Bhor Ghat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bhor Ghat
भोर घाट
Bhor Ghat (1870).jpg
Bhor Ghat in 1870
Elevation 441 metres (1,447 ft)[1]
Location Maharashtra, India
Range Sahyadri
Coordinates 18°28′N 73°13′E / 18.46°N 73.22°E / 18.46; 73.22
Bhor Ghat भोर घाट is located in Maharashtra
Bhor Ghat भोर घाट
Location of Bhor Ghat

Bhor Ghat or Bor Ghat, Bhore Ghaut,[2][3] is a mountain passage located between Palasdari and Khandala for railway and between Khopoli and Khandala on the road route in Maharashtra, India, situated on the crest of the Western Ghats.

History[edit]

The discovery of a route to make a motorable pass in Bor Ghat came after information was provided by a local Dhangar tribesman called Shigroba. Later, the Great Indian Peninsula Railway laid a railway line from Mumbai to Pune. The section through Bhor Ghat with 28 tunnels, and old bridges was opened in 1863.[4] The Ghat opened Mumbai to the Deccan plains of Peninsular India.[5]

Rail[edit]

The Bhor railway ghat cuts a distance of 21 km between Khandala and Palasdari. There are 28 tunnels across the railway ghat.[citation needed] This ghat comes under the proposed Golden Quadrilateral Freight Corridors. During construction of this ghat almost 25,000 workers lost their lives due to steepness of this ghat.[citation needed] Initially steam traction was used to haul trains across this ghat.[citation needed] In 1929-30 the Great Indian Peninsula Railway electrified Bombay (Mumbai) - Poona (Pune) section with use of 1500 Volts DC current. This led to end of steam era on this ghat.

The first DC locomotives were EF/1 class locomotives (later classified as WCG1) for freight trains. Later Express trains were hauled by EA/1 class locomotives (later classified as WCP1).[6]

Reversing Station

There used to be a reversing station on this ghat which trains of Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIPR) used earlier. This was shutdown due to new tunnels on the ghat.[7][not in citation given] The reversing station was located between Monkey Hill and Khandala after tunnel no. 26. During night time lights of Khopoli can be seen from here.[8][better source needed]

Railway stations on Bhor Ghat
# Station Name Description km
English Marathi Station Code
1 Palasdari पळसदरी PDI Start 0
2 Thakurvadi ठाकुरवाडी TKW Minor Halt 9
3 Monkey Hill मंकी हिल MNLC Technical Halt, no tickets issued 16
4 Khandala खंडाळा KAD End 21

Road[edit]

The road ghat lies between Khopoli and Khandala and is 18 kms long. There are six lanes on the Mumbai - Pune express highway and four lanes on the old Mumbai - Pune road. There is proposal to dig two four lane tunnels between Khalapur toll booth near Khopoli and Sinhagad institute, Lonavala to bypass this ghat on Mumbai - Pune express-way which will be expanded from six lane to eight lane road. Similary old Mumbai - Pune highway will use the existing express highway route and will be expanded from four to six lanes. This will also reduce the distance on express highway by 6 km i.e. from 18 km to 12 km.[9]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bhor Ghat
  2. ^ The Indian Empire By William Wilson Hunter, p. 36
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-01. Retrieved 2009-01-23. 
  4. ^ Balkwill, Richard; Marshall, John (1993). The Guinness Book of Railway Facts and Feats (6th ed.). Enfield: Guinness Publishing. pp. 66–7. ISBN 978-0-85112-707-1. 
  5. ^ Rao, M.A. (1988). Indian Railways. New Delhi: National Book Trust. p. 15. 
  6. ^ A Brief History of Railway Electrification in India
  7. ^ Bhor Ghat Reversing station
  8. ^ Khandala Reversing Station
  9. ^ 14 lanes, 12-km bypass to speed up Mumbai-Pune expressway traffic