Bhiwandi

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Bhiwandi

Bheema Puri
Bhiwandi is located in Maharashtra
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi is located in India
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi
Coordinates: 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°E / 19.296664; 73.063121Coordinates: 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°E / 19.296664; 73.063121
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictThane
Government
 • MayorRishika Raka, Indian National Congress
 • Municipal CommissionerManohar Hire
Elevation
24 m (79 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total709,665[1]
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneIST
PIN
421 302, 421305, 421308
Telephone code02522
Vehicle registrationMH-04
Websitewww.bhiwandi360.com

Bhiwandi (About this soundpronunciation ) is a city in the Thane district of Maharashtra state in Konkan division, located 20 km to the north-east of Mumbai and 15 km to the north-east of Thane city. The exact location of Bhiwandi is 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°E / 19.296664; 73.063121.[2]

Bhiwandi city, the headquarters of the taluka of Bhiwandi, comes under the administration of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur City Municipal Corporation. The city is part of the Greater Mumbai metropolitan agglomeration. According to the 2011 census, the total population of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation area was 709,665.[1]

History[edit]

Bhiwandi was initially inhabited by the Kolis and Konkanis who were fishermen and used to live near the Konkan sea coast. Bhiwandi was once a trading town as it had its own port (Bandargah) in Bunder Mohalla. The Mughals built their Eidgah in Bhiwandi which is today located at Eidgah Road.[citation needed]

The city of Kolis was known by the name Kolwan. The tribal people of the region of Konkan were called Kolis and they are traditional fishermen. Some of the traditional wooden fishing boats can be seen even today in the Bhiwandi area. The Kolis have their own customs and speak a different dialect of Marathi.[3]

Bhiwandi city's total population was about half a million in 2001. The bulk of the population forms the workforce for a number of textile and other industries. The first textile loom was set up by Khan Saheb Samad Seth in 1927. He told the local people to sell gold and purchase iron. His slogan was "sona becho aur lokhand kharido", which means invest your money in power looms by selling the golds you have. Today the city of Bhiwandi has about half a million power looms, though handlooms are few in number. For this reason, Bhiwandi is known as 'Manchester of India'.

Business[edit]

The city of Bhiwandi, known for its textile industry, has the largest number of power looms and handlooms in the country[4] and is dubbed as 'The Manchester of India'.[5][6] A major portion of the population is employed by the power loom sector.[7]

Bhiwandi has been developing as an industrial hub for the textile industry in the past, and all industries and logistics sectors in recent times. Bhiwandi is the next development region for MMRDA, which has developed other regions such as Bandra - Kurla Complex, Mumbai Metro & Monorail Project, Eastern freeway and many more. Close proximity to Mumbai and Thane, and development of the region by MMRDA, make Bhiwandi an ideal place for businesses to locate. Availability of a 24-hour power supply, and availability of workers due to proximity to the industrial city of Bhiwandi, facilitate the setting up of an industrial unit. Availability of transporters having country wide presence in proximity makes it an ideal location for warehousing.[8]

Transport[edit]

Bhiwandi is connected to all parts of India through only roadways.

Road[edit]

NH3 highway passes through the city of Bhiwandi which makes seamless connectivity to each corner of India. Taxi and auto rickshaws are available in the city. Bhiwandi is connected through the neighbouring cities Mumbai, Thane, Kalyan, Navi Mumbai and other parts of Maharashtra. TMT, NMMT, KDMT and MSRTC buses support the city.[citation needed]

Railways[edit]

Bhiwandi has two railway stations, Bhiwandi Road railway station and Kharbao railway station. These come under central railway administration. Local trains ply from Panvel - Diva- Dombivali to Vasai - Boisar connecting Bhiwandi.[citation needed]. Locals commute through passenger trains which have fixed timing. The trains connect to central railways at Kopar railway station and western railways at Vasai railway station. Metro is soon going to start in Bhiwandi, connecting Kalyan and Thane.

Airways[edit]

The nearest airport is Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport in Mumbai. The upcoming airport is at Navi Mumbai.[9]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, the total population of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation area is around 1 million.[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bhiwandi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.4
(93.9)
35.3
(95.5)
37.6
(99.7)
39.5
(103.1)
42.8
(109.0)
39.6
(103.3)
33.5
(92.3)
33.2
(91.8)
34.5
(94.1)
37.6
(99.7)
36.7
(98.1)
34.5
(94.1)
42.8
(109.0)
Average high °C (°F) 29.2
(84.6)
30.5
(86.9)
32.4
(90.3)
34.2
(93.6)
34.4
(93.9)
31.2
(88.2)
29.1
(84.4)
28.6
(83.5)
29.4
(84.9)
33.3
(91.9)
32.4
(90.3)
31.2
(88.2)
31.3
(88.3)
Average low °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
16.5
(61.7)
19.5
(67.1)
22.7
(72.9)
25.2
(77.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.2
(75.6)
23.7
(74.7)
22.8
(73.0)
22.3
(72.1)
19.4
(66.9)
16.3
(61.3)
−1.1
(30.0)
Record low °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
8.3
(46.9)
16.5
(61.7)
18.6
(65.5)
20.2
(68.4)
21.1
(70.0)
19.6
(67.3)
18.9
(66.0)
19.2
(66.6)
18.6
(65.5)
16.5
(61.7)
12.4
(54.3)
6.7
(44.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 3.6
(0.14)
1.0
(0.04)
1.3
(0.05)
2.0
(0.08)
21.3
(0.84)
502.4
(19.78)
1,015.7
(39.99)
584.2
(23.00)
336.3
(13.24)
95.3
(3.75)
12.9
(0.51)
2.0
(0.08)
2,578
(101.5)
Average rainy days 0 0 0 0 1 14 31 24 15 6 1 0 92
Mean monthly sunshine hours 269.4 259.3 272.9 286.4 295.6 143.3 73.2 71.2 157.5 234.5 245.6 254.2 2,563.1
Source: Government of Maharashtra

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/364-bhiwandi.html
  2. ^ a b http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_2_PR_Cities_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf
  3. ^ "We Welcome you to Bhiwandi Nizampur City Municipal Corporation website". www.bncmc.gov.in. Archived from the original on 1 October 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  4. ^ Katakam, Anupama (28 February – 12 March 2004). "Victims of 'new economy'". Frontline. The Hindu. 21 (5).
  5. ^ Subbu, Ramnath (8 August 2005). "Deluge takes heavy toll of industry". [The Hindu].
  6. ^ "The City Of No Joy". The Times of India. 10 July 2006.
  7. ^ "Redefining Industrial, Warehousing Spaces - Mahavir Complex". Mahavir Dev Group.
  8. ^ "Amazon.in to open second warehouse in India". intoday.in.
  9. ^ Raghunath, Satyaki. "Airport privatisation in India: Investment opportunities in the next phase of development." Journal of Airport Management 4.3 (2010): 235-251.