Bhilwara

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This article is about the municipality in Rajasthan, India. For its namesake district, see Bhilwara district.
Bhilwara
City
Nickname(s): Manchester of Rajasthan
Textile City of Rajasthan
Bhilwara is located in Rajasthan
Bhilwara
Bhilwara
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 25°21′N 74°38′E / 25.35°N 74.63°E / 25.35; 74.63Coordinates: 25°21′N 74°38′E / 25.35°N 74.63°E / 25.35; 74.63
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Bhilwara
Elevation 421 m (1,381 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 370,009
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 311001
Vehicle registration RJ 06
Sex ratio 1000/915[1] /
Website www.bhilwara.rajasthan.gov.in

Bhilwara /blˈvɑrə/ is a city in the Mewar region of Rajasthan, India.

History[edit]

According to the folk mythology, when Arjuna was going to Dwarika with all Gopis during Mahabharata period, he passed through Bhilwara region. There was a war with the Arjunai temple.

Bhilwara's culural history can be traced back to the Nagar Brahmins mentioned in the Skanda Purana. The city has famous Ramdwara of Ramsnehi Sampraday. The sampraday runs Ram Snehi Multi speciality hospital. The founder Guru of the sampraday was Swami Ramcharanji Maharaj, who preached his followers here later, he moved to Shahpura, 50 km from Bhilwara, where the present headquarters of Ram Snehi Sampraday known as Ram Niwas Dham is located.

Bhilwara is famous as "the city of textiles & looms".

Location[edit]

Bhilwara is located at 25°21′N 74°38′E / 25.35°N 74.63°E / 25.35; 74.63.[2] It has an average elevation of 421 metres (1381 feet). It falls between the districts of Ajmer (in north) and Chittorgarh and Udaipur (in south). Major rivers flowing through the district are Banas, Bedach, Kothari, Khari, Mansi, Menali, Chandrabhaga and Nagdi.

There is no natural lake in the district but there are number of ponds and dams so the district is the most irrigated in the state of Rajasthan.

Demographics[edit]

Population Growth of Bhilwara 
Census Pop.
1941 10,300
1951 29,700 188.3%
1961 43,500 46.5%
1971 82,100 88.7%
1981 122,300 49.0%
1991 184,000 50.4%
2001 280,128 52.2%
2011 359,483 28.3%
source:[3]
Population growth through the years
Year Population
1941
10,300
1951
29,700
1961
43,500
1971
82,100
1981
122,300
1991
184,000
2001
280,128
2011
359,483
2013
370,009

Source:[3]Source:[4]

As of 2011 India census,[5] Bhilwara has a population of 2,410,459. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. 14.78 of the population is under 6 years of age.[6] If we talk about city population of Bhilwara it is 370,009 as per 2013.

Economy[edit]

The major industry is textiles, with more than 850 manufacturing units in the town. The main textile product is synthetic fabric used in trousers. It began with a spinning and knitting company named Mewar Textile Mills, owned by industrialist Shri Sampatmal Lodha, started in 1938. Thereafter Shri Laxmi niwas Jhunjhunwala started his first unit for synthetic textile in 1961 at Bhilwara. Then many other units came up.

Now the city boasts of producing around a billion metres p.a. of trouser fabric, making Bhilwara one of the major textile centres in India. The turnover of the textile industry is more than Rs. 10,000 crore p.a. The city has nine major and five small spinning mills. The total spindlage installed at Bhilwara are approximately 4.50 lacs, about 40% of the state capacity. It has 18 modern process houses to process polyester/viscose suiting with the annual capacity of a billion metrers of fabric. In the weaving sector it has approximately 13,500 looms out of which about 9000 are modern shuttleless ones. Annual exports of textiles from the district is of more than Rs. 2750 crore.

Bhilwara is the only centre in the country producing insulation bricks. There are about 33 units in city. In the mining sector there is large scale mining of sandstone, soap stone and other minerals like feldspar, quartz, China clay, etc.

Also Mica mining has played a very important role in development of economic and social condition of Bhilwara. Late Sh. Jugal Kishore Ji Sharaf and Lt Sh Chetan Sharaf has played a major role in developing the then crucial minrel.

The recent and most important development in Bhilwara is the recognition of the town as major Iron Ore producing hub. The district has huge deposits of low grade iron ore, which were simply ignored by the industry giants so far. Jindal SAW recognized the potential and with guidance of Dr. R.S. Goyal (an eminent geoscientist) developed a huge iron ore mining and beneficiation plant in the district. Now the district has become a magnet for all major steel companies of the country. It has put the state of Rajasthan on the map of steel industries of the country.

Major textile manufacturers includes Om Shiv synthetics which manufacture in the brand name of Lebon.

Infrastructure[edit]

Electricity[edit]

Bhilwara receives electricity from Kota, Beawar, Rana Pratap Sagar Power Station (Rawatbhata) and Nimbahera. All 1,565 villages have been electrified.

Road connectivity[edit]

National Highway No. 79, part of the Golden Quardrilateral (four lane), and another National Highway No. 76 part of the East West Corridor (four lane) pass through the district. The total length is 120 km.

National Highway No. 758 (Kota-Ladpura-Bhilwara-Gangapur-Rajsamand-Udaipur) passes through the district. The length of this highway is 146 km. and other NH 148D (Bhim-Gulabpura-Uniara).

The total road length in the district was 3,883 km on 31 March 2000.

With a government bus depot in the heart of the city, Bhilwara is connected to all the important cities of Rajasthan and other states. Many private service providers are available.

Rail transport[edit]

A broad gauge railway line connecting Ajmer, Jodhpur, Jaipur, Kota, Indore Junction, Ujjain, Delhi, Bharatpur, Agra, Gwalior, Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, Patna, Kolkata, Chittorgarh, Udaipur City, Mavli Jn., Ratlam, Vadodara, Surat, Mumbai and Hyderabad passes through the district. Kota (160 km) is the convenient railway station to provide connectivity to the southern states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Air transport[edit]

The nearest airport is at Udaipur (165 km) — approximately 2.5 hours, by road. The other nearest airport is at Jaipur (251 km) which takes about 4 hours by road. The nearest international airports are in Jaipur, New Delhi, Mumbai, and Ahmedabad.

Communication facilities[edit]

Number of each:

  • Post Offices 391
  • Telegraph Offices 95
  • Telephone exchanges 71
  • Public call offices 1,180
  • An airstrip is available at Hamirgarh approximately 22 km from Bhilwara city.

Educational institutions[edit]

Bhilwara is second in central India region for CA Exams.

  • Primary and middle schools 2,009
  • Higher secondary and secondary schools 212
  • Undergraduate and post graduate colleges 7
  • Engineering colleges 2 (MLVTEC and ITM)
  • University 1 (Sangam University)

Manikya Lal Verma Govt. Textile & Engineering College, Bhilwara is an autonomous engineering college of Government of Rajasthan. Along with offering engineering course in multiple disciplines of engineering, it is the only institute in Rajasthan which offers engineering course in textile and its allied fields. Institute of Technology and Management is the another engineering college in Bhilwara.

Social and cultural significance[edit]

  • Art: Great Indian miniature artist Badri Lal Chitrakar highlights the city on international maps for Indian miniature art. He was given several prestigious awards including the Shilp Guru/Master Craftsperson award by the vice-president of India on 9 September 2006. Badri Lal Chitrakar's grandson, Manish Soni is also a very well known and sought after artist not just in India but around the world.
  • Bhilwara is famous for its 'Fad Paintings' which are depictions of traditional stories on cloth using naturally available colours.
  • Sports: Bhilwara is the source of national basketball team players. Coach Mohit Bhandari is the national coach for basketball.
  • Shri Yogendra Sharma is an international poet and one of the best poets of India.
  • Bhilwara is famous for KAVI Sammelans (Poet Conference) since 1965 when Dr. Yugal Kishore Surolia held continuously assembly of renowned poets from all over India.

Medical[edit]

Bhilwara has large number of hospitals and is gradually becoming a medical hub in Rajasthan. Mahatma Gandhi Government Hospital is one of the biggest in the Mewar region. Ram Snehi Hospital is among major medical service providers. Other major private service providers include Smt. Kesar Bai Soni Hospital assisted by Apollo Hospital Ahmedabad, Arihant Hospital, Red Crescent Uro-Surgical Hospital, Krishna Hospital, Ajmera eye & gynice (specialist) Hospital and for critical care Shree Govind Multispecility Hospital. Bhilwara has emerged as an attraction for orthopedic surgeries as well.

Tourism[edit]

  • Badnore Fort is 70 km from Bhilwara on the Bhilwara Asind road.
  • Pur Udan Chatri is about 10 km from Bhilwara city. It is famous for Udan Chatri, Adhar Sheela Mahadev where a huge rock is resting on a small one.
  • Kyara ke Balaji has a natural image of Lord Hanuman. It is said that the image spontaneously appeared on the rock. Patola Mahadev Temple,Ghata Rani Temple, Beeda ke Mataji Temple and Neelkanth Mahadev Temple are nearby attractions situated on the beautiful hills of the Aravali mountain range.
  • The Bhilwara Municipal corporation is developing a tourist place at Gata Rani Mandir.
  • The Madhav Gou Vigyan Anusandhan Kendra (Madhav Cow Science Research Centre), Village Gaadarmala(Pur) is a very popular Gousala.
  • Mandal is around 16 km from Bhilwara city; it has the Battis Khambon ki Chhatri. As the name implies, this is a handsome chhatri made of sandstone with 32 pillars. Some of them have beautiful carving at the base and the upper portion. Within this chatri a huge Shivling is situated.
  • Harni Mahadev: Founded by the ancestors of the Darak family, a Shivling lies under the mountain, built into a Shiva temple is 8 km from the city. It got the name Harni on the name of village near it, a nice place for people from the city for outing as it has hills around. On the occasion of Shiv Ratri a three-day fair is held here. Near this Chamunda mata Mandir is a hill from where one can have a view of whole city. Dadi dham temple is also there on the way.
  • Gayatri shakti peeth near roadways bus stand.
  • Dhanop Mataji: 3 km away from sangariya village in shahpura tehsil.
  • Shri Beed ke Balaji: 3 km away from kanechhan village in shahpura tehsil.
  • Shri Charbhujanath temple: situated at kotri tehsil.
  • Bagore Sahib is Sh. Guru Govind Singh Ji stayed here when he was on journey to Punjab. This historical Gurdwara is situated at a distance of 20 km from town Mandal in Village Bagore of Tehsil Mandal, District Bhilwara, Rajasthan. This holy place has been blessed by the visit of the Tenth Sikh Guru, Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

Cultural Fests and Fairs[edit]

  • Ganesh Mela, Ganesh Temple, Gandhi Nagar, Bhilwara
  • Tejaji Mela, Tejaji chowk, Bhilwara
  • Harni Mahadev Mela, Village Harni, Bhilwara
  • Gangapur Pashu Mela (Gangapur Cattle Fair), Gangapur, Bhilwara
  • Gyaras Mata Mela, Pur, Bhilwara
  • Sawai Bhoj Ka Mela, Asind, Bhilwara
  • Phool Dol Mela, Shahpura, Bhilwara
  • Jal Jhoolani Ekadasha, Kotri Charbhuja, Bhilwara
  • Dhanop Mataji Mela, Village Dhanop Shahpura, Bhilwara
  • Joganiya Mata Mela, Village Joganiya, Bhilwara
  • Dev Narayan Mela, Malaseri ki Oongra, Bhilwara
  • Ramdev Ji Ka Mela, Bagore, Mandal, Bhilwara
  • Tilaswan Mahadev Mela, Tilswan tirth, Village Tilaswan, Bhilwara
  • Badnore Pashu Mela (Badnore Cattle Fair), Badnore, Asind, Bhilwara
  • Chouth Mata Ji ka Mela, Raila, Bhilwara
  • Dashara Mela, Mandalgarh
  • 56 Bhog and Jal Jhoolani Ekadasha, danthal Charbhuja, Bhilwara (9 km from Bhilwara and 4 km from Haled)

References[edit]

External links[edit]