|• Total||300 km2 (100 sq mi)|
|Elevation||270 m (890 ft)|
|• Density||2,100/km2 (5,500/sq mi)|
|• Regional||Rajasthani, Ahirwati|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||RJ-IN|
|Vehicle registration||RJ 40|
Bhiwadi is a planned city in Khairthal district of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located 85 km away from the city of Alwar and situated on the Rajasthan-Haryana border. Bhiwadi is considered to be a hub for Taiwanese and Japanese companies. The city is divided into three separate zones, which are the residential, industrial and commercial zones. In recent years, it also became one of the most polluted cities in the world in terms of air pollution.
Location and Infrastructure
Bhiwadi is situated at 28.21°N, 76.87°E. It is 60 km away from New Delhi, 200 km from Jaipur, 90 km from Alwar, 40 km from Gurgaon and 50 km from Faridabad (PROP Touch India Sec-49). It can be reached through the National Highway NH48 (Delhi-Jaipur highway) via Dharuhera, in 50 min from Hero Honda Chowk (Gurgaon) and in 70-90 min from IGI Airport, New Delhi. It can also be reached by the Gurgaon-Sohna-Tauru-Dharuhera road.
The nearest railway station is Rewari Junction, 26 km south of city.
The nearest Airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport, 55 km north of the city.
Demographics and population
As of the 2021 census of India, Bhiwadi had a population of 6,04,883. However, it is estimated that the Bhiwadi Municipality's population is approximately 6,44,000 people, and will grow in the following years - by 2030, it is expected that more than 10,73,000 people will live in the city. Males and females constitute 57% and 43% of the population respectively, with 59,712 males and 45,209 females. That means that there are 800 females per 1000 males. According to the 2011 census of India, children under the age of 6 make 16.29% of the city's total population. 79.84% of Bhiwadi's population is literate, which is almost 15% higher than the average literacy in Rajasthan, the state were the city is located. Male's literacy rate is almost 20% higher than female's, with 87.2% of men having the ability to read and write compared to women's 69.87%.
According to the census, 87.94% of the population follows the religion of hinduism, 10% recognises themselves as muslims, 1.34% are sikh. 0,68% follows other religions, and 0.03% do not believe in any.
The town is spread over nearly 5,300 acres with houses covering around 2,700. The town contains a range of large, medium and small scale industries, from steel mills and furnaces to automobile and electronics manufacturing.
Climate and geography
During the summer, the weather in the city gets hot, while temperatures in winter are fairly cool. The maximum and minimum temperatures ever recorded are ~47 °C and ~3 °C respectively. The average wind velocity is 5 km/h, while the humidity is around 70%. Bhawadi is located 270 m above sea level. In terms of natural sites nearby, the Arawali mountain (Aravalli Range) is located 95 km South-East of the city. The Sariska Tiger Reserve, which is also a popular tourist destination, is located 120 km south of the city.
In 2021 and 2022 Bhiwadi was deemed one of the most polluted cities in the world by IQAir, a Swiss air quality technology company. In 2022, Bhiwadi ranked 3rd in the worst air quality list by IQAir in the world after Lahore and Hotan, with an annual average PM2.5 concentration of 92.7 μg/m³. In some months, such as April, the monthly average PM2.5 concentration becomes as bad as 150 μg/m³, which exceeds the WHO guideline by 30 times.
- Kundli-Manesar-Palwal Expressway
- National Highway 8 (India)
- Industrial Area Khushkhera
- "Bhiwadi: NCR's low-cost industry, housing hub". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 26 August 2023.
- "Rajasthan's Bhiwadi most polluted city in the world". The Times of India. Retrieved 25 August 2023.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- "Bhiwadi Town Population Census 2011 - 2023". Census Commission of India. Retrieved 26 August 2023.
- "Business News Today: Read Latest Business news, India Business News Live, Share Market & Economy News".
- "Georgraphy of Bhiwadi". Bhiwadionline.in. Retrieved 25 August 2023.
- "World's most polluted cities". IQAir. Retrieved 26 August 2023.