depictions of traditional stories on cloth using naturally available colours.

In sports, Bhilwara is the source of national basketball team players. Coach Mohit Bhandari is the national coach for basketball.

In education, Bhilwara has an autonomous engineering college of Government of Rajasthan. Along with offering engineering course in multiple disciplines of engineering, it is the only institute in Rajasthan which offers engineering course in textile and its allied fields. Institute of Technology and Management is another engineering college in Bhilwara.

In medicine, Bhilwara has large number of hospitals and is gradually becoming a medical hub in Rajasthan. Mahatma Gandhi Government Hospital is one of the biggest in the Mewar region. Krishna Hospital and Ram Snehi Hospital is among major medical service providers Bhilwara has emerged as an attraction for orthopedic surgeries as well.

Medical[edit]

Bhilwara has large number of hospitals and is gradually becoming a medical hub in Rajasthan. Mahatma Gandhi Government Hospital is one of the biggest in the Mewar region. Krishna Hospital and Ram Snehi Hospital is among major medical service providers. Other major private service providers include Smt. Kesar Bai Soni Hospital assisted by Apollo Hospital Ahmedabad, Arihant Hospital, Ambesh Jain Chikitsalaya, Red Crescent Uro-Surgical Hospital, Krishna multi-specialty Hospital famous for stone treatment, Ajmera eye & gynice (specialist) Hospital and for critical care, Heart and Diabetes Shree Govind Multispecility Hospital. Bhilwara has emerged as an attraction for orthopedic surgeries as well.

The Chief Minister announced a medical college in Bhlwara. The State Govt. allotted 59.10 Bighas land in Sanganer village. The medical college will be constructed by “Rajasthan State Road and Development Ltd”. After The Medical College Bhilwara people will get specialist services in Medical field.Rajasthan Chief Minister Smt.Vasundhara Raje inaugurated the Medical college on June 26, 2016.

Tourism[edit]

  • Dargah Gul Ali Baba: This shrine located on the Sanganari Gate of the city is known as Gul Ali Baba. The people of all faiths here believe that there is a Urs organized from 1 to 3 November every year on the dargah which should be celebrated with great fanfare. Taiba 1] Ta is situated near the Dargah also a huge mosque which is known as Raza Masjid, in this mosque, five thousand people can pray together in front of the dargah Only a city has been settled in a city which is known as Gul Ali Nagri, in this city, Kul-De-Sec- that is the street which is going to go ahead and it is a special identity. Uloom is also operated, whose name is Sultanul Hind O Raza Darul Uloom, in Darul Uloom, children from many states of the country receive elms.
  • Gandhi Sagar Talab: This lake is situated in the south-eastern part of the city. At one time it used to be the main drinking water source for the people. A large island is situated in the middle of this pond; this lake is a significant tourist destination for the people, at its north end, Mansur Ali Located on the Dargah of Jalal Shah, this temple is located on the one side of Tejaji and Balaji temple on the other side. To develop the place, a panoramic park has been built on its southern bank, named Khwaja Bagh, in the rainy season, when the water falls due to this panoramic view of the water. [2]
  • Mansarover Lake is a beautiful lake near RIICO 3rd Phase. It has been recently developed and upgraded. Ganesh Visarjan also happens here.
  • Badnore Fort is 70 km from Bhilwara on the Bhilwara Asind road.
  • Pur Udan Chatri is about 10 km from Bhilwara city. It is famous for Udan Chatri, Adhar Sheela Mahadev where a huge rock is resting on a small one.
  • Kyara ke Balaji has a natural image of Lord Hanuman. It is said that the image spontaneously appeared on the rock. Patola Mahadev Temple, Ghata Rani Temple, Beeda ke Mataji Temple and Neelkanth Mahadev Temple are nearby attractions situated on the beautiful hills of the Aravali mountain range.
  • The Bhilwara Municipal corporation is developing a tourist place at Gata Rani Mandir.
  • The Madhav Gou Vigyan Anusandhan Kendra (Madhav Cow Science Research Centre), Village Gaadarmala(Pur) is a very popular Gousala.
  • Mandal is around 16 km from Bhilwara city; it has the Battis Khambon ki Chhatri. As the name implies, this is a handsome chhatri made of sandstone with 32 pillars. Some of them have beautiful carving at the base and the upper portion. Within this chatri a huge Shivling is situated.
  • Harni Mahadev: Founded by the ancestors of the Darak family, a Shivling lies under the mountain, built into a Shiva temple is 8 km from the city. It got the name Harni on the name of village near it, a nice place for people from the city for outing as it has hills around. On the occasion of Shiv Ratri a three-day fair is held here. Near Chamunda mata Mandir is a hill from where one can have a view of whole city. Dadi dham temple is also there on the way.
  • Gayatri shakti peeth near roadways bus stand.
  • Dhanop Mataji: 3 km away from sangariya village in shahpura tehsil.
  • Shri Beed ke Balaji: 3 km away from kanechhan village in shahpura tehsil.
  • Shri Charbhujanath temple: situated at kotri tehsil.
  • Bagore: Sh. Guru Govind Singh Ji stayed here when he was on journey to Punjab. This historical Gurdwara is situated at a distance of 20 km from town Mandal in Village Bagor of Tehsil Mandal, District Bhilwara, Rajasthan. This holy place has been blessed by the visit of the Tenth Sikh Guru, Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
  • Pt. Deendayal Upadhyay Smriti Van : Built in about 465 bighas. It is situated near Harni Mahadev Panchavati.
  • Shivaji Garden : Situated at R.C. Vyas Colony
  • Rajiv Gandhi Auditorium : Situated near Pathik Nagar.
  • Panchmukhi darbar
  • Bijolia
  • Bhooteshwar Mahadev:Luhari Kalan, Tehsil Jahazpur
  • Hinglaj mata mandir. Koshithal , Tehsil Sahara.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bhilwara city population Census, 2011
  2. ^ Pillai, Geetha Sunil (28 February 2017), "Stone age tools dating back 2,00,000 years found in Rajasthan", The Times of India
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Bhilwara
  4. ^ a b "Historical Census of India".
  5. ^ "Census of Bhilwara".
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  7. ^ 2011 Census information for Bhilwara, Population Census India
  8. ^ http://www.roaddistance.in/rajasthan/jaipur-to-bhilwara-distance/by-road/

External links[edit]