Bhimavaram

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Bhimavaram
City
Somarama Temple of Gunupudi, Bhimavaram
Somarama Temple of Gunupudi, Bhimavaram
Nickname(s): 
Second Bardoli of India and Las Vegas of Andhra Pradesh
Bhimavaram is located in Andhra Pradesh
Bhimavaram
Bhimavaram
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Bhimavaram is located in India
Bhimavaram
Bhimavaram
Bhimavaram (India)
Coordinates: 16°32′35″N 81°31′23″E / 16.543°N 81.523°E / 16.543; 81.523Coordinates: 16°32′35″N 81°31′23″E / 16.543°N 81.523°E / 16.543; 81.523
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
RegionCoastal Andhra
DistrictWest Godavari district
MandalBhimavaram mandal
Founded byChalukya Bhima I
Government
 • BodyBhimavaram Municipal Corporatoin
 • MLAGrandhi Srinivas
Area
 • City25.64 km2 (9.90 sq mi)
 • Rank20 (Andhra Pradesh)
Elevation
7 m (23 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • City163,875
 • Rank23
 • Density6,400/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
 • Metro210,000
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
534 201

534 202

534 204

534 206
Area code08816
Vehicle registrationAP 37
Websitebhimavaram.cdma.ap.gov.in

Bhimavaram is a city and headquarters of West Godavari district of the Andhra Pradesh state of India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bhimavaram mandal. As of 2011 census, it is the most populous urban area in the district with a population of 210,000. It is one of the major pilgrimage centers in the state, which is home to Somaramam, one of the five great Pancharama Kshetras.[4]

History[edit]

Along with much of present-day coastal Andhra Pradesh, Bhimavaram was controlled by the Chola dynasty. Under Kulothunga Chola I, Bhimavaram was ruled by his sons who served as viceroys. Stone inscriptions have been found in the town dating from his reign (c. 1096 C.E.).[5]

Etymology[edit]

The name Bhimavaram literally means "the gift of Bhima". According to a legend, in around 890–918 AD, an Eastern Chalukya king named Chalukya Bheema built a Siva temple and laid the foundation to this town.[6] It was originally called "Bhimapuram", but the name gradually changed to "Bhimavaram"; "puram" refers to a dwelling place while "varam" means an endowment in Telugu.

Demographics[edit]

According to census 2011 information the sub-district code of Bhimavaram Block (CD) is 04984. Total area of bhimavaram mandal is 194 km² including 168.35 km² rural area and 26.14 km² urban area. Bhimavaram mandal has a population of 2,26,497 peoples, out of which urban population is 1,46,961 while rural population is 79,536. Bhimavaram has a population density of 1165 inhabitants per square kilometre. There are about 61,920 houses in the sub-district, including 39,174 urban houses and 22,746 rural houses.

When it comes to literacy, 72.21% population of bhimavaram mandal is literate, out of which 75.32% males and 69.16% females are literate. There are about 14 villages in bhimavaram mandal, which you can browse from bhimavaram mandal villages list (along with gram panchayat information) below.

Economy[edit]

A patch of paddy fields near Bhimavaram

Bhimavaram is in the epicentre of the Godavari delta region. It is one of the principal trade centres of paddy in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Agriculture-based businesses like food processing, aqua culture, rice mills etc., are the chief sources of the town's revenue. It serves as a distribution centre as well as commercial centre to its hinterland. The town is the regional centre for higher education and is known for its specialized health services.[5]It has many major Retail brand shops like KLM, DMart, Coastal city centre etc..,

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

Its urban agglomeration covers Bhimavaram Municipal Corporation, partly out growths of Rayalam (rural) and Chinamiram. It has an area of 26.14 km2 (10.09 sq mi).[7]

Trace of Bhimavaram Municipality Evolution:[8]

  1. April 1948: Bhimavaram Municipal Corporation was established as a third grade Municipal Corporation.
  2. August 1963: Upgraded to a second grade municipality in August 1963.
  3. August 1967: Upgraded to a first grade municipality in August 1967.
  4. September 1980: Upgraded to a Special Grade Municipality in September 1980.
  5. September 2011: It was upgraded to 'Selection Grade municipality' in 2011.
  6. 1 January 2019: Bhimavaram Urban Development Authority created. Bhimavaram became a part of EUDA along with places in West Godavari District.

Politics[edit]

Bhimavaram assembly constituency is a legislative assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. Grandhi Srinivas is the current MLA.

Transport[edit]

The town has a total road length of 201.60 km (125.27 mi).[9] It is well connected with other places in the country by national highways. NH 216 passes through the town.

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Bhimavaram bus station.[10] Bhimavaram Junction railway station is classified as 'NSG-4' in South Central Railway zone.[11][12] The Gudivada–Bhimavaram section connects it with Howrah-Chennai main line.

Bhimavaram Town railway station is well-connected with daily trains to major cities like Hyderabad,Vizag,Tirupathi,Mumbai,Chennai and Bangalore.

There are as many as 269,137 vehicle owners are licensed according to transport officials in the town. Out of this, about 13,064 are autos, 1,236 school buses, 9,908 lorries, 11,129 cars, 204,728 motorbikes, 2,833 three-wheelers, 15 car travels, and 5 bus travel vehicles.[13]

The nearest airport to Bhimavaram is Rajahmundry Airport, which is 80 km away. Bhimavaram is located at distance of 120km from Vijayawada 265 km from Visakhapatnam and 400 km from Hyderabad

Culture[edit]

Bhimavaram is famous for the Gunupudi Someswara (Somarama) temple, which is one of the five holy Pancharamas and the temple of the local deity Mavullamma. The Shiva lingam is known for changing its color according to the lunar month: Black during amavasya and white during pournami.

The local deity Mavullamma is believed to have manifested here in the year 1200 CE with the temple being built around 1880 CE. According to local folklore the goddess manifested between a mango farm earning her the name Mamillamma (arising from mangoes) which was later adapted to Mavullamma.

Many people from the city have become notable in the Telugu cinema industry such as, Trivikram Srinivas, Sivaji Raja, Penmatsa Subbaraju, Sunil, Prabhas and Raja Ravindra.

Other notable personalities include Krishnam Raju Gadiraju, K. V. K. Raju, Yellapragada Subbarao in science, mystic Swami Jnanananda, Industrialists B. V. Raju, Byrraju Ramalinga Raju and freedom fighter Alluri Sitarama Raju.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided, and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[14][15] The mediums of instruction followed by schools are English and Telugu.

There are numerous higher educational institutions in and around Bhimavaram.[16] Some of the renowned institutions are S.R.K.R Engineering College,[17] D.N.R Educational Institutions,[18] K.G.R.L Group of Educational Institutions,[19] Sri Vishnu Educational Society,[20] Bhimavaram Institute of Engineering & Technology,[21] Grandhi Varalakshmi Venkatarao Institute of Technology (GVIT),[22] Dr. C.S.N. degree and P.G college.

Other schools[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Andhra Pradesh (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de.
  3. ^ "Andhra Pradesh (India): State, Major Agglomerations & Cities – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de.
  4. ^ "Toursim [sic]". Bhimavaram Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 16 March 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  5. ^ a b "About Bhimavaram Municipality". Bhimavaram Municipal Corporation. 2011. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  6. ^ "Welcome to Bhimavaram Info". bhimavaraminfo.com. Archived from the original on 6 July 2007. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
  7. ^ "District Census Handbook – West Godavari" (PDF). Census of India. p. 22,23–54. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  8. ^ "Administration". Bhimavaram Municipality. Retrieved 29 March 2016.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "Details of Roads in each ULB of Andhra Pradesh". Commissioner and Directorate of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration and Urban Developmemt Department – Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 1 August 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  10. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  11. ^ "Vijayawada Division – a profile" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  12. ^ "BVRM/Bhimavaram Junction Railway Station". India Rail Info. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  13. ^ "Traffic hurdles in Bhimavaram aplenty". Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  14. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  15. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  16. ^ "Bhimavaram Schools, Colleges, Engineering Colleges, Degree Colleges List – BhimavaramTV.com". bhimavaramtv.com. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014.
  17. ^ "SRKR Engineering College". srkrec.ac.in.
  18. ^ "(Autonomous) Affiliated to Andhra University, Reaccredited at the "A" Level by NAAC". DNR College. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  19. ^ "Kgrl College". Kgrlcollege.net. Archived from the original on 1 August 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  20. ^ "Sri Vishnu Educational Society". srivishnu.edu.in.
  21. ^ "Home". bietbvrm.ac.in.
  22. ^ "Welcome to GVIT". www.gvit.ac.in.

External links[edit]