Bhim Sen Sachar

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Bhim Sen Sachar
Bhim Sen Sachar 1986 stamp of India.jpg
2nd Chief Minister of Punjab
In office
13 April 1949 – 18 October 1949
Preceded byGopi Chand Bhargava
Succeeded byGopi Chand Bhargava
In office
17 April 1952 – 23 January 1956
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byPratap Singh Kairon
Leader of Opposition in Punjab Assembly
In office
1940–1946
Preceded byGopi Chand Bhargava
Succeeded byIftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot
Governor of Odisha
In office
1956–1957
Preceded byP. S. Kumaraswamy Raja
Succeeded byY. N. Sukthankar
Governor of Andhra Pradesh
In office
1957–1962
Preceded byChandulal Madhavlal Trivedi
Succeeded byS. M. Shrinagesh
Personal details
Born(1894-12-01)1 December 1894
Peshawar, Punjab, British India (now in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan) [1]
Died18 January 1978(1978-01-18) (aged 83)
NationalityIndian
Political partyIndian National Congress
ProfessionPolitician

Bhim Sen Sachar (1 December 1894[2] – 18 January 1978[3]) was an Indian politician. He was the Chief Minister of Punjab, twice.

Biography[edit]

Sachar was born on 1 December 1894. He did BA and LLB in Lahore and practiced law in Gujranwala,[4] which is now in Pakistan. He was attracted to the freedom movement and joined the Indian National Congress party at a young age. In 1921, he was elected as the Secretary of Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee. By the time India gained independence in 1947, he was an important member of the party.

In 1949, the party selected him for the office of Chief Minister of Punjab. He took oath on 13 April 1949 and served until 18 October 1949. [5] The first elections in independent India were held in 1952 and the Punjab legislative assembly was formed for the first time that year. The Congress party won the provincial elections at this time, and Sachar became chief minister again, serving from 17 April 1952 to 23 January 1956.[6]

After he demitted office (due to internal party politics), Sachar was named governor of Odisha by the union government. He served from 1956 to 1957. He was then named governor of Andhra Pradesh and served from 1957 to 1962.

During the Emergency, he was arrested and sent to jail with some other dissident leaders of Congress party, who belonged to the "old school" of the party and had spoken against the increasing authoritarianism of Indira Gandhi and her son Sanjay.[7]

Personal life[edit]

Sachar was married at an early age to a girl of his own community, in a match arranged by parents. His son, Rajinder Sachar (b. 1923) was a lawyer and judge who served as Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court,[8] and was famously the Chairman of the Sachar Committee which produced a controversial report on the status of religious minorities in India. Veteran Indian journalist, left-wing activist and peacenik Kuldip Nayar is Sachar's son-in-law.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Who's who: Punjab Freedom Fighters, Volume 1. Patiala: Punjabi University. 1972. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  2. ^ "Our Governors". Rajbhavanorissa.gov.in. Archived from the original on 25 February 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
  3. ^ Bhim Sen Sachar Biography, History and Facts. Mapsofindia.com.
  4. ^ "B. S. Sachar". India Post. 14 August 1986. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  5. ^ Subhash Chander Arora (1991). Current Issues and Trends in Centre-state Relations: A Global View. Mittal Publications. p. 60. ISBN 978-81-7099-307-0.
  6. ^ "Chief Ministers". punjabassembly.nic.in. Archived from the original on 13 February 2007. Retrieved 21 December 2006.
  7. ^ Janak Raj Jai (1996). Narasimha Rao, the Best Prime Minister?. Regency Publications. p. 101. ISBN 978-81-86030-30-1.
  8. ^ Punjab ignores, Haryana honours Bhim Sen Sachar. The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. 10 December 2004
Government offices
Preceded by
C.M. Trivedi
Governor of Andhra Pradesh
1957–196
Succeeded by
S.M. Shrinagesh