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Bhinna Shadja is a raga of Hindustani classical music belonging to the Bilaval Thaat (Melakarta No. 29 Dheerashankarabharanam). It contains five Shuddha Swaras: Shadaja, Gandhar, Madhyama, Dhaivata and Nishad. Rishabh and Pancham are omitted. In the form of notation it contains S,G,M,D and N.
In Carnatic music, these five swaras are termed Shadja -Sa, AntaraGandhar -ga, Suddha Madhyama- ma, Chatusruti Dhaivata -dhi and KakaliNishad –nu.
In Western classical notation, the notes are termed tonic, perfect third, perfect fourth, perfect sixth and perfect seventh; i.e., C, E, F, A and B; second D and fifth G notes are omitted.
Raga Bhinna Shadja is known by many alternate names such as Audawa Bilawal, Bhookosh, Dinka Malkosh, Hindoli, Koushikdhwani and Kousidhani.
Jati (based on the number of notes used in the raga) Audava-Audava/five notes-five notes
Arohana: SG, MD, NS’’;
Avarohana: S’’, ND, MG, S
Vadi (Sonant) M;
Nyasa Swaras (resting notes) - G, D
Pakad (distinctive tonal phrase) - S’’, NDMG, MG->S
Chalan (sample melodic combinations)-
S, 'NS, 'N'D, 'M'D'N S, 'D'N SM-G, SGMDGM-G, MG->S; 'D'N SG, SGSM-G, SGMD, GMND, MG, MDNS’’, DNS’’G’’'S’’, S’’G’’M’’G’’S’’,
MDNS’’ ND, GMDNDMG, SGMDGMG->S.
Gaan Samaya (Preferred Time)- 10 p.m.-1 a.m.
Raga Bhinnashadaja of Carnatic music has a different melodic structure. However, Carnatic ragas Chandrakauns, Daka and Dakka of Dheerasankarabharanam Melkarta are scale-congruent with Bhinnashadaja of Hindustani classical music (Ref - Raga Pravaham)
Similar ragas from Hindustani music - Rageshri, Chakradhar, and Hemant
Similar raga from Carnatic music - Chandrakauns, Daka and Dakka
Popular compositions based on this raga
Yaad Piyaki Aaye- Thumri- Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan; Zalima Coca-Cola Pila De - Film Song - Noor Jehan