Bhilwara

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Bhilwara
Nicknames: 
Textile City of Rajasthan, Manchester of Rajasthan
Bhilwara is located in Rajasthan
Bhilwara
Bhilwara
Location in Rajasthan, India
Bhilwara is located in India
Bhilwara
Bhilwara
Bhilwara (India)
Coordinates: 25°21′N 74°38′E / 25.35°N 74.63°E / 25.35; 74.63Coordinates: 25°21′N 74°38′E / 25.35°N 74.63°E / 25.35; 74.63
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictBhilwara
Area
 • Total10,508.85 km2 (4,057.49 sq mi)
Area rank7
Elevation
421 m (1,381 ft)
Population
 (2013)
 • Total370,000
 • Density35/km2 (91/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
 • RegionalMewari
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
311001
ISO 3166 codeRJ-IN
Vehicle registrationRJ-06
Sex ratio1000/915[2] /
Websitebhilwara.rajasthan.gov.in

Bhilwara /blˈvɑːrə/ is a city in the Mewar region of Rajasthan, India. It is famous for textiles in the Indian state of Rajasthan.[3]

History[edit]

Stone Age tools dating from 5,012 to 2,00,000 years were found in Bundi and Bhilwara districts of the state.[4]

According to substantiation, the present Bhilwara city had a mint where coins known as 'Bhiladi' were minted and from this denomination was derived the name of the district. And other story goes like this that a tribe known as Bheel helped Maharana Pratap in war against Mughal Empire king Akbar lived in Bhilwara region that's this area came to be known as Bheel+Bada (Bheel's area) Bhilwara. Over the years it has emerged out as one of the major cities of Rajasthan. Nowadays, Bhilwara is better known as the textile city in the country.

The oldest part of this town was set up in the middle of the 11th century by building a Krishna Radha mandir (temple) that still exists and is known as the Bada Mandir. The area that is now known as Purana Bhilwara (Patwari Mohalla, Junawas, Manikya Nagar Malikhera). There is also reference to Arjuna having fought here during the Mahabharata period.

Historical records show that a town named Mandal close to Bhilwara served as the military base for the Mughals when they had attacked Chittaurgarh. The ruins of their campsite can still be seen today. A watch tower that was built on a small mound in Mandal is now a Devi temple.

Rivers[edit]

Many seasonal rivers such as Kothari, Banas, Menali, Bedach, Khari, and Mansi meander their way through Bhilwara. There are a number of ponds and dams in the district, but there is no natural lake.

Location[edit]

Bhilwara is located at 25°21′35″N 74°39′10″E / 25.359854°N 74.652791°E / 25.359854; 74.652791.[5] It has an average elevation of 421 metres (1381 feet). It falls between the districts of Ajmer (in north) and Chittorgarh and Udaipur (in south). Major rivers flowing through the district are Banas, Bedach, Kothari, Khari, Mansi, Menali, Chandrabhaga, and Nagdi.

There is no natural lake in the district but there are the number of ponds and dams so the district is the most irrigated in the state of Rajasthan.

Demographics[edit]

Population Growth of Bhilwara 
CensusPop.
194110,300
195129,700188.3%
196143,50046.5%
197182,10088.7%
1981122,30049.0%
1991184,00050.4%
2001280,12852.2%
2011359,48328.3%
source:[6]


Religions in Bhilwara City
Hinduism
79.50%
Islam
14.23%
Jainism
5.47%
Sikh
0.33%
Others
0.13%
Distribution of religions
Includes Christians (0.33%).
Population growth through the years
Year Population
1941
10,300
1951
29,700
1961
43,500
1971
82,100
1981
122,300
1991
184,000
2001
280,128
2011
359,483
2013
370,009

Source:[6] Source:[7]

As of 2011 India census,[8] Bhilwara has a population of 3,59,483. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. About 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.[9]

Economy[edit]

The major industry is textiles, with more than 850 manufacturing units in the town. The main textile product is synthetic fabric used in trousers. It began with a spinning and knitting company named Mewar Textile Mills, owned by industrialist Shri Sampatmal Lodha, started in 1938. Thereafter Shri Laxmi Niwas Jhunjhunwala started his first unit for synthetic textile in 1961 at Bhilwara.

Infrastructure[edit]

Road connectivity[edit]

National Highway No. 79, part of the Golden Quardrilateral (four lane), and another National Highway No. 76 part of the East West Corridor (four-lane) pass through the district. The total length is 120 km.

National Highway No. 758 (Kota-Ladpura-Bhilwara-Gangapur-Rajsamand-Udaipur) passes through the district. The length of this highway is 146 km. and other NH 148D (Bhim-Gulabpura-Uniara).

The total road length in the district was 3,883 km on 31 March 2000.

With a government bus depot in the heart of the city, Bhilwara is connected to all the important cities of Rajasthan and other states. Many private service providers are available. Bhilwara is well connected by road to capital city Jaipur and distance is 253 kilometre.[10]

Rail transport[edit]

A broad gauge railway line connecting Ajmer, Jodhpur, Jaipur, Kota, Indore Junction, Ujjain, Delhi, Bharatpur, Agra, Gwalior, Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, Patna, Kolkata, Chittorgarh, Udaipur, Mavli Jn., Ratlam, Vadodara, Surat, Mumbai and Hyderabad passes through the district. Kota (160 km) is the convenient railway station to provide connectivity to the southern states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Ajmer (130 km) is one of major nearby railway station/junction for connectivity to other major cities like Delhi and Ahmedabad.

Air transport[edit]

The nearest airport is at Dabok - Udaipur (165 km) — approximately 2.5 hours, by road. The other nearest airport is at Jaipur (251 km) which takes about 4 hours by road.

Before Jaipur new Airport has started named Kishangarh Airport.

Social and cultural significance[edit]

Great Indian miniature artist Badri Lal Chitrakar highlights the city on international maps for Indian miniature art. He was given several awards including the Shilp Guru/Master Craftsperson award by the vice-president of India on 9 September 2006. Bhilwara is famous for its 'Fad Paintings' which are depictions of traditional stories on cloth using naturally available colours. Bhilwara's Phad Artist Shree Lal Joshi contributed greatly in making and saving Phad Painting in whole India.

In sports, Bhilwara is the source of national basketball team players. Coach Mohit Bhandari is the national coach for basketball.

In record making, Dr.(H.C.) Abhilash Modi of Bhilwara has his name in Guinness World Records, Limca Book of Records, Asia Book of Records and India Book of Records for his various achievements.

In education, Bhilwara has an autonomous engineering college of Government of Rajasthan known as MLV Textile and Engineering College. Along with offering engineering course in multiple disciplines of engineering, it is the only institute in Rajasthan which offers engineering course in textile and its allied fields. In medicine, Bhilwara has large number of hospitals and is gradually becoming a medical hub in Rajasthan. Mahatma Gandhi Government Hospital is one of the biggest in the Mewar region. Krishna Hospital, Arihant Hospital, Porwal Hospital and Ram Snehi Hospital are among major medical service providers Bhilwara has emerged as an attraction for orthopedic surgeries as well.


References[edit]

  1. ^ Bhilwara-Rajasthan. "Location & Area". bhilwara.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  2. ^ Bhilwara city population Census, 2011
  3. ^ Bhilwara-Rajasthan. "Home". www.bhilwara.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  4. ^ Pillai, Geetha Sunil (28 February 2017), "Stone age tools dating back 2,00,000 years found in Rajasthan", The Times of India
  5. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Bhilwara
  6. ^ a b "Historical Census of India".
  7. ^ "Census of Bhilwara".
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  9. ^ 2011 Census information for Bhilwara, Population Census India
  10. ^ http://www.roaddistance.in/rajasthan/jaipur-to-bhilwara-distance/by-road/

External links[edit]