Habibganj - New Delhi Shatabdi Express
|Service type||Shatabdi Express|
|First service||November 14, 1988|
|Current operator(s)||Northern Railway zone|
|Distance travelled||707 km (439 mi)|
|Average journey time||8 hours 30 minutes (Approx.)|
|Train number(s)||12001 / 12002|
|Class(es)||Executive Chair Car, AC Chair Car|
|Observation facilities||LHB large windows|
|Track gauge||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)|
|Operating speed||150 km/h (93 mph) maximum
100 km/h (62 mph), including halts
The New Delhi Bhopal Habibganj Shatabdi Express is a train operated by the Northern Railway which runs between New Delhi, the main railway station of India's capital territory, New Delhi, and Habibganj the sub-urban railway station of Bhopal City, the state capital of central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. This is the second fastest train in India with the top speed of 155 km/h.
It runs on the New Delhi-Agra stretch. The train commenced service in 1988 and was the first Shatabdi train to be introduced. The train runs at an average speed of 100 km/h (62 mph), including halts. There is a plan by the IR to cut short its travel time of 2 hours 06 minutes to 1 hour 35 minutes (95 minutes) in the New Delhi -Agra section at an average speed of 125 km/h (78 mph) when the Maximum Permissible Speed in this section is enhanced to 200 km/h (124 mph). This train was been extended to Habibganj in the railway budget of 2014-15 .
The name "Shatabdi" means centenary in Sanskrit. The first Shatabdi Express train was introduced in 1988 to commemorate the birth centenary of Jawahar Lal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. Madhavrao Scindia was the Indian Railway Minister  at that point of time and the Shatabdi Express was his brainchild. The first Shatabdi Express was flagged off between New Delhi and Gwalior, which was later extended to Jhansi subsequently extended to Bhopal and Habibganj. It was planned to run this train between Gwalior(GWL) and New Delhi(NDLS), Indian Railways extended it to Jhansi for better patronage.
The trains are fully Air-conditioned and of a much higher standard than most Indian rail coaches. Shatabdi Express travelers are provided with snacks, meals, coffee/tea, a one-litre water bottle/ 300ml packaged water (for short distance journey) provided by the railways owned and operated subsidiary '"Rail Neer", and juice.
The train runs with new imported LHB coaches on all days. The cost of meals, breakfast etc. is all covered in the booking fare. The rake is shared with 12011/2 New Delhi - Kalka Shatabdi Express with actual RSA pattern unknown.
The train has 14 AC Chair cars, 2 AC First class, 2 power cars (Total 18 coaches), no further augmentation due to limitation of speed. LHB coaches have failed trials with more than 18 coaches at 150kmph. The train is expected to switch to HOG, where power for Hotel Load of the train is drawn from locomotive after commissioning of HOG fit WAP-5 locomotive.