Bhilwara

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This article is about the municipality in Rajasthan, India. For its namesake district, see Bhilwara district.
Bhilwara city
City
Nickname(s): Textile City of Rajasthan
Bhilwara city is located in Rajasthan
Bhilwara city
Bhilwara city
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 25°21′N 74°38′E / 25.35°N 74.63°E / 25.35; 74.63Coordinates: 25°21′N 74°38′E / 25.35°N 74.63°E / 25.35; 74.63
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Bhilwara
Elevation 421 m (1,381 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 370,009
Languages
 • Official Hindi Mewari
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 311001
Vehicle registration RJ 06
Sex ratio 1000/915[1] /
Website www.bhilwara.rajasthan.gov.in

Bhilwara /blˈvɑːrə/ is a city in the Mewar region of Rajasthan, India.

History[edit]

Bhilwara is most pioneer clean and green city of the Rajasthan.

According to substantiation the present Bhilwara city had a mint where coins known as 'BHILADI' were minted and from this denomination was derived the name of the district. Over the years it has emerged out as the small CITY of Rajasthan. Nowadays, Bhilwara is better known as the textile city in the country.

The oldest part of this town was set up in the middle of the 11th century by building a Shiva temple that still exists today and is known as the Bada Mandir or Jataun Ka Mandir. The area that is now known as Purana Bhilwara or Bhilwara Gaon (Patwari Mohalla, Junawas). As per another legend, the city of Bhilwara had a mint that minted coins known as “bhiladi”. This is supposedly the origin of the district’s name. There is also reference to Arjuna having fought here during the Mahabharata period. Historical records show that a town named Mandal close to Bhilwara served as the military base of the Mughals when they had attacked Chittaurgarh. The ruins of their campsite can still be seen today. A watch tower that was built on a small mound in Mandal is now a Devi temple. Total diameter of bhilwara is nearly 70km.

Tourist places[edit]

  • Harni Mahadev: Founded by the ancestors of the Darak family, a Shivling lies under the mountain, built into a Shiva temple is 8 km from the city. It got the name Harni on the name of village near it, a nice place for people from the city for outing as it has hills around. On the occasion of Shiv Ratri a three-day fair is held here. At place the Chamunda mata Mandir is also situated on the hill from where one can have a view of whole city. Near this place a very nice garden "Samriti Van" is situated. Dadi dham temple is also there on the way.
  • Badnore Fort This fort is situated at asind road and distance is 70 km from Bhilwara.
  • Pur Udan Chatri is near by bhilwara about 10 km from Bhilwara city. The "Adhar Sheela Mahadev" where a huge rock is resting on a small one.

The "Adhar Sheela Mahadev" where a huge rock is resting on a small one. This visiting place is situated at Pur, Bhilwara.

The Chamunda mata Mandir is also situated on the hill of Harni Mahadev from where one can have a view of whole city. This nice place is far 5 km from Bhilwara.

"Samriti Van" is very nice natural visiting place far 5 km from Bhilwara

Ramniwas Dham The city has famous Ramdwara of Ramsnehi Sampraday. The founder Guru of the sampraday was Swami Ramcharanji Maharaj, who preached his followers here later, he moved to Shahpura, 50 km from Bhilwara, where the present headquarters of Ram Snehi Sampraday known as Ram Niwas Dham is located.

Tilesva Mahadev MandirThis famous shiv temple is situated in Bijauliya tehsil. At this place a huge tank of water is exist infront of temple. The people assume that a lots of skin deases cured after taking bath in this "Kund". The Ganga mata statue is also situated in the center of this "Kund".

Mandakini Mandir Bijauliya: This famous temple is situated in Bijauliya tehsil far 90 km from district HQ. There are three temples and one pond. The "Lkulish" statue at the entrance of main gate of this temple. On the main gate there are two statue of Parvati and Ganesh are situated. The temples are "Hajareshwar Mahadev" and "Undeshwar" also situated here.

Swaibhoj Temple: This temple is situated in Asind tehsil far 55 km from Bhilwara. It most famous religious place of "Gurjar" society. The place where this place is situated is called "Gosth Dadawat". A small pond is exist with the name of "Rathora Talab" or "Prem Sagar". The fair is held on "Bhadrapad Chhath" in a year.

Other tourist places in Bhilwara District

  • Dhanop Mataji: This famous temple of "Maa Durga" is approximately 85 km away from Bhilwara in Shahpura tehsil.
  • Shri Beed ke Balaji: This place is completely around by the nature. It is situated kanechhan village in shahpura tehsil.
  • Shri Charbhujanath temple: This temple is situated at kotri tehsil 30 km far from Bhilwara city.
  • Bagore Sahib is Sh. Guru Govind Singh Ji stayed here when he was on journey to Punjab. This historical Gurdwara is situated at a distance of 20 km from town Mandal in Village Bagore of Tehsil Mandal, District Bhilwara, Rajasthan. This holy place has been blessed by the visit of the Tenth Sikh Guru, Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

· Battis Khambon ki Chhatri. This place is situated in Mandal far 16 km from Bhilwara city. It has chhatri made of sandstone with 32 pillars.

· Hameergarh Eco-Park: This Eco-park is situated at Hills of Hameergarh far 18 km from Bhilwara. The park is famous for "Chinkara". You can see Blue Bulls, Jackles, Foxes, Vultures and many other wild animals. The "Mansha Mahadev" famous Shiv Temple is situated here. · Meja Dam: The Meja dam is one of the biggest dam of Bhilwara and famous for green mount park. It is far 20 km from Bhilwara.

· Kyara ke Balaji has a natural image of Lord Hanuman. It is said that the image spontaneously appeared on the rock. Patola Mahadev Temple,Ghata Rani Temple, Beeda ke Mataji Temple and Neelkanth Mahadev Temple are nearby attractions situated on the beautiful hills of the Aravali mountain range.

· The Bhilwara Municipal corporation is developing a tourist place at Gata Rani Mandir.

· The Madhav Gou Vigyan Anusandhan Kendra (Madhav Cow Science Research Centre), Village Gaadarmala(Pur) is a very popular Gousala.

· Mandal is around 16 km from Bhilwara city; it has the Battis Khambon ki Chhatri. As the name implies, this is a handsome chhatri made of sandstone with 32 pillars. Some of them have beautiful carving at the base and the upper portion. Within this chatri a huge Shivling is situated.

· Gayatri shakti peeth near roadways bus stand.

· Dhanop Mataji: 3 km away from sangariya village in shahpura tehsil.

· Shri Beed ke Balaji: 3 km away from kanechhan village in shahpura tehsil.

· Shri Charbhujanath temple: situated at kotri tehsil.

· Pt. Deendayal Upadhyay Smriti Van : Built in about 465 bighas. It is situated near Harni Mahadev Panchavati.

· Shivaji Garden : Situated at R.C. Vyas Colony

According to the folk mythology, when Arjuna was going to Dwarika with all Gopis during Mahabharata period, he passed through Bhilwara region. There was a war with the Arjunai temple.

Bhilwara's cultural history can be traced back to the Nagar Brahmins mentioned in the Skanda Purana. The city has famous Ramdwara of Ramsnehi Sampraday. The sampraday runs Ram Snehi Multispeciality hospital. The founder Guru of the sampraday was Swami Ramcharanji Maharaj, who preached his followers here later, he moved to Shahpura, 50 km from Bhilwara, where the present headquarters of Ram Snehi Sampraday known as Ram Niwas Dham is located.

Bhilwara is famous as "the city of textiles & looms" & it is one of the Manchester of India. It is one of the clean and green city of the India

Rivers[edit]

Rivers In Bhilwara There is no natural lake in the district but there are number of ponds and dams. Many rivers meander their way through the Bhilwara district of Rajasthan . The Bhilwara Rivers consist of the following Rajasthan Rivers: Kothari Banas Menali Bedach Khari Mansi

Location[edit]

Bhilwara is located at 25°21′N 74°38′E / 25.35°N 74.63°E / 25.35; 74.63.[2] It has an average elevation of 421 metres (1381 feet). It falls between the districts of Ajmer (in north) and Chittorgarh and Udaipur (in south). Major rivers flowing through the district are Banas, Bedach, Kothari, Khari, Mansi, Menali, Chandrabhaga and Nagdi.

There is no natural lake in the district but there are number of ponds and dams so the district is the most irrigated in the state of Rajasthan.

Demographics[edit]

Population Growth of Bhilwara 
Census Pop.
1941 10,300
1951 29,700 188.3%
1961 43,500 46.5%
1971 82,100 88.7%
1981 122,300 49.0%
1991 184,000 50.4%
2001 280,128 52.2%
2011 359,483 28.3%
source:[3]
Population growth through the years
Year Population
1941
10,300
1951
29,700
1961
43,500
1971
82,100
1981
122,300
1991
184,000
2001
280,128
2011
359,483
2013
370,009

Source:[3]Source:[4]

As of 2011 India census,[5] Bhilwara has a population of 2,410,459. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. 14.78 of the population is under 6 years of age.[6] If we talk about city population of Bhilwara it is 370,009 as per 2013.

Economy[edit]

The major industry is textiles, with more than 850 manufacturing units in the town. The main textile product is synthetic fabric used in trousers. It began with a spinning and knitting company named Mewar Textile Mills, owned by industrialist Shri Sampatmal Lodha, started in 1938. Thereafter Shri Laxmi niwas Jhunjhunwala started his first unit for synthetic textile in 1961 at Bhilwara. Then many other units came up.

Now the city boasts of producing around million metres p.a. of trouser fabric, making Bhilwara one of the major textile centres in India. The turnover of the textile industry is more than Rs. 100 crore p.a. The city has nine major and five small spinning mills. The total spindlage installed at Bhilwara are approximately 4.50 lacs, about 40% of the state capacity. It has 18 modern process houses to process polyester/viscose suiting with the annual capacity of a billion metrers of fabric. In the weaving sector it has approximately 13,500 looms out of which about 9000 are modern shuttleless ones. Annual exports of textiles from the district is of more than Rs. 270 crore.

Bhilwara is the only centre in the country producing insulation bricks. There are about 33 units in city. In the mining sector there is large scale mining of sandstone, soap stone and other minerals like feldspar, quartz, China clay, etc.

Also Mica mining has played a very important role in development of economic and social condition of Bhilwara. Late Sh. Jugal Kishore Ji Sharaf and Lt Sh Chetan Sharaf has played a major role in developing the then crucial minrel.

The recent and most important development in Bhilwara is the recognition of the town as major Iron Ore producing hub. The district has huge deposits of low grade iron ore, which were simply ignored by the industry giants so far. Jindal SAW recognized the potential and with guidance of Dr. R.S. Goyal (an eminent geoscientist) developed a huge iron ore mining and beneficiation plant in the district. Now the district has become a magnet for all major steel companies of the country. It has put the state of Rajasthan on the map of steel industries of the country.

Major textile manufacturers includes Om Shiv synthetics which manufacture in the brand name of Lebon.

Infrastructure[edit]

Electricity[edit]

Bhilwara receives electricity from Kota, Beawar, Rana Pratap Sagar Power Station (Rawatbhata) and Nimbahera. All 1,565 villages have been electrified.

Road connectivity[edit]

National Highway No. 79, part of the Golden Quardrilateral (four lane), and another National Highway No. 76 part of the East West Corridor (four lane) pass through the district. The total length is 120 km.

National Highway No. 758 (Kota-Ladpura-Bhilwara-Gangapur-Rajsamand-Udaipur) passes through the district. The length of this highway is 146 km. and other NH 148D (Bhim-Gulabpura-Uniara).

The total road length in the district was 3,883 km on 31 March 2000.

With a government bus depot in the heart of the city, Bhilwara is connected to all the important cities of Rajasthan and other states. Many private service providers are available.

Rail transport[edit]

A broad gauge railway line connecting Ajmer, Jodhpur, Jaipur, Kota, Indore Junction, Ujjain, Delhi, Bharatpur, Agra, Gwalior, Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, Patna, Kolkata, Chittorgarh, Udaipur City, Mavli Jn., Ratlam, Vadodara, Surat, Mumbai and Hyderabad passes through the district. Kota (160 km) is the convenient railway station to provide connectivity to the southern states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Air transport[edit]

The nearest airport is at Udaipur (165 km) — approximately 2.5 hours, by road. The other nearest airport is at Jaipur (251 km) which takes about 4 hours by road. The nearest international airports are in Jaipur, New Delhi, Mumbai, and Ahmedabad.

Communication facilities[edit]

Number of each:

  • Post Offices 391
  • Telegraph Offices 95
  • Telephone exchanges 71
  • Public call offices 1,180
  • An airstrip is available at Hamirgarh approximately 22 km from Bhilwara city.

Educational institutions[edit]

Bhilwara is second in central India region for CA Exams.

  • Primary and middle schools 5,020
  • Higher secondary and secondary schools 212
  • Undergraduate and post graduate colleges 12
  • Engineering colleges 10 (MLVTEC and ITM)
  • University 2 (Sangam University)
  • Metro Industrial training institute
  • IIT-JEE coaching preparation coaching institute 1

Edubrain is a Coaching institute situated at the heart of the city in R.C.Vyas Colony, Ostwal complex, opposite gupta orthopaedic hospital bhilwara which provides quality education to children and has been doing the noble work since year 2012. They provide better and best coaching in bhilwara for iit-jee mains + advanced.

Sarvodaya Shikshan Sansthan is a school situated at the heart of the city in Sanjay colony, Near KheraKhoot Mataji, Vidhut Nagar which provides quality education to children and has been doing the noble work since year 2000. Manikya Lal Verma Govt. Textile & Engineering College, Bhilwara is an autonomous engineering college of Government of Rajasthan. Along with offering engineering course in multiple disciplines of engineering, it is the only institute in Rajasthan which offers engineering course in textile and its allied fields. Institute of Technology and Management is another engineering college in Bhilwara.

Social and cultural significance[edit]

  • Art: Great Indian miniature artist Badri Lal Chitrakar highlights the city on international maps for Indian miniature art. He was given several prestigious awards including the Shilp Guru/Master Craftsperson award by the vice-president of India on 9 September 2006.
  • Bhilwara is famous for its 'Fad Paintings' which are depictions of traditional stories on cloth using naturally available colours.
  • Education: Dr Alok Jain was the founder in charge of 1 year MBA at IIM, Ahmedabad and got it ranked 11th by Financial Times, UK
  • Sports: Bhilwara is the source of national basketball team players. Coach Mohit Bhandari is the national coach for basketball.
  • Shri Yogendra Sharma is an international poet and one of the best poets of India.
  • Bhilwara is famous for KAVI Sammelans (Poet Conference) since 1965 when Dr. Yugal Kishore Surolia held continuously assembly of renowned poets from all over India.

1. Bhilwara has an autonomous engineering college of Government of Rajasthan. Along with offering engineering course in multiple disciplines of engineering, it is the only institute in Rajasthan which offers engineering course in textile and its allied fields. Institute of Technology and Management is another engineering college in Bhilwara.

2.Bhilwara is famous for its 'Fad Paintings' ( made in Shahpura, near Bhilwara ) which are depictions of traditional stories on cloth using naturally available colours

Medical Bhilwara has large number of hospitals and is gradually becoming a medical hub in Rajasthan. Mahatma Gandhi Government Hospital is one of the biggest in the Mewar region. Krishna Hospital and Ram Snehi Hospital is among major medical service providers Bhilwara has emerged as an attraction for orthopedic surgeries as well.

Social and cultural significance · Art: Great Indian miniature artist Badri Lal Chitrakar highlights the city on international maps for Indian miniature art. He was given several prestigious awards including theShilp Guru/Master Craftsperson award by the vice-president of India on 9 September 2006. Badri Lal Chitrakar's grandson, Manish Soni is also a very well known and sought after artist not just in India but around the world. · Shri Yogendra Sharma is an international poet and one of the best poets of India. · · Bhilwara is famous for KAVI Sammelans (Poet Conference) since 1965 when Dr. Yugal Kishore Surolia held continuously assembly of renowned poets from all over India.

Medical[edit]

Bhilwara has large number of hospitals and is gradually becoming a medical hub in Rajasthan. Mahatma Gandhi Government Hospital is one of the biggest in the Mewar region. Krishna Hospital and Ram Snehi Hospital is among major medical service providers. Other major private service providers include Smt. Kesar Bai Soni Hospital assisted by Apollo Hospital Ahmedabad, Arihant Hospital, Ambesh Jain Chikitsalaya, Red Crescent Uro-Surgical Hospital, Krishna multi-specialty Hospital famous for stone treatment, Ajmera eye & gynice (specialist) Hospital and for critical care,Heart and Diabetes Shree Govind Multispecility Hospital. Bhilwara has emerged as an attraction for orthopedic surgeries as well.

The Chief Minister announced a medical college in Bhlwara. The State Govt. allotted 59.10 Bighas land in Sanganer village. The medical college will be constructed by “Rajasthan State Road and Development Ltd”. After The Medical College Bhilwara peoples will get specialist services in Medical field.Rajasthan Chief Minister Smt.Vasundhara Raje inaugurated the Medical college on June 26,2016.

Tourism[edit]

  • Badnore Fort is 70 km from Bhilwara on the Bhilwara Asind road.
  • Pur Udan Chatri is about 10 km from Bhilwara city. It is famous for Udan Chatri, Adhar Sheela Mahadev where a huge rock is resting on a small one.
  • Kyara ke Balaji has a natural image of Lord Hanuman. It is said that the image spontaneously appeared on the rock. Patola Mahadev Temple,Ghata Rani Temple, Beeda ke Mataji Temple and Neelkanth Mahadev Temple are nearby attractions situated on the beautiful hills of the Aravali mountain range.
  • The Bhilwara Municipal corporation is developing a tourist place at Gata Rani Mandir.
  • The Madhav Gou Vigyan Anusandhan Kendra (Madhav Cow Science Research Centre), Village Gaadarmala(Pur) is a very popular Gousala.
  • Mandal is around 16 km from Bhilwara city; it has the Battis Khambon ki Chhatri. As the name implies, this is a handsome chhatri made of sandstone with 32 pillars. Some of them have beautiful carving at the base and the upper portion. Within this chatri a huge Shivling is situated.
  • Harni Mahadev: Founded by the ancestors of the Darak family, a Shivling lies under the mountain, built into a Shiva temple is 8 km from the city. It got the name Harni on the name of village near it, a nice place for people from the city for outing as it has hills around. On the occasion of Shiv Ratri a three-day fair is held here. Near this Chamunda mata Mandir is a hill from where one can have a view of whole city. Dadi dham temple is also there on the way.
  • Gayatri shakti peeth near roadways bus stand.
  • Dhanop Mataji: 3 km away from sangariya village in shahpura tehsil.
  • Shri Beed ke Balaji: 3 km away from kanechhan village in shahpura tehsil.
  • Shri Charbhujanath temple: situated at kotri tehsil.
  • Bagore Sahib is Sh. Guru Govind Singh Ji stayed here when he was on journey to Punjab. This historical Gurdwara is situated at a distance of 20 km from town Mandal in Village Bagore of Tehsil Mandal, District Bhilwara, Rajasthan. This holy place has been blessed by the visit of the Tenth Sikh Guru, Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
  • Pt. Deendayal Upadhyay Smriti Van : Built in about 465 bighas. It is situated near Harni Mahadev Panchavati.
  • Shivaji Garden : Situated at R.C. Vyas Colony
  • Rajiv Gandhi Auditorium : Situated near Pathik Nagar.
  • Panchmukhi muktidham
  • Bijolia

Cultural Fests and Fairs[edit]

  • Ganesh Mela, Ganesh Temple, Gandhi Nagar, Bhilwara
  • Tejaji Mela, Tejaji chowk, Bhilwara
  • Harni Mahadev Mela, Village Harni, Bhilwara
  • Gangapur Pashu Mela (Gangapur Cattle Fair), Gangapur, Bhilwara
  • Gyaras Mata Mela, Pur, Bhilwara
  • Sawai Bhoj Ka Mela, Asind, Bhilwara
  • Phool Dol Mela, Shahpura, Bhilwara
  • Jal Jhoolani Ekadasha, Kotri Charbhuja, Bhilwara
  • Dhanop Mataji Mela, Village Dhanop Shahpura, Bhilwara
  • Joganiya Mata Mela, Village Joganiya, Bhilwara
  • Dev Narayan Mela, Malaseri ki Oongra, Bhilwara
  • Ramdev Ji Ka Mela, Bagore, Mandal, Bhilwara
  • Tilaswan Mahadev Mela, Tilswan tirth, Village Tilaswan, Bhilwara
  • Badnore Pashu Mela (Badnore Cattle Fair), Badnore, Asind, Bhilwara
  • Chouth Mata Ji ka Mela, Raila, Bhilwara
  • Dashara Mela, Mandalgarh
  • 56 Bhog and Jal Jhoolani Ekadasha, danthal Charbhuja, Bhilwara (9 km from Bhilwara and 4 km from Haled)
  • "Rang Teras" Celebration (Nahar Naritya), Mandal, Bhilwara [7]

References[edit]

External links[edit]