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The Bhoi (also known as Bauri) is an ethnic community native to India.

In Odisha (Khurda, Puri,Cuttack,Jagatsinghpur, jajpur, kendrpara,Bhadrak and Balasore) the Bauri community are also known as Bhoi community and are traditionally leather tanners, lime makers and agricultural peasants. Their sur-name may be Dasa, Behera,ନାୟକ, singbhoi , Bhoi and Bauri. They were treated as untouchables because of their primary work which was that of leather tanning specially of cows and buffalows and making lime from snails and conch.[1]

In Gujarat, their traditional occupations include acting as palanquin-bearers, fishermen and water-carriers. They are a very low-ranked caste but not so low as to be untouchable.[2] There, according to The People of India, the community comprises various endogamous sub-groups.[3]

According to The People of India, the Bhois of Maharashtra originally lived in Mumbai, Nashik, Dhule, Jalgaon, Ahmednagar, Pune, Aurangabad, Kolhapur, Ratnagiri and Solapur districts of Maharshtra. They now live throughout the state. After India gained independence in 1947, they were included in the list of the Nomadic tribes for Maharashtra. The 22 sub-groups of the community found there use the Ahirani language within their family and within kin groups but speak in Marathi while talking to the others.[4]

The Bhoi are also found in Assam, where they are a Scheduled Tribe.[5]


  1. ^ Mohanty, Ramesh P. (2003). Dalits Development and Change: An Empirical Study. Discovery Publishing House. p. vii. ISBN 978-8-17141-696-7.
  2. ^ Hockings, Paul, ed. (1987). "Untouchability, the Untouchables and Social Change in Gujarat". Dimensions of Social Life: Essays in Honor of David G. Mandelbaum. Walter de Gruyter. p. 499. ISBN 978-3-11084-685-0.
  3. ^ Ghatak, N. K. (2003). "Bhoi". In Singh, K. S. The People of India: Gujarat, Part 1. Mumbai: Popular Prakashan. pp. 239–42. ISBN 81-7991-104-7.
  4. ^ Bose, D. K. "Bhoi". In Bhanu, B. V. The People of India: Maharashtra, Vol. 30, Part 1. Mumbai: Popular Prakashan. pp. 342–348. ISBN 81-7991-100-4.
  5. ^ Dikshit, Kamal Ramprit; Dikshit, Jutta K. (2013). North-East India: Land, People and Economy. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 370. ISBN 978-9-40077-055-3.