Bhojpuri region

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The Bhojpuri region (Nepali: भोजपुरी भाषी क्षेत्र; Hindi: भोजपुरी क्षेत्र; Urdu: بھوجپري علاقے‎) is an area encompassing parts of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh in northern India and the Bara and Parsa districts in Mithila province of Nepal where Bhojpuri language is spoken as a mother tongue language. Ujjainiya Rajputs of the former Shahabad district of ancient Bihar established their headquarters in the town of Arrah, Bhojpur district from where the whole region received its name.[1] Bhojpuri is also spoken in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, Jamaica, the Caribbean, Fiji, Mauritius, and South Africa. It is one of the national languages of Nepal and has official status in Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Fiji, Mauritius, and Suriname. The variant of Bhojpuri of the Indo-Caribbeans in the Caribbean (Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Jamaica, Suriname, and other parts of the Caribbean) is referred to as Caribbean Hindustani. In Mauritius a dialect of Bhojpuri remains in use, and it is locally called Bojpury. In Fiji the variant of Bhojpuri is Fiji Hindi. There is also a variant of Bhojpuri that is also spoke in South Africa.


Bhojpuri, a variant of Eastern Hindi, is chiefly spoken in this region, along with Nepali, Hindi or Urdu.


Culture of Bhojpuri region is a part of Nepalese culture and India's North-Central Cultural Zone akin to rest of North India.[2] Bhojpuri region is one of the most ancient regions of North India and Nepal and enjoys a rich heritage and culture, particularly because of its association with cities like Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Gazzipur, Mirzapur, Sasaram, Rohtas,Chhapra,Arrah,Buxer,Balia etc. However, the economic and industrial growth of this region had been greatly hindered because of caste-guided political in-fighting and a huge population.[3]


Among the major festivals celebrated are Chhath Puja, Tihar or Diwali, Dashain, Hori (Paguwa), Navraat, Dasahara, Ramnavami, Shivraat, Sekraat (Khichdi), Eid, Bakrid, Muharram, Easter, Bara din (Big day), Naya saal (New year) and many other festivals.

Traditional attire[edit]

Traditional dresses for men are dhoti-kurta or kurta-payjama with a headgear turban (pagri) and for women, it is lehnga/ghaghra choli (historical), often worn during regional folk dances, celebrations or wedding, however most of the women wear saree or kameez-salwar and men prefer western dress like shirt, pants, T-shirt and denim etc. In urban regions, women especially girls prefer wearing western outfits, whereas in rural regions, women are supposed to be in ghoonghat by using a dupatta (odhani) or pallu (loose end of a saree).

During winter, both men and women cover their body with a shaal and many warm clothes. Women cover their head and body with the shawl.

Ornaments include anguthi (ring) and kada/bera (a thick metallic bracelet) for men and for women, mangteeka (worn over the parting line of hair), bangles (kangan), chain (includes mangalsutra and jiutiya), and hansuli (a big and very thick metallic circular ring worn on the neck by older women).

Folk songs[edit]

Kajri, Barahmasi, Chaumas, Chaiti, Chautal, Hori (Phagua), Sawani, Chhath geet, Thumari, Kahrava, Birha, Kawwali, Alha, Nirgun, Kirtan, Jogia, Bhajan, Kavi sammelan, Musayara.

Folk dances[edit]

Dances of the Bhojpuri region include Nautanki, Dakdhin Nepal nach, Kathak, Ramlila, Krishnalila, Bandar and Bhalu dance, Kaharwa dance, Dhobiya dance, Thumka, Kirtan dance and Ahirwa dance.


Ethnic groups[edit]

Major ethnic groups include Kushwaha(Koeri), Kurmi, Yadav, Nishad, Kewat, Brahmin, Jatt, Rajput, Yadava, Ahir, Dusadh, Bhumihar, Pathan, Rajbhar and Teli.

Popular regional sports[edit]


Main article: Bhojpuri cuisine

Bhojpuri cuisine is a part of North Indian and Nepalese cuisine. It is a style of food preparation common amongst the Bhojpuri people living in Bihar and Purvanchal. Generally Bhojpuri peoples enjoy eating both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes. Bhojpuri cuisine is heavily influenced by Mughlai and its neighbouring Awadhi cuisines.

Popular dishes include litti chokha, mal pua during religious festivals, and dahi chura.


Bhojpuri language is spoken in the districts of Western Bihar, Eastern Uttar Pradesh which is called Purvanchal and middle Terai region, (Pashchimanchal and Madhyamanchal, Purbanchal) of Nepal.

Bihar Uttar Pradesh Nepal Jharkhand
Saran district Ballia district Rautahat district Palamu district
Siwan district Varanasi district Bara district Garhwa district
Gopalganj district Gorakhpur district Parsa district Latehaar
East Champaran district Maharajganj district Chitwan district
West Champaran district Ghazipur district Nawalparasi district
Kaimur district Mirzapur district Rupandehi district
Bhojpur district Mau district Kapilvastu district
Rohtas district Azamgarh district Sarlahi district
Buxar district Jaunpur district Morang district
Deoria district
Chandauli district
Kushinagar district
Sant Ravidas Nagar district


  1. ^ Kolff, Dirk H.A. (2002). Naukar, Rajput, and sepoy : the ethnohistory of the military labour market in Hindustan, 1450-1850. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 160. ISBN 0521523052. 
  2. ^ "North Central Zonal Cultural Centre". 2007-03-18. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  3. ^ [1] Archived August 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.

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