Page semi-protected

Bhiwandi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi is located in Maharashtra
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi is located in India
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi
Coordinates: 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°E / 19.296664; 73.063121Coordinates: 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°E / 19.296664; 73.063121
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictThane
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyBhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation
 • MayorPratibha Vilas Patil, Konark Vikas Aghadi
 • Municipal CommissionerDr. Pankaj Ashiya IAS
Elevation
24 m (79 ft)
Population
 (2011)[citation needed]
 • Total709,665
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneIST
PIN
421 302, 421305, 421308
Telephone code02522
Vehicle registrationMH-04
Websitewww.bncmc.gov.in

Bhiwandi (About this soundpronunciation ) is a city in the Thane district of Maharashtra, Konkan. It is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) northeast of Mumbai and 15 km (9.3 mi) northeast of the city Thane. The exact location of Bhiwandi is 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°E / 19.296664; 73.063121.[citation needed]

The city of Bhiwandi also houses the headquarters of the tehsil of Bhiwandi and is under the administration of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation. The city is a part of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. According to the 2011 census, the total population of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation area was 709,665.[citation needed]

History

Bhiwandi is a commercial city in the Thane district of Western Maharashtra. Bhiwandi lies in the Konkan coastal lowland with hills and streams. Bhiwandi is well-known as a major trade center. The city is the major link between Mumbai and the rest of India through the Mumbai–Agra highway.

In the early 16th century, Bhiwandi once had a port on the Kamwadi River in Bunder Mohalla. Waswoods and spices were traded the most from the port. During the Moghul Empire reign, the city of Bhiwandi was known by the name "Islamabad". There is a mosque named Islamabad Masjid and Eidgah. Bhiwandi has oldest dargah at Diwanshah named as "Qutub e Konkan Sayyad Hussain malik shah Qadri Uruf Diwanshah Baba". Each year Urus of Diwanshah Baba is celebrated as a festival and gathering of fifteen days with many cultural programs, naat qawwali, rides for children, and food stalls.

In the early 20th century, Bhiwandi was a small town inhabited mainly by Maharashtrians. Most people worked in agriculture, fishing and weaving. With the introduction of electricity, handlooms were replaced by power looms. It became a hub of the textile industry in the 1930s. Rais High School and Jr. College is the oldest school in Bhiwandi at old Thane Road, founded in 1927 by Sardar Haji Ameer Sahab rais.[1]

With the decline of the textile industry in Mumbai, Bhiwandi became attractive to textile companies due to the convenience of transport and 24-hour power service. Bhiwandi's power loom is the second-largest power loom after the one in Surat. Bhiwandi produces and transports most of the power loom for the textile industry all over India. But sadly Bhiwandi textile industry began to decline after 2012. Improper and sudden enactment of new GST laws hit the power loom industry badly, and one of the main things most power loom owners do not know is the potential market to sell their products. They rarely obtain good value for their product because they sell the cloth by way of third parties, mostly from Gujrat, having good contact with mills. Those third parties only do lesion work and get over 60% margin of profit. Bhiwandi power loom owner having hope for revolution from new MLA Rais Shaikh (2020), otherwise the power loom industry in Bhiwandi will sink soon.[2]

The increase in Bhiwandi's population is directly or indirectly related to the power loom industry. The place is also known for its large godowns which are considered Asia's largest.[3]

Bhiwandi initially was inhabited by the Kolis and Konkanis who were fishermen that used to live near the Konkan sea coast. Bhiwandi was once a trading town as it had its own port (Bandargah) in Bunder Mohalla. Some of the traditional wooden fishing boats can be seen even today in the Bhiwandi area. The Kolis have their own customs and speak a different dialect of Marathi.[4] Bhiwandi is mostly occupied by immigrant people from Uttar Pradesh, especially from Azamgarh District of Uttar Pradesh. They occupy mostly Diwanshah, Azmi Nagar, Ghaibi Nagar, and Shanti Nagar Area of Bhiwandi.[5]

Bhiwandi's total population was about 500,000 in 2001. The bulk of the population forms the workforce for a number of textile and other industries. The first textile loom was set up by Khan Saheb Samad Seth in 1927. He told the local people to sell gold and purchase iron. Today the city of Bhiwandi has about 500,000 power looms, though handlooms are few in number.

Business and Employment

The city of Bhiwandi, known for its textile industry, has the largest number of power looms and handlooms in the country.[6][7][8] The majority of the population is employed in the power loom sector.[9]

Bhiwandi initially developed as an industrial hub for the textile industry but more recently has hosted other industries and logistics sectors. Bhiwandi is among Asia’s biggest warehousing hubs. It is a major contributor to the logistic landscape of Mumbai and India due to close proximity to Nhava Seva port of Mumbai and servicing Mumbai, India’s financial capital. Many e-commerce companies like Amazon (company), Flipkart, Reliance Industries, Snapdeal, and FedEx have branches in the city. A warehousing hub dispatches hundreds of thousands of retail and industrial goods to consumers in the financial capital every day. Bhiwandi is the next developed region for MMRDA, which has developed other regions such as the Bandra–Kurla Complex, Mumbai Metro, Monorail Project, and Eastern Freeway.[10]

After 2012, when Bhiwandi power loom industry began to decline suddenly after improper implementation of GST and Demonetization,[11] Bhiwandi's population lacked specific skills to do other jobs, as they had fully relied on the power loom industry. Some people migrated back to their native places in UP. Others started businesses, like selling whole-sale groceries and general items. Bhiwandi's population could not obtain job opportunities in Mumbai and suburbs due to a lack of transportation. Until 2020, Bhiwandi people had three types of businesses – power loom; lot items of groceries; and small hotels, tea stalls, or food delivery firms. During the Covid-19 crisis, when hotels were facing difficulties, Jedlo – a new rising food delivery supply chain network – got coverage and business.[12]

Bhiwandi has good employment opportunities, having large numbers of warehouses of supply chain companies like Amazon (company), Flipkart, and Snapdeal. Various mills are available near Anjurphata and Rehnal village. But most companies do not prefer to take Bhiwandi citizens for jobs; they hire Vasai, Kopar, Mumbai, Mumbra, Kalyan, and Thane people.[citation needed]

Education and Institutes

In the 1800s and 1900s, Bhiwandi was not very education-oriented. At the end of 2008, people in Bhiwandi started facing business crises in the power loom sector and also began thinking about education and jobs. The oldest school of Bhiwandi is S.H.A Rais High School and Junior College, founded in 1927 by Sardar Haji Ameer Sahab Rais. It is an Urdu medium school on old Thana Road, having education from 5th standard to 10th standard (Urdu Medium), 11th and 12th (Science, arts, commerce, MCVC) in Urdu/English mediums. BNN College is the government college present in Bhiwandi. There is one medical and one engineering college present in Bhiwandi. The medical college is Sai Homeopathy College at Dugad Phata. Its admission process is controlled by DMER. The engineering college is the Universal College of Engineering at Kaman Road.[13] After the Covid-19 lockdown, most of the institutes began online education. Talha Ask Education did good work for online free education during the lockdown, run by Er. Talha Shaikh Hanafi Sir.[citation needed]

List of available institutes in Bhiwandi:

Name Address Level of education Registration status
SHA Rais High School Old Thana Road 12th Standard Govt. Aided
BNN College Kamat Ghar Post Graduation and Diploma Government
GM Momin Womans College Rais Campus Doctorate Govt. Aided
Samadiya High School Samad Nagar Post Graduate Govt. Aided
Alhamd High School and Junior College Raushan Baugh 12th standard Private
Alhuda College Nizampura 12th standard Private
Aqsa Girls High School Bhusar Mohalla 12th standard Private
Universal College of Engineering Kaman Road Engineering Graduate Private
Sai Homeopathy Medical College Dugad Phata Medical Graduation Private

Infrastructure

Dhobi Talab Stadium (Parshiv ram Tawre Stadium) is one of Bhiwandi's famous places, having a good playground and well-constructed pavilions. Bhiwandi has a large water treatment plant at Panjrapur, having 455 MLD capacity it is one of the largest water treatment plants in Asia.[14] Bhiwandi has a national highway passing through it. A city bus proposal was made to start in Bhiwandi but canceled due to the Auto Rikshaw strike. Bhiwandi has a central railway station at Anjur Phata. The train station has a link with the central railways and the local train of Mumbai, as well. Bhiwandi Metro Project (Mumbai Metro line 5) is proposed with completion anticipated in 2025.[15]

Transportation

Road

The NH3 highway passes through the city of Bhiwandi. Only auto-rickshaws are available in the city. Bhiwandi is well connected by all the highways and it is among the largest hubs for logistics and warehouses and pin code of Bhiwandi is 421308. Bhiwandi is connected to the neighbouring cities Mumbai, Thane, Kalyan, Navi Mumbai, Vasai-Virar, Wada, and other parts of Maharashtra.

Railways

Bhiwandi has two railway stations: Bhiwandi Road railway station and Kharbao railway station, both of which are under Central Railway administration. Locals commute via passenger trains. The trains connect to central line railways at Kopar railway station, western line railways at Vasai Road Railway Station, and Harbor Line at Panvel railway station.

Airways

Currently the nearest airport is Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport Mumbai, 45 km (28 mi) from Bhiwandi. Upon completion, the Navi Mumbai International Airport shall be the nearest airport at a distance of 45 km (28 mi) from Bhiwandi.

Festivals

Bhiwandi has a very inclusive demography with different religions, Eid al-Fitr and Ganesh Chaturthi and various other festivals are celebrated.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, the total population of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation area is around 1 million.[citation needed]

Climate

Climate data for Bhiwandi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.3
(97.3)
35.3
(95.5)
37.6
(99.7)
39.5
(103.1)
42.8
(109.0)
39.6
(103.3)
33.5
(92.3)
33.2
(91.8)
34.5
(94.1)
37.6
(99.7)
36.7
(98.1)
34.5
(94.1)
42.8
(109.0)
Average high °C (°F) 29.2
(84.6)
30.5
(86.9)
32.4
(90.3)
34.2
(93.6)
34.4
(93.9)
31.2
(88.2)
29.1
(84.4)
28.6
(83.5)
29.4
(84.9)
33.3
(91.9)
32.4
(90.3)
31.2
(88.2)
31.3
(88.3)
Average low °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
16.5
(61.7)
19.5
(67.1)
22.7
(72.9)
25.2
(77.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.2
(75.6)
23.7
(74.7)
22.8
(73.0)
22.3
(72.1)
19.4
(66.9)
16.3
(61.3)
−1.1
(30.0)
Record low °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
8.3
(46.9)
16.5
(61.7)
18.6
(65.5)
20.2
(68.4)
21.1
(70.0)
19.6
(67.3)
18.9
(66.0)
19.2
(66.6)
18.6
(65.5)
16.5
(61.7)
12.4
(54.3)
6.7
(44.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 3.6
(0.14)
1.0
(0.04)
1.3
(0.05)
2.0
(0.08)
21.3
(0.84)
502.4
(19.78)
1,015.7
(39.99)
584.2
(23.00)
336.3
(13.24)
95.3
(3.75)
12.9
(0.51)
2.0
(0.08)
2,578
(101.5)
Average rainy days 0 0 0 0 1 14 31 24 15 6 1 0 92
Mean monthly sunshine hours 269.4 259.3 272.9 286.4 295.6 143.3 73.2 71.2 157.5 234.5 245.6 254.2 2,563.1
Source: Government of Maharashtra

See also

References

  1. ^ "S.H.A. Rais High School & Junior College | Konkan Muslim Education Society's". Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  2. ^ Basu, B. "Crisis in Bhiwandi powerloom sector". Itj Indian Textile Journal.
  3. ^ Bhatt, Shephali. "Inside Indian Ecommerce sector's favourite logistics hub: Bhiwandi" – via The Economic Times.
  4. ^ "We Welcome you to Bhiwandi Nizampur City Municipal Corporation website". www.bncmc.gov.in. Archived from the original on 1 October 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  5. ^ "6 lakh migrants in Maharashtra's Bhiwandi left in lurch amid lockdown". Hindustan Times. 17 May 2020. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  6. ^ Katakam, Anupama (28 February – 12 March 2004). "Victims of 'new economy'". Frontline. The Hindu. 21 (5).
  7. ^ Subbu, Ramnath (8 August 2005). "Deluge takes heavy toll of industry". [The Hindu].
  8. ^ "The City Of No Joy". The Times of India. 10 July 2006.
  9. ^ "Redefining Industrial, Warehousing Spaces - Mahavir Complex". Mahavir Dev Group.
  10. ^ "Amazon.in to open second warehouse in India". intoday.in.
  11. ^ "Small Businesses Worst Hit By GST, Demonetisation, Says Marico's Mariwala". BloombergQuint. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  12. ^ "From boom to bust: Bhiwandi's textile industry woes |". Citizen Matters. 8 January 2020. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  13. ^ "Degree Colleges in Bhiwandi – Courses, Fees, Reviews, Location, Ownership". university.careers360.com. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  14. ^ "BMC to upgrade Panjrapur water treatment plant". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  15. ^ "Mumbai: Metro Line 5 Phase 1 deadline revised to 2024". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 12 December 2020.

External links