Bhopal district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Bhopal.
Bhopal district
भोपाल जिला
District of Madhya Pradesh
Location of Bhopal district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Bhopal district in Madhya Pradesh
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
Administrative division Bhopal
Headquarters Bhopal
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Bhopal
Area
 • Total 2,772 km2 (1,070 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,368,145 (provisional)[1]
Demographics
 • Literacy 82.3%[2]
 • Sex ratio 911[1]
Website Official website

Bhopal District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The city of Bhopal serves as its administrative headquarters. The district is part of Bhopal Division.

History[edit]

Early history of the present-day district area is obscure. According to a legend, the area was part of "Mahakautar", a barrier of dense forests and hills separating North India from South India. 10th century CE onwards, names of Rajput rulers (including Bhoja) Malwa appear in the historical records. The number of Muslims rose after invasions by the Delhi Sultanate under Iltutmish. In 1401, Dilawar Khan Ghori (father of Hoshang Shah) took control of the territory, ruling from Dhar.[3]

In the 14th century, a Gond warrior Yadoram established a kingdom headquartered at Garh-Mandla. At the time of Mughal invasion of Malwa in 1561, the area was subdivided into territories known as chaklas. The present-day Bhopal district was part of the Ginnor chakla, which comprised 750 villages. The Gond warlord Nizam Shah controlled these villages from his fort of Ginnorgarh. After his death, the Afghan mercenary Dost Mohammad Khan managed the state's affairs on behalf of his widow Kamlapati. After her death, Khan usurped the territory, and acquired neighbouring territories to establish the Bhopal princely state. He founded the town of Islamnagar, and also established the modern city of Bhopal.[3] His son Yar Mohammad Khan paid tribute to the Marathas. After his death, there was a war of secession between Sultan Mohammad Khan and Faiz Mohammad Khan, during which the Nawabs of Bhopal had to cede some territories to the Marathas. Faiz was a religious recluse, and his step-mother Mamola Bai effectively ruled the state on his behalf. His successors maintained good relations with the East India Company, which eventually came to rule India.[3]

Between 1819 and 1926, Bhopal was ruled by four female rulers, including Begum Sultan Shah Jehan and Begum Kaikhusrau Jahan. After independence of India, her son Hamidullah Khan expressed his with to retain Bhopal as an independent unit, leading to public protests. On 30 April 1949, the Nawab relented and signed an Instrument of Accession to the Dominion of India.[4] The state was taken over by Government of India on 1 June 1949, resulting in the formation of Bhopal State (1949–56).

After the States Reorganisation Act of 1956, Bhopal state was integrated into the Sehore district of the newly formed state of Madhya Pradesh. The Bhopal city was declared as the capital of Madhya Pradesh. On 13 September 1972, the Government of Madhya Pradesh announced that Bhopal would be made a separate district. The Bhopal district was officially carved out of the Sehore district on 2 October 1972.[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Bhopal District has a population of 23,68,145,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Latvia[6] or the US state of New Mexico.[7] This gives it a ranking of 189th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 854 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,210/sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.46%.[5] Bhopal has a sex ratio of 911 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 82.26%.[5]

The district has an area of 2,772 km².[citation needed] According to the provisional data of the 2011 census, population of the district is 23,68,145 (12,39,378 males and 11,28,767 females) with a sex ratio of 911 females per 1000 males. Population density is 854/km²[1] Total literacy rate is 82.3% (male 87.4% and female 76.6%).[2]

Geography[edit]

Bhopal District is bounded by the districts of Guna to the north, Vidisha to the northeast, Raisen to the east and southeast, Sehore to the southwest and west, and Rajgarh to the northwest.

The city of Bhopal lies in the southern part of the district, and the majority of the population resides within Bhopal municipality. The town of Berasia lies in the northern part of the district.

Climate[edit]

Bhopal
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
13
 
 
25
10
 
 
7.8
 
 
29
12
 
 
7.2
 
 
34
17
 
 
4.5
 
 
38
22
 
 
8
 
 
41
26
 
 
114
 
 
37
25
 
 
356
 
 
31
23
 
 
388
 
 
29
22
 
 
196
 
 
31
21
 
 
26
 
 
32
18
 
 
14
 
 
29
14
 
 
12
 
 
26
11
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: IMD

Subdivisions[edit]

The Bhopal district has two tehsils: Berasia and Huzur. There are two community development blocks: Berasia and Phanda. The two tehsils are further sub-divided into units known as Patwari Halkas.[3]

Cities and towns[edit]

Berasia tehsil:

  1. Berasia (municipality)

Huzur tehsil

  1. Bhopal (municipal corporation)
  2. Kolar (municipality)

Villages in Berasia tehsil/block[edit]

  1. Agra
  2. Ajabpura
  3. Ajampur
  4. Amalya
  5. Amarpur
  6. Ankia
  7. Arjunkhedi
  8. Arrai Rai Singh
  9. Arrai Sardar Singh
  10. Arrawati
  11. Babachiya
  12. Babdi Khar
  13. Babukhedi
  14. Badbeli Khurd
  15. Badli
  16. Bagapura
  17. Bagraj
  18. Bagsi
  19. Bahrawal
  20. Bairagarh
  21. Bamhora
  22. Bamhori
  23. Bandikhedi (census code 482082)
  24. Bandikhedi (census code 482303)
  25. Bandrua
  26. Barbeli Kalan
  27. Barela Kheda
  28. Barkheda Baramad
  29. Barkheda Baramad Gunga
  30. Barkheda Kalan
  31. Barkheda Khurd
  32. Barkheda Moji
  33. Barkheda Yakub
  34. Barkhedi
  35. Barodi
  36. Barrai
  37. Barri Gujar
  38. Barri Mustsil Bagraj
  39. Barrichheer Kheda
  40. Beelkhoh
  41. Berkhedi
  42. Berkhedi Kalan
  43. Bhainsana
  44. Bhakwaha
  45. Bhatni
  46. Bhaupura
  47. Bhens Kheda
  48. Bhesoda
  49. Bhojapura
  50. Bhonrasa
  51. Bhujpura Kalan
  52. Bhujpura Khurd
  53. Bhungiyai
  54. Bijapur
  55. Bijawan Kalan
  56. Bijawan Khurd
  57. Bineka
  58. Birha Shyam Khedi
  59. Birhai
  60. Borpura
  61. Budhor Kalan
  62. Chakkheda
  63. Chanda Saloi
  64. Chandan Khedi
  65. Chandbad Kadim
  66. Chandpura
  67. Chapadiya
  68. Charpahadi Bazyaft
  69. Charpahari
  70. Chatahedi
  71. Chataua
  72. Chhapryai
  73. Daknai
  74. Dam Kheda
  75. Damila
  76. Danderi
  77. Dangroli
  78. Dariyapur
  79. Darwaji
  80. Dewalkheda
  81. Dhamantori
  82. Dhamarra
  83. Dhaturiya
  84. Dhekpur
  85. Dhokapura
  86. Dhonoura
  87. Dhoot Khedi
  88. Dillod
  89. Dohaya
  90. Dojyai
  91. Dolatpura
  92. Dongargaon
  93. Dungariya
  94. Gana Khedi
  95. Ganga Khedi
  96. Ganga Pipaliya
  97. Ganyari, Berasia
  98. Garenthiya Bazyft
  99. Garentiyadangi
  100. Garha Brahman
  101. Garha Kalan
  102. Garha Khurd
  103. Ghogalpur
  104. Gonda Khedi
  105. Gondipura
  106. Goria
  107. Goria Sankheda
  108. Gujartodi
  109. Gunga
  110. Habibganj
  111. Hamid Khedi
  112. Haripur
  113. Harrakheda
  114. Hingoni
  115. Hinoti Sadak
  116. Hinotiya Ghat
  117. Hinotiya Jagir, Berasia
  118. Hinotiya Piran
  119. Hiran Khedi
  120. Ijagiri
  121. Imalia Narendra
  122. Imaliya Swaroop
  123. Indarpura
  124. Jafrabad
  125. Jagmeri
  126. Jajankhedi
  127. Jamusar Kalan
  128. Jamusar Khurd
  129. Jangaliya Pura
  130. Jetpura
  131. Jhikariya Kalan
  132. Jhikariya Khurd
  133. Jhirniya
  134. Jhironiya Kankad
  135. Junapani (census code 482215)
  136. Junapani (census code 482243)
  137. Kachnariya
  138. Kadaia Brahman
  139. Kadaiya Kalan
  140. Kadaiya Khurd
  141. Kadaiya Kota
  142. Kadia Chabar
  143. Kadia Khoh
  144. Kalapatha
  145. Kalapipal
  146. Kalara
  147. Kalayanpura
  148. Kandi Khedi
  149. Kanera, Berasia
  150. Karanpura
  151. Karariya
  152. Karhaiya Shah
  153. Karondiya
  154. Keetai Dewapura
  155. Keetgarh
  156. Keetkhedi
  157. Keshokhedi
  158. Khadampur
  159. Khai Kheda
  160. Khajuria Ramdas
  161. Khajuria Ranku
  162. Khajuriya Kalan
  163. Khandariya
  164. Khata Khedi
  165. Khedi
  166. Khedli
  167. Khejra Babbar
  168. Khejra Ghat (census code 482058)
  169. Khejra Ghat (census code 482172)
  170. Khejra Gopi
  171. Khejra Kalyanpur
  172. Khejra Kamal
  173. Khejra Misar
  174. Khejra Padhar
  175. Kher Kheda
  176. Kherkhedi
  177. Khitwas
  178. Khuja Khedi
  179. Khukaria
  180. Kolu Khedi, Berasia (census code 482219)
  181. Kolu Khedi, Berasia (census code 482280)
  182. Kolu Khedi Kalan
  183. Kolu Khedi Khurd
  184. Kotra
  185. Kotra Chopra
  186. Kulhor
  187. Kutkipura
  188. Laharpur
  189. Lalariya
  190. Laloi
  191. Langarpur
  192. Latifpur
  193. Madnai
  194. Maholi
  195. Mahua Kheda, Berasia
  196. Mahuwa Kheda
  197. Mainapura
  198. Majheda Majhedi
  199. Majidgarh
  200. Malkari
  201. Manakund
  202. Mangalgarh
  203. Manikhedi (census code 482098)
  204. Manikhedi (census code 482297)
  205. Mankhiyai
  206. Manpur
  207. Manpura
  208. Megra Kalan
  209. Mengra
  210. Mithi Chhapri
  211. Moondla Chattan
  212. Mudia Kheda
  213. Mundla Chand
  214. Nalkheda
  215. Namdarpura
  216. Narela Bazyaft
  217. Narela Damodar
  218. Nay Samand
  219. Nazirabad
  220. Neem Khedi
  221. Nekli
  222. Netapura
  223. Nidanpur
  224. Padli
  225. Parason
  226. Pardi
  227. Parsora
  228. Parsoriya
  229. Parwaria
  230. Pasaiya
  231. Patalpani
  232. Patalpur (census code 482201)
  233. Patalpur (census code 482334)
  234. Pathariya
  235. Pipakhedi
  236. Pipal Khedi
  237. Pipalia Hasnabad
  238. Pipaliya Junnardar
  239. Pipaliya Kadim
  240. Pipalkheda
  241. Pipalkhedi
  242. Pura Khana
  243. Ramaha
  244. Ramgarha
  245. Rampura Balachon
  246. Rampura Khurd
  247. Ramtek
  248. Rani Khajuri
  249. Ratua Ratanpur
  250. Rawatpura
  251. Rehtai
  252. Richhai
  253. Rondia
  254. Ronjia Bazaft
  255. Runaha
  256. Rusalli
  257. Sagoni Jora
  258. Sagoni Kalan
  259. Sagoni Khurd
  260. Saloi Sangraj
  261. Sapaua
  262. Semra
  263. Semra Bheropura
  264. Semra Kalan
  265. Semri Kalan
  266. Semri Khurd
  267. Shahodra
  268. Shahpur, Berasia tehsil, Bhopal
  269. Sheshapura
  270. Shukla
  271. Sindhora
  272. Sonkatch
  273. Suhaya
  274. Sukaliya
  275. Sumer
  276. Sunga
  277. Surajpura
  278. Surana
  279. Syar Kalan
  280. Tanda
  281. Tarawli Kalan
  282. Tarawli Khurd
  283. Thikariya Banramda
  284. Thikariya Laxmanpur
  285. Tinoniya
  286. Umaraya
  287. Umariya
  288. Undrai
  289. Unida
  290. Untkheda
  291. Vichhnai

Huzur tehsil / Phanda block[edit]

  1. Acharpura
  2. Agariya
  3. Amarpura
  4. Amjhira
  5. Amoni
  6. Amrabad Kalan
  7. Anwala
  8. Arhedi
  9. Arwaliya
  10. Babadiya Khurd
  11. Badjhiri
  12. Bagarauda
  13. Bagli
  14. Bagoniya
  15. Bakaniya
  16. Balampur
  17. Bandori
  18. Bangrasia
  19. Bankhedi
  20. Bansiya
  21. Barkheda Bondar
  22. Barkheda Nathu
  23. Barkheda Salam
  24. Barkhedi Abdulla
  25. Barkhedi Hajjam
  26. Barrai
  27. Bavali Kheda
  28. Beenapur
  29. Berkhedi Bazyaft
  30. Bhairopur
  31. Bhanpur
  32. Bhauri
  33. Bherupura
  34. Bhoj Nagar
  35. Bilkhiriya Kalan
  36. Bilkhiriya Khurd
  37. Bishan Khedi
  38. Borda
  39. Borkhedi
  40. Bundrkha Sadak
  41. Chanched
  42. Chanderi
  43. Bhopal
  44. Chandukhedi
  45. Chhan (Chan)
  46. Chhapri
  47. Chhawani Adampur
  48. Chhindwada
  49. Chopda Kalan
  50. Chor Sagoni
  51. Dangroli
  52. Daulatpur Thikriya
  53. Deepdi
  54. Dehriya Kalan
  55. Deopur
  56. Deval Khedi
  57. Dhamaniya
  58. Dob
  59. Dobra
  60. Dobra Jagir
  61. Doobdi
  62. Dupadiya
  63. Fatehpur
  64. Fatehpur Dobra
  65. Ganyari, Huzur
  66. Garhmurra
  67. Ghasipura
  68. Ghat Khedi
  69. Gol
  70. Gol Khedi
  71. Gudari Ghat
  72. Guradiya
  73. Hajjampura
  74. Hatai Khedi
  75. Hinotiya Jagir, Huzur
  76. Imliya
  77. Int Khedichhap
  78. Intkhedi Sadak
  79. Islamnagar
  80. Jamoniya Kalan
  81. Jamoniyachhir
  82. Jat Khedi
  83. Jhagariya Khurd (census code 482441)
  84. Jhagariya Khurd (census code 482501)
  85. Jhapadiya
  86. Jhhirniya
  87. Jhiriya Kheda
  88. Kachhi Barkheda
  89. Kadhaiya
  90. Kajlas
  91. Kal Khedi
  92. Kala Pipal
  93. Kalan Khedi
  94. Kalapani
  95. Kalyanpur
  96. Kalyanpur
  97. Kalyanpura
  98. Kanasaiya
  99. Kanchbavli
  100. Kanera, Huzur
  101. Kardai
  102. Karhod Khurd
  103. Katara
  104. Khad Bamuliya
  105. Khajoori Sadak
  106. Khajuri
  107. Kham Kheda
  108. Khamla Khedi
  109. Khandabad
  110. Khar Khedi
  111. Kharpa
  112. Kharpi
  113. Khejdadeo
  114. Khetla Khedi
  115. Khinchital
  116. Khokariya
  117. Khori
  118. Khurchani
  119. Kodi
  120. Kodiya
  121. Kolu Khedi, Huzur
  122. Kolua Khurd
  123. Kotra
  124. Kurana
  125. Kushalpura
  126. Kuthar
  127. Lakhapur
  128. Lalpura
  129. Lamba Kheda
  130. Mahawadiya
  131. Mahua Kheda, Huzur
  132. Maksi
  133. Mali Khedi
  134. Manikhedi Kot
  135. Meerpur
  136. Mendora
  137. Mendori
  138. Mittu Khedi
  139. Mohammad Nagar (Sattikheda)
  140. Momanpur
  141. Moondla
  142. Mubarikpur
  143. Mugaliya Hat
  144. Mugaliyachhap
  145. Mungalia Kot
  146. Nandni
  147. Narela
  148. Narela Bazyafth
  149. Narela Hanumant Singh
  150. Neelbad (census code 482470)
  151. Neelbad (census code 482510)
  152. Nipaniya Jat
  153. Nipaniya Sukha
  154. Padariya Jat
  155. Panchawa
  156. Parewa Kheda
  157. Parvaliya Sani
  158. Parwaliya Sadak
  159. Phanda Kala
  160. Phanda Khurd
  161. Pipalia Chhaparband
  162. Pipaliya Berkhedi
  163. Pipaliya Dhakad
  164. Pipaliya Hatila
  165. Pipaliya Jahirpeer
  166. Pipaliya Kunjadgarh
  167. Pipaliya Rani
  168. Pipliya Bajkhan
  169. Prempura
  170. Prempura
  171. Prithvipura
  172. Puraman Bhawan
  173. Raipur
  174. Rapadiya
  175. Rasla Khedi
  176. Rasooliya Pathar
  177. Rasuliya Ghat
  178. Rasuliya Gusain
  179. Ratanpur, Bhopal (census code 482467)
  180. Ratanpur, Bhopal (census code 482555)
  181. Ratatal
  182. Ratibad (census code 482350)
  183. Ratibad (census code 482517)
  184. Rojibeg
  185. Rolu Khedi
  186. Rusalli Chunanagar
  187. Sagoni Kalan
  188. Sagoniya
  189. Saista Khedi
  190. Samarda
  191. Samarda Kaliyasot
  192. Samasgarh
  193. Samaspura
  194. Sankalpadariya
  195. Sarvar
  196. Semari Khurd
  197. Semra Saiyad
  198. Semri Bazyaft
  199. Sewaniya
  200. Sewaniya Onkar
  201. Shahpur, Huzur tehsil, Bhopal
  202. Shobhapur Jahej
  203. Shyampur
  204. Sikandarabad
  205. Sukhi Sewaniya
  206. Sumer Khedi
  207. Suraiya Nagar
  208. Taraisewaniya
  209. Teela Khedi
  210. Thua Kheda
  211. Toomda

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Distribution of population, sex ratio, density and decadal growth rate of population - State and District : 2011". Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Government of India. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Total Population, child population in the age group 0-6,literates and literacy rates by sex: 2011". Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Government of India. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e 2011 District Census Handbook: Bhopal
  4. ^ S.R. Bakshi and O.P. Ralhan (2007). Madhya Pradesh Through the Ages. Sarup & Sons. p. 360. ISBN 978-81-7625-806-7. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Latvia 22,04,708 July 2011 est. 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. New Mexico - 2,059,179 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°16′00″N 77°24′00″E / 23.2667°N 77.4°E / 23.2667; 77.4