Bhutan national football team
|Association||Bhutan Football Federation|
|Sub-confederation||SAFF (South Asia)|
|Head coach||Torsten Spittler|
|Captain||Karma Shedrup Tshering|
|Most caps||Chencho Gyeltshen (23)|
|Top scorer||Chencho Gyeltshen (9)|
|Home stadium||Changlimithang Stadium|
|Current||165 1 (10 August 2017)|
|Highest||159 (June 2015)|
|Lowest||209 (November 2014 – March 2015)|
|Current||226 (27 April 2017)|
|Highest||190 (1 April 1982)|
|Lowest||231 (6 September 2013)|
| Nepal 3–1 Bhutan
(Kathmandu, Nepal; 1 April 1982)
| Bhutan 6–0 Guam
(Thimphu, Bhutan; April 23, 2003)
| Kuwait 20–0 Bhutan
(Kuwait City, Kuwait; February 14, 2000)
|Best result||Qualifying – second round|
|AFC Asian Cup|
|South Asian Football Federation Cup|
|Appearances||7 (first in 2003)|
|Best result||Semi-finals, 2008|
The Bhutan national football team represents Bhutan in international men's football. The team is controlled by the governing body for football in Bhutan, the Bhutan Football Federation (BFF), which is a member of the Asian Football Federation and the regional body the South Asian Football Federation (SAFF). The team play their home games at the national stadium, Changlimithang. The side have consistently been ranked as the worst, or one of the worst national teams in the world on both the official FIFA rankings and the Elo rating system. As of the end of March 2017 they have won only six competitive fixtures against other international teams and have a goal difference of −263 in official matches. The team have never qualified for the finals of a major tournament and beyond friendlies and qualifying matches, their only official competition has been in the regional South Asian Games and the South Asian Football Federation Cup.
They are one of the younger national teams in the world having played their first official match in 1982 in the ANFA Cup. Prior to this, a nominal representative team consisting mainly of imported players from India competed in a number of regional tournaments. Throughout the 1980s Bhutan's appearances on the international scene were restricted to the South Asian Games where they lost every game they played that decade having to wait until 1987 to score their first goal outside of the ANFA Cup.
Through the 1990s they made only one international appearance, again at the South Asian Games in 1999 and again losing all their matches. Their first continental appearance occurred the following year when they travelled to Kuwait to take part in qualifying for the 2000 AFC Asian Cup. Their qualifying performance was not positive and they headed home with their losing streak now sat at sixteen games and their performance in Kuwait including a then world record 20–0 defeat to the hosts. Following a seventeenth straight defeat to Bangladesh the next year, Bhutan recorded their first ever win in 2002, just over twenty years since their début on the international stage, a victory over Montserrat in a game organised by a Dutch advertising agency, sanctioned by FIFA to coincide with the 2002 FIFA World Cup Final and itself known as The Other Final.
They were unable to build on this victory though and a further five straight defeats followed before their next win, a 6–0 defeat of Guam in 2004 AFC Asian Cup qualification. This result coupled with a 0–0 draw with Mongolia was to be their most successful set of official results until their back to back victories over Sri Lanka in 2015. A further thirteen losses accompanied by only two draws followed in the next five years before Bhutan produced their best performance to date at a tournament, reaching the semi-finals of the 2008 SAFF Championship, narrowly missing out on their first ever final losing in the last minute of extra time to India.
This would prove to be a high point for Bhutanese football as they embarked on a run of nineteen straight defeats over the following five years. However, on 12 March 2015 Bhutan won their first World Cup Qualifying tie at the first time of asking, beating Sri Lanka 1–0 in Colombo, with the winning goal scored by Tshering Dorji in the 84th minute. A week later, they earned another victory against Sri Lanka 2–1 in Thimphu, securing the qualification to the second round with an aggregate score of 3–1. this was to be their only success in this qualifying tournament however, as they lost all of their subsequent group games, and their only victory until they beat Bangladesh in the 2019 AFC Asian Cup qualification – Play-off Round, snapping a sixteen match winless streak.
- 1 History
- 2 Team image
- 3 Home stadium
- 4 Players
- 5 Recent results and upcoming fixtures
- 6 Rankings
- 7 Competitive record
- 8 International opponents
- 9 Coaches
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
In the same way that there is uncertainty around the manner in which football as a sport in general came to be, so there is equal uncertainty around how the game was ultimately brought to Bhutan. During the colonial period Bhutan, although it had signed treaties with the government of India which ceded control of its defence and foreign relations to the British, continued to function as an independent state and was never under the direct rule of the British government in India. Whereas Indians were introduced to football by the British government, the lack of a permanent British presence in Bhutan meant that foreign sports were not played there. The arrival of football in Bhutan was very closely linked with the opening of schools in Haa and Paro in the 1950s, as foreign teachers, mainly from India but some from Europe, were recruited. The Bhutan Football Federation note that in the beginning there was little in the way of formal facilities or equipment and the game was played on stone-covered pitches with a ball made from a bundle of clothes. The game continued to grow as more Bhutanese went abroad, mainly to India, to study and helped increase the popularity of the sport upon their return, though the game was still considered to be just that and was not really developed during this period.
The main centres for football during the 1960s were Phuentsholing and Samtse, close to the border with India, where hastily arranged teams would travel back and forth over the border to play neighbouring tea gardens. In 1968, a team nominally representing Bhutan, but essentially consisting of foreign players travelled to Calcutta to compete in the Indian Independence Cup. Over time football gradually increased in popularity until it was seen as an essential part of the school curriculum, with numerous school tournaments established within Thimphu. Teams used to travel from all over the country to take part, some coming from as far away as Khaling. However, regardless of the popularity of the game amongst the Bhutanese, the notion of a Bhutan "national team" consisting almost entirely of foreigners persisted for some time, and this team would regularly travel abroad to take part in international competitions such as the ANFA Cup, with a team consisting of around 60% Indian players. These Indian players were brought to Bhutan and given jobs within the Civil Service, although essentially their role was to play football.
In the late 1970s and early 1980, as well as playing several matches in Bhutan, the representative team, known as Druk 11, also played a number of games outside the country in Nepal and India, against representative teams such as the Food Corporation of India. At that time, eight out of the eleven members of the team were from India. Such a situation could not last however, and in time these players either retired or returned to their home country creating a vacuum of talent which would seriously affect the national team in the years to come.
Given that international competition had been taking place since 1872, Bhutan's official entry into the international arena was comparatively late, playing their first match only in 1982, a 3–1 loss to Nepal in the 1982 ANFA Cup. However, it should be noted that other sources also indicate that a team representing Bhutan travelled to Nepal eight years earlier and won a tournament known as the Shripanch Mahendra Gold Cup, though it is not clear the extent to which this was a true international tournament or whether they were competing against club teams. They also played a representative team from China's Kunming Army Unit in the competition, also losing 3–1. Unfortunately, the scorers for Bhutan are not recorded, so it is unknown who scored Bhutan's first international goal. It is interesting to note that Bhutan's involvement in the ANFA Cup came some seven years before the inauguration of their own league competition. Again however, sources are contradictory with some indicating that a tournament that at least shared the name "A-League" was established in Thimphu sometime around the beginning of the 1980s.
Despite the at best fledgling nature of their domestic competition at that time, Bhutan continued to put out a side, this time in the South Asian Games. They entered the first games in 1984, but lost all three of their games, 2–0 to Bangladesh, 5–0 to hosts and eventual winners Nepal and 1–0 to the Maldives to finish last out of the four competing teams. It is unclear whether a play off for third place was held between Bhutan and the Maldives. If it was, then the result is not known. Either way, the bronze medal was awarded to the Maldives.
Undeterred, Bhutan sent a team to the following year's competition in Bangladesh. Results went the same way as the prior year's tournament. Bhutan were drawn in group B of the competition along with India and Nepal. They lost their first match narrowly, 1–0 to Nepal and were beaten 3–0 by eventual champions India to ensure that they finished bottom of the group and did not progress.
The national team did not play any fixtures for the next two years as the South Asian Games moved to become a biennial competition, though they again sent a team to the third edition of the games in Kolkata, India. Drawn in group B again, this time with Nepal and Bangladesh, history repeated itself, as Bhutan lost first to Bangladesh 3–0, with Badal Das, Kaiser Hamid and Ahmed Ali scoring for Bangladesh, and then 6–2 to Nepal. Whilst their two goals ended a five-year, six-game scoring drought, they were thoroughly outclassed as Ganesh Thapa scored five times for Nepal.
Despite establishing the first recorded football league in Bhutan in 1986, and while the BFF were admitted as members of the AFC in 1994, the national team did not compete in any matches following their defeat to Nepal in the South Asian Games until 1999, missing four editions of the Games, returning only in 1999.
Their absence from the international arena had not seen an improvement in the standard of their football, even though there had been a national championship established in the country for the previous four seasons. Their first game against hosts Nepal ended in a resounding 7–0 defeat. The team found themselves 3–0 down within the first twenty minutes as Hari Khadka scored in the first and fifth minutes, with Naresh Joshi extending the lead after eighteen. Bhutan were able to keep Nepal at bay for the rest of the half, but conceded two more either side of the hour mark courtesy of Deepak Amatya and Rajan Rayamajhi before a brace from Basanta Thapa sealed an emphatic victory for Nepal. They performed better defensively in their next match, but still lost 3–0 to India, Vijayam Imivalappil scoring all three goals for India. Out of the competition, Bhutan faced a dead-rubber against Pakistan, who were also eliminate prior to the fixture following losses to India and Nepal. With nothing to play for, they produced their best performance of the tournament. Dinesh Chhetri opened the scoring for Bhutan in the twenty-first minute, the first time they had led a game in their history, only to see a potential victory disappear following two second-half goals for Pakistan from Haroon Yousaf.
At the turn of the century, having spent the best part of the last two decades competing only against teams within South Asia, Bhutan made their first foray into international football at a continental level, competing in the qualification rounds for the 2000 AFC Asian Cup. This tournament was to be one of the lowest points in the history of the admittedly hastily assembled national team. An opening 3–0 loss to Nepal was perhaps not surprising, with Bhutan never having gained any form of positive result against their himalayan neighbours, and at this point in time having scored against them only once in the ANFA Cup back in 1982. Four days later they faced Kuwait and were beaten 20–0. Seven of the ten Kuwaiti outfield players got their names on the scoresheet that day, including Bashar Abdullah who scored eight and Jassem Al-Houwaidi who scored five. Bhutan were seriously hampered in this game by their years in the footballing wilderness, but did not help themselves in the match conceding four penalties in total for what were described as "rugby-like challenges" and having two players sent off. This defeat was a world record international defeat, though this most undesirable of records was only held for fourteen months when Australia beat Tonga 22–0. As of 2016 this remains their worst ever result. Further heavy defeats were to follow, an 8–0 loss to Turkmenistan was followed by an 11–2 defeat to Yemen. Following this qualifying tournament, having been established in 1983, the Bhutan Football Federation were admitted as the 204th member of FIFA.
2002: The Other Final
Their defeats in 2000 in AFC Cup qualifying had left Bhutan ranked as the world's second worst national team with thirteen points in the official FIFA rankings, sandwiched between American Samoa above and Montserrat below. At this time, following the Netherlands failure to qualify for the 2002 FIFA World Cup, two Dutch ad-agency partners, Johan Kramer and Matthijs de Jongh, not having their home team to cheer on pondered who the worst team in the world might be. With Bhutan and Montserrat so close to each other at the bottom of the FIFA rankings, they set out to arrange a match between the two nations. Montserrat, their only pitch having been destroyed by one of the island nation's seven active volcanoes, agreed to the match and travelled to Bhutan for the game, held at Changlimithang a few hours before the actual World Cup Final, a match authorised by FIFA. The game started strongly for Montserrat and Bhutan struggled to contain them during early exchanges. However, initial nerves were settled after five minutes when Wangay Dorji headed a goal to give Bhutan the lead. This gave them the momentum to press on, but their finishing was lax and they were unable to convert the chances they created. Montserrat were able to keep Bhutan at bay for the rest of the half and the game remained at 1–0 until well past the hour mark when English referee Steve Bennett awarded Bhutan a freekick. Dorji stepped up and scored his second of the game. The momentum remained with Bhutan and veteran striker Dinesh Chhetri scored a third before Dorji took full advantage of a tiring Montserratian team to complete his hat trick and seal a 4–0 victory, Bhutan's first victory on the international stage against any opposition, indeed their first ever result of any kind and the first time they had ever kept a clean sheet.
However, despite this memorable victory, Bhutan were unable to carry this form forward into competitive matches. Although the Bhutan Football Federation now received substantial payments as a member of FIFA, there was still very little money in the game for players, even those who played for the national team. Players who were unemployed outside of football had to exist on a stipend from the federation of only Nu 3–5,500 per month and there were no internationally certified coaches in the country at all, only amateurs and school teachers. It is no surprise then that Bhutan were defeated in all three games in the 2003 South Asian Football Federation Gold Cup, losing 6–0 to the Maldives, 2–0 to Nepal and 3–0 to hosts Bangladesh, returning home bottom of their group without scoring a single goal. They took advantage though in their next set of matches as they hosted Group F of the preliminary qualifying round for the 2004 AFC Asian Cup. Drawn with Guam and Mongolia, two teams ranked much closer to them than the majority of their previous opposition, they began their campaign with a 6–0 victory over Guam (a result that as of 2016 is still their record victory) and followed it up with a 0–0 draw against Mongolia to top their group and progress to the qualifying round proper. The victory over Guam was their biggest ever margin of victory to date and the two games undefeated in this group represents Bhutan's best run of form to date as of 2014. In the next stage though they were drawn against much stronger opposition in the shape of Saudi Arabia, Indonesia and Yemen. Faced with this increase in quality, Bhutan were outclassed in all six of their qualifying games, losing all of them and again failing to score a single goal in the process.
Their losing run continued into the 2005 South Asian Football Federation Gold Cup, where yet again they were to return home winless, losing 3–0 to Bangladesh and India respectively and 3–1 to Nepal, Bikash Pradhan scoring their only goal of the tournament, a consolation goal with Nepal already 3–0 up in what was a dead rubber for both sides.
The next three years saw something of an improvement in results for Bhutan. Entering the inaugural AFC Challenge Cup, they suffered narrow defeats to Nepal, 2–0 and Sri Lanka 1–0, before holding Brunei to a 0–0 draw. Although they failed to score and did not progress to the main competition, the draw against Brunei was their first positive result of any kind for nearly three years following a similar 0–0 draw with Mongolia and ended an eleven match losing streak. They did not play any international matches for the next two years, appearing again on the continental stage in the 2008 AFC Challenge Cup. Their performance was similar to the previous Challenge Cup, opening with a 3–1 loss to Tajikistan, Passang Tshering scoring for Bhutan after sixty-nine minutes, only for the Tajiks to seal the victory from the penalty spot in the dying minutes through Numonjon Hakimov. Bhutan achieved a better result in the next game, drawing 1–1 with Brunei. Nawang Dendhup gave Bhutan the initial advantage, a lead which they held until the seventy sixth minute when Khayrun Bin Salleh equalised. Although a 3–0 loss to the Philippines in their final group game confirmed that again Bhutan would not be progressing to the competition proper. However, the two goals they scored and the draw achieved, meant that they finished in third place in the group above Brunei.
Bhutan built on the positive results they had gained from the previous two tournaments when they took part in the 2008 SAFF Championship. A late Nima Sangay goal was sufficient to give them a share of the points in their opening game against Bangladesh. They could not repeat the performance against the hosts Sri Lanka in their next game, losing 2–0, but recovered in their final game to record a 3–1 victory over Afghanistan, Yeshey Gyeltshen scoring twice and his namesake Yeshey Dorji getting the third before H.A. Habib scored a consolation for the Afghans. Sri Lanka beat Bangladesh in the other final group game to ensure that Bhutan finished as runners-up in the group and qualified for the knock-out rounds of a tournament for the first time in their history. They met India in the semi-finals and took the lead through Kinley Dorji after eighteen minutes. It was a lead they would hold for less than fifteen minutes though as Sunil Chhetri equalised before halftime. With no further goals in the second half, the game went to extra time only for Bhutan to see the possibility of victory snatched from them at the very last moment as Gouramangi Singh scored in added time at the end of extra time to claim the narrowest of victories for India. Nonetheless, the semi-final appearance is Bhutan's best performance in any tournament as of 2016.
Unfortunately, they were again not been able to build on these positive performances. Their loss to India was the start of the longest losing streak in their history, which was ultimately to last for nineteen games. The 2010 AFC Challenge Cup qualifying competition began with a narrow 1–0 loss to the Philippines, but quickly worsened as Bhutan lost 7–0 to Turkmenistan and 5–0 to the Maldives to return home yet again without a point or scoring.
A Passang Tshering goal was of little consolation as a 2–1 friendly loss to Nepal failed to end the streak, before a similarly poor 2009 SAFF Championship saw them lose 4–1 to Bangladesh, 6–0 to Sri Lanka and 7–0 to Pakistan, a Nawang Dendhup penalty against Bangladesh being their only reward in all three games.
2011 to present day
Bhutan withdrew from the international stage for the next two years, re-emerging to play two back to back friendly matches against Nepal in preparation for the 2012 AFC Challenge Cup. Both of these games resulted in narrow losses, 1–0 and 2–1. Their 2012 AFC Challenge Cup qualification was essentially over before it started. Rather than being drawn in a group for initial qualification, the process was changed so that the lowest-ranked eight teams entering the competition played-off over two legs on a home-and-away basis. Bhutan perhaps suffered from the fact that neither leg was played in Bhutan, with both matches taking place at the Tau Devi Lal Stadium, Gurgaon, India, but nonetheless, a hat-trick from Sidiq Walizada in the first leg to give Afghanistan a 3–0 lead, made the second leg, which Afghanistan won 2–0, essentially irrelevant. A disappointing year was compounded with three successive defeats in the 2011 SAFF Championship, Bhutan losing 3–0 to Sri Lanka, 5–0 to India and finally 8–1 to Afghanistan, Chencho Gyeltshen's consolation being the only positive from the year's competition.
The team played only one match in 2012, a 5–0 loss friendly to Thailand, prior to the 2013 SAFF Championship. This tournament, produced an almost identical result to the previous SAFF championship, Bhutan opened the competition losing 3–0 to Afghanistan, then 8–2 to the Maldives despite being 2–1 up at one point and level going into halftime, before rounding off another miserable year with a 5–2 loss to Sri Lanka. One of the main reasons suggested for Bhutan's significant drop in form was the amount of money available to players, even those who played for the national team. Yeshey Dorji, one of the country's leading players, announced his retirement following the 2013 SAFF Championships, citing an inability to generate a sufficient living from football as the main reason. In 2014, the Bhutan Football Federation withdrew the Nu 4,000 monthly payment to players in the national team, and whilst money is spent at grass roots, more needs to be spent on the national team as former national head coach Kazunori Ohara noted, once players get to the end of school age they often drop out of football completely.
2018 World Cup Qualification
In 2015, Bhutan made their first ever attempt to qualify for the FIFA World Cup entering the qualifiers for the 2018 edition. In preparation for their qualifying campaign, and in an attempt to improve the overall standard of football in the country and attract more players, the Bhutan Football Federation offered a monthly salary of Ng 10,000 to all players in the main national squad who are not currently on federation scholarships.
In their first ever qualifying match, they faced Sri Lanka in the two-legged Preliminary Round. In the first leg in Colombo, Bhutan produced a shock result, beating their hosts 1–0, with Tshering Dorji scoring the winner in the eighty-fourth minute. This result even drew praise from now-disgraced FIFA president Sepp Blatter who described the result as "a wonderful, historic moment" on Twitter, though Sri Lanka coach Nikola Kavazovic, whilst conceding Bhutan were the better team remained confident that his team would ultimately be victorious. The result was met very positively in Bhutan, with the team featuring heavily in the news. Anticipation ahead of the second leg at Changlimithang ran high, a half-day holiday was declared by the government for students and public sector employees and the gates to the ground were opened four hours prior to kick off. The game started positively for Bhutan as Chencho Gyeltshen, the country's only professional footballer, scored in the sixth minute. However, Sri Lanka equalised before half time through Subash Madushan. A disallowed goal for each side increased the tension as the game progressed but in injury time at the end of the second half Gyeltshen scored his second goal of the match to seal a 3–1 aggregate victory, ensuring they advanced to Round 2 in the AFC qualifying section whilst Sri Lanka were eliminated. In qualifying for the second phase of the competition, Bhutan were guaranteed at least a place in the play-off round for the 2019 AFC Asian Cup.
For the next stage, Bhutan were drawn in Group C, along with China, Qatar, Hong Kong, and the Maldives, all sides ranked higher than Sri Lanka in the FIFA rankings. Against these much stronger teams, their results were not as successful. In their first game, they lost 7–0 against Hong Kong in the Mong Kok Stadium, and then 6–0 less than a week later against China at Changlimithang, the first time despite their lowly ranking that Bhutan had been beaten at home in an official international match. Results got worse still in the following match as they lost 15–0 to Qatar, their heaviest defeat since their then world record 20–0 loss to Kuwait in 2000. The next two matches saw an improvement in their fortunes. Though both were lost, the scorelines were much more narrow. Firstly a 4–3 home defeat to the Maldives, in which Bhutan showed a spirited display to come back from 4–0 down in the final five minutes. At half time in the match, following a disagreement with team manager Hishey Tshering, coach Norio Tsukitate was sacked, his rigid methodology having created significant friction between himself and the overall team management. Secondly a 1–0 home loss to Hong Kong, the winning goal coming in the penultimate minute of the match for the visitors. This was a result that pleased the Bhutan Football Federation so much that they awarded all of the players involved in the match a Nu 25,000 bonus to reflect their "brilliant performance". However the improvement in their performances was not to last and a visit to China resulted in a 12–0 loss, and a home match against Qatar another loss, this time 3–0.
Following their World Cup qualifying attempt, Bhutan entered the eleventh SAFF Championship, held in India between 23 December 2015 and 3 January 2016. Originally scheduled to take place in July 2015, the monsoon season and schedule congestion led to the tournament being postponed to late December. Their performance was identical to their efforts in the last four tournaments as the team lost all three group games beginning with a 3–1 defeat to the Maldives, Tshering Dorji scoring for Bhutan after 20 minutes, and followed by two 3–0 losses to Afghanistan and Bangladesh to be eliminated from the competition.
Prior to their last qualifying match, the national team visited Thailand where they played two back to back charity friendly matches against reigning Thai League T1 champions Buriram United. Although they were playing against a club side rather than a fellow national team, Bhutan were soundly beaten in both matches; firstly 6–0 and then 9–0 in a rematch the following day, with Buriram's new signing Weslley scoring five times across the two matches.
A final 4–2 defeat against the Maldives in Malé confirmed Bhutan's last place finish in their group with a −47 goal difference and extending their losing run in official competition to twelve games.
2019 AFC Asian Cup Qualification
Bar the initial victories over Sri Lanka, one of the few positives to be taken from their inaugural World Cup qualifying campaign was that their presence in the second round guaranteed their qualification for the qualifying playoff round of the 2019 AFC Asian Cup. Two rounds of play-off matches were played to determine the final eight qualifiers for the third round. The draw was made on 7 April 2016, at the AFC House in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The first round of matches were played between 2 and 7 June 2016 and the second round of matches between 6 September and 11 October 2016. As the lowest ranked of all the teams taking part in the play-off round, Bhutan entered in Round II, where they were drawn against Bangladesh. The first match was played on 6 September, with the second leg played on 11 October 2016. Bhutan drew the first leg 0–0, breaking a twelve match losing streak in official matches and a fifteen match losing streak in total. Bhutan ended up winning the second match 3–1, giving them a 3–1 advantage on aggregate and enabling them to advance to Round III of the Asian Cup qualification. According to the Tajikistan Football Federation, the draw will be held on 18 January 2017.
Bhutan's current home colours are orange shirts with yellow trim and a yellow dragon motif, orange shorts and orange socks. Their away colours is predominantly white with orange trim on the shirt and shorts and an orange dragon motif. Both their home and away colours are so closely aligned to the national colours and pattern of the Flag of Bhutan that they essentially mirror it. The current manufacturer of the national colours is EGO Sport.
There are three main themes contained within Bhutan's home colours, all of which have wider symbolism within the nation as outlined in the Constitution of Bhutan. Firstly, the use of orange signifies Buddhist spiritual tradition, particularly the Drukpa Kagyu and Nyingma schools. Secondly, the use of yellow in the trim and also as the colour of the dragon motif signifies civil tradition and temporal authority as embodied in the Druk Gyalpo, the Dragon King of Bhutan, whose royal garb traditionally includes a yellow kabney (scarf). Finally, the dragon motif employed is the Druk (Dzongkha: འབྲུག་) the "Thunder Dragon" of Bhutanese mythology and a Bhutanese national symbol, though the dragon depicted in the team's colours does not hold the jewels representing wealth that are found on the national flag, though the similar snarling mouth of the dragon symbolizes the Bhutanese deities' commitment to the defense of Bhutan.
The orange theme and that of the dragon motif noted above are carried over into the away colours. Additionally, the predominant white theme mirrors the colour of the dragon on the national flag which signifies the purity of inner thoughts and deeds that unite all the ethnically and linguistically diverse peoples of Bhutan.
The logo of the national team is identical to that used for its governing body, the Bhutan Football Federation. It consists of a football surrounded by two concentric circles, one yellow, one orange, representing the Dragon King of Bhutan and the Buddhist tradition in the country, overlaid on a Himalayan blue poppy (Meconopsis horridula), the national flower of Bhutan. Below this is a wish-fulfilling jewel, similar to that located at the top of the official Emblem of Bhutan.
Changlimithang Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Thimphu, Bhutan, which serves as the National Stadium. It is predominantly used for football matches and is the home of both the Bhutan national football team and a number of Thimphu-based football clubs who play in both the A-Division and the National League. In addition to football, the stadium also regularly plays host to major archery tournaments, the national sport of Bhutan. The stadium was initially constructed in 1974 for the coronation of the fourth Druk Gyalpo, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, but was completely refurbished in 2007 in advance of the coronation of the fifth Druk Gyalpo, Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck. Floodlighting was added to the football pitch in 2009 and an artificial pitch was laid in 2012 to coincide with the start of the first season of the National League. Unusually for a national stadium, and as a result of the conversion of the playing surface to artificial turf, the football field at Changlimithang is available for public hire and is extremely popular with people in Thimphu.
Caps and goals updated as of 29 March 2017, after the match against the Oman.
|#||Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club|
|1||GK||Ngawang Jamphel||27 September 1992||0||0||Thimphu City|
|19||GK||Kinzang Gyeltshen||16 April 1993||0||0|
|21||GK||Hari Gurung||18 February 1992||20||0||Yeedzin|
|3||DF||Choki Wangchuk||2 February 1998||3||0||Druk United|
|4||DF||Jigme Tshering Dorji||26 February 1995||19||1||Thimphu City|
|6||DF||Chimi Dorji||December 22, 1993||22||0||Druk Star|
|15||DF||Nima Wangdi||6 December 1998||3||0||Tertons|
|20||DF||Tenzin Dorji||18 August 1997||2||0||Tertons|
|8||MF||Karma Shedrup Tshering (C)||9 April 1990||22||0||Thimphu City|
|10||MF||Orgyen Tshering||14 September 1999||1||0||Thimphu City|
|12||MF||Jigme Tsheltrim||30 October 1988||0||0||Tertons|
|14||MF||Kencho Tobgay||10 November 1991||2||0||Yeedzin|
|16||MF||Tshering Dorji||10 September 1993||20||4||Thimphu City|
|17||MF||Biren Basnet||20 October 1994||18||1||Thimphu City|
|22||MF||Lhendup Dorji||5 December 1994||16||0||Druk Star|
|23||MF||Karun Gurung||9 June 1986||22||0||Terton|
|7||FW||Chencho Gyeltshen||10 May 1996||24||9||Thimphu|
|9||MF||Sampa Tshering||26 May 1995||1||0||Druk United|
|11||FW||Yeshey Dorji||January 2, 1989||12||1||Thimphu City|
|18||FW||Sonam Tobgay||25 March 1990||2||0|
Note: Clubs, caps and dates of birth taken from player pages at National Football Teams. See individual player articles for references.
The following players have also been called up to the Bhutan squad within the last twelve months.
|Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club||Latest call-up|
|GK||Leki Dukpa||December 9, 1989||7||0||Druk Pol||v. Bangladesh, 11 October 2016|
|DF||Tashi Tobgay||0||0||v. Bangladesh, 6 September 2016|
|DF||Namgay Tenzin Tshering||0||0||v. Bangladesh, 11 October 2016|
|MF||Diwash Subba||9 March 1989||11||0||Yeedzin||v. Bangladesh, 11 October 2016|
|FW||Tshering Wangdi||9||0||Druk United||v. Bangladesh, 11 October 2016|
Note: RET — Retired from the national team
Recent results and upcoming fixtures
|13 August 2016 Unofficial Friendly||Bhutan||0–3||India||Thimphu, Bhutan|
|16:00 UTC+6||Report||Passi 2'
|Stadium: Changlimithang Stadium
|6 September 2016 2019 AFC Asian Cup qualification – Play-off Round||Bangladesh||0–0||Bhutan||Dhaka, Bangladesh|
|19:00 UTC+6||Report||Stadium: Bangabandhu National Stadium
Referee: Çarymyrat Kurbanow (Turkmenistan)
|11 October 2016 2019 AFC Asian Cup qualification – Play-off Round||Bhutan||3–1||Bangladesh||Thimphu, Bhutan|
|18:00 UTC+6||J. Dorji 4'
C. Gyeltshen 26', 76'
|Report||Islam 63'||Stadium: Changlimithang Stadium
Referee: Khurram Shahzad (Pakistan)
|28 March 2017 Asian Cup qualifier||Oman||14–0||Bhutan||Oman|
|19:00 UTC+4||Al-Muqbali 2', 35', 40', 43', 68', 85'
Basnet 54' (o.g.)
Al-Hajri 70', 74', 90+1' (pen.), 90+2'
|Report||Stadium: Sultan Qaboos Sports Complex, Muscat
Referee: Hussein Abo Yehia (Lebanon)
|13 June 2017 Asian Cup qualifier||Bhutan||0–2||Maldives||Thimphu, Bhutan|
|19:00||Fasir 42' (pen.)
Ah. Abdulla 75'
|Stadium: Changlimithang Stadium
Referee: Khurram Shahzad (Pakistan)
Prior to the victories over Sri Lanka, their highest FIFA ranking achieved was 187th, which they last reached in December 2008 following their semi-final performance in the 2008 SAFF Championship. From that high point, they slipped down the rankings to last place in December 2012 to join San Marino and the Turks and Caicos Islands in 207th. They fell to 208th place following the admission to FIFA of South Sudan in July 2014, and dropped to 209th as the only team without ranking points following San Marino's draw with Estonia. However, Bhutan rose to 163rd on the FIFA rankings after two victories over Sri Lanka in World Cup qualifying, achieving their highest ranking ever in April 2015. They then rose to 156th in June 2015. However, following their performance in the second round of world cup qualifying in which they have failed to win a game, they slipped back to 193rd as of February, but have since risen to 164th as of April 2017.
The team is also ranked extremely low on the all time Elo ratings at 230th out of 234 as of the end of 2015. There are no FIFA affiliated teams ranked below them with the other four spots taken by Kiribati, Tibet, the Northern Marianas Islands and Palau respectively. Their initial comparatively high position in the 1980s was more to do with the number of nations competing globally at the time than their specific performances. Since they have started competing with a degree of regularity on the continental scene, Bhutan have always hovered at or near the bottom of the ratings. Their high point in the 21st century of 218 was as a result of their performance at the 2008 SAFF Championship.
FIFA World Cup
Bhutan attempted to qualify for the FIFA World Cup for the first time in 2015. Drawn against Sri Lanka, they produced a shock result over the two legs of the first round to progress to the next round. They were drawn in group C of the second round, but were unable to progress to the next stage.
|FIFA World Cup||FIFA World Cup qualification record|
|Hosts / Year||Pld||W||D*||L||GS||GA||Pld||W||D*||L||GF||GA|
|1930 to 2014||Did not enter||Did not enter|
|2018||Did not qualify||10||2||0||8||8||53|
|2022||To be determined||To be determined|
AFC Asian Cup
Prior to 2015, Bhutan had only attempted to qualify for the AFC Asian Cup on two occasions, both of which ended unsuccessfully. In their first attempt, they lost all of their matches, including a then world record 20–0 defeat to Kuwait. They were marginally more successful in the next iteration. Qualifying was divided into two stages. Bhutan hosted their group in the Preliminary stage, finishing in first place after a 0–0 draw with Mongolia and a 6–0 victory over Guam, a result that is still a record win for the nation. However, progressing to the second stage, they lost all six of their games and failed to progress to the competition proper. for the 2019 AFC Asian Cup, the qualifying rounds for the 2018 FIFA World Cup were used as the first two stages of qualifying for this competition. Bhutan were eliminated in the second round of World Cup qualifying and entered the play-off round where they were drawn against Bangladesh. Bhutan beat them 3–1 over two legs to progress to the third round of qualifying for the first time.
|AFC Asian Cup||AFC Asian Cup qualification record|
|Hosts / Year||Pld||W||D*||L||GS||GA||Pld||W||D*||L||GF||GA|
|1956 to 1996||Did not enter||Did not enter|
|2000||Did not qualify||4||0||0||4||2||42|
|2004||Did not qualify||8||1||1||6||6||26|
|Did not enter||Did not enter|
|2019*||To be determined||13||3||1||9||11||68|
*: 2019 qualification campaign also includes qualifying matches from the Asian section of the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification as in 2014, a proposal to merge the preliminary qualification rounds of the FIFA World Cup with those of the AFC Asian Cup was ratified by the AFC Competitions Committee. The new qualification structure took place in three stages, with the first two merging with the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification.
AFC Challenge Cup
Bhutan have a dismal record in the AFC Challenge Cup, not only have they never qualified for the competition, but they have only managed a single draw, 1–1 against Brunei during the 2008 qualifying campaign. In addition, this is the only match in which they have ever managed to score. The AFC Challenge Cup has been discontinued by the AFC, with all nations now entering qualifying for the AFC Cup due to the expansion of the Asian Cup to the 24-nation format from the 16-nation one after the 2015 edition.
|AFC Challenge Cup||AFC Challenge Cup qualification record|
|Hosts / Year||Result||Pld||W||D*||L||GS||GA||Pld||W||D*||L||GF||GA|
|2006||Group||3||0||1||2||0||3||No qualification stage|
|2008||Did not qualify||3||0||1||2||1||6|
|2010||Did not qualify||3||0||0||3||0||13|
|2012||Did not qualify||2||0||0||2||0||5|
|2014||Did not enter||Did not enter|
South Asian Football Federation Cup
Bhutan have an almost equally poor record in the South Asian Football Federation Cup. Only once have they managed to make it out of the group stage of the competition, with this being the only time they have managed to achieve any form of positive result.
|South Asian Football Federation Cup|
|Hosts / Year||Result||Pld||W||D*||L||GS||GA|
|1993 to 1999||Did not enter|
South Asian Games
Early in their competitive history, Bhutan's sole participation in international football was their attendance at the South Asian Games. Taking part in the first three editions of the games, they failed to win a single game, losing all their matches and failing to score a goal until their final group game in 1987 against Nepal. Following this edition they did not enter a team again and from 2004 the national team has been ineligible as the tournament was changed to an under-23 competition.
|South Asian Games|
|Hosts / Year||Result||Pld||W||D*||L||GS||GA|
|1989 to 1995||Did not enter|
|2004 to 2016||Not eligible|
**It is unclear from the sources provided whether there was a third place playoff or whether the Maldives were awarded the bronze medal on the strength of their group performance alone, either way Bhutan finished in fourth and last place.
The ANFA Cup refers to a series of invitational association football knockout tournaments organised by the All Nepal Football Association. A national team has represented Bhutan at a number of editions of this tournament. Some of the matches have been against other national teams with the remainder against clubs or other representative teams. Again they have struggled to achieve any real success, their only positive results coming in 1986 in non-international matches against teams representing the Hong Kong Gurkhas and Nepal Youth respectively.
|Hosts / Year||Pld||W||D*||L||GS||GA|
|1980 to 1981||Did not compete|
|1983 to 1985||Did not compete|
|1987 to 1989||Did not compete|
|2009, 2010, 2014||Did not compete|
- *Denotes draws includes knockout matches decided on penalty kicks. Red border indicates that the tournament was hosted on home soil. Gold, silver, bronze backgrounds indicates 1st, 2nd and 3rd finishes respectively. Bold text indicates best finish in tournament.
- Last match updated: Oman on 28 March 2017.
|Opponent||Played||Won||Drawn||Lost||For||Against||Diff||Win %||Loss %|
|Guangzhou Football Team||1||0||0||1||1||6||−5||0%||100%|
|Hong Kong Gurkhas||1||0||1||0||?||?||?||0%||0%|
|Kunming Army Team||1||0||0||1||1||3||−2||0%||100%|
NB: Unofficial matches includes ANFA Cup matches against teams other than the official Nepal national team, four friendly matches against Tibet and Bangladesh and two charity matches against Buriram United.
*: Includes unofficial matches in the 1986 ANFA Cup against Hong Kong Gurkhas and Nepal Youth which sources indicate were drawn but for which no score is available. The results are included here statistically as 0–0 for the purpose of completeness.
- Statistics correct as of 28th March 2017
Key: P – games played, W – games won, D – games drawn; L – games lost, % – win percentage, 1 Coached in an interim capacity.
- Bhutan women's national football team
- Bhutan national under-23 football team
- Bhutan national under-19 football team
- Bhutan national under-17 football team
- Bhutan national futsal team
- Wangdi, Kencho (28 June 2002). "World Cup 2002: The other final – Bhutan met Montserrat". raonline.ch. RA Online / Kuensel. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- "Bhutan". national-football-teams.com. national-football-teams.com. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
- Tshedup, Younten (21 August 2015). "Bhutan loses to Cambodia 2–0". kuenselonline.com. Kuensel. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "Maldives v Bhutan – 2018 World Cup, AFC Qualifying Second Round". the-afc.com. Asian Football Confederation. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- "Chencho Gyeltshen". National Football Teams.
- "Chencho to join Ctg Abahani". The Daily Star. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
- "A look at football in Bhutan". raonline.ch. RA Online / Kuensel. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- McKay, Alex (2005). Mills, James H., ed. Subaltern Sports: Politics and Sport in South Asia. London: Wimbledon Publishing Company. p. 201. ISBN 1-843311-67-4. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- McKay, Alex (2005). Mills, James H., ed. Subaltern Sports: Politics and Sport in South Asia. London: Wimbledon Publishing Company. p. 202. ISBN 1-843311-67-4. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- Tshedup, Younten (25 April 2015). "The ‘Black Horse’ of Bhutanese football". kuenselonline.com. Kuensel. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- Paul Mitchell. "The first international football match". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 23 September 2007.
- "World Football Elo Ratings: Bhutan". eloratings.net. World Football Elo Ratings and Advanced Satellite Consulting. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Achariya, Gopilal (16 December 2002). "The sports scene in Bhutan: what is wrong?". kuenselonline.com. Kuensel. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- Garin, Erik; Stokkermans, Karel; Lewis, Tom; Morrison, Tom (13 Jan 2011). "ANFA Invitational Tournament (Nepal)". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- Garin, Eric; Morrison, Neil (6 November 2009). "1st South Asian Federation Games 1984". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- Garin, Erik (3 October 2002). "2nd South Asian Federation Games 1985 (Dhaka, Bangladesh)". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- Garin, Erik; King, Ian (16 December 2010). "3rd South Asian Federation Games 1987 (Calcutta, India)". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- Schöggl, Hans; Abbink, Dinant (28 May 2014). "Bhutan – List of Champions". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 17 July 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- "A Look at Football in Bhutan". raonline.ch. RA Online / Kuensel. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Gautam, Biplav (21 April 2002). "8th South Asian Federation Games 1999 (Kathmandu, Nepal)". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- The blue bars highlight the Federated States of Micronesia national under-23 football team's performance in the 2015 Pacific Games; as of June 2016, the worst performance by any national representative team at an official tournament.
- "Editorial: Football, maturing". kuenselonline.com. Kuensel Online. 3 May 2003. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Chbaro, Mohamed; Courtney, Barry; Seung Soo, Lee; McKain, Chris; Morrison, Neil; Nikimbaev, Alisher; Niqui, Milad; Schall, Markus; Chen, Ye; Stokkermens, Karel (4 March 2011). "Asian Nations Cup 2000". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 1 April 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- "Japan star claims fastest hat-trick". news.bbc.co.uk. BBC. 16 February 2000. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Radnedge, Aidan; Saunders, Catherine; Powley, Adam; Cloake, Martin; Hillsdon, Mark. Football The Ultimate Guide: Updated 2010 Edition. Dorling Kindersley. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- "Bhutan Club Directory". bhutanfootball.com. Bhutan Football Federation. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- "FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". fifa.com. FIFA. January 2002. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- Nesselson, Lisa (26 August 2003). "Review: ‘The Other Final’". variety.com. Penske Business Media. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Wangdi, Kencho (17 June 2002). "Bhutan prepares to meet Montserrat". kuenselonline.com. Kuensel Online. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Wangdi, Kencho (27 June 2002). "Anxious wait for the "other final" over". kuenselonline.com. Kuensel Online. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Wangdi, Kencho (5 July 2002). "Football in Bhutan: what next?". kenselonline. Kuensel Online. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Chaudhuri, Arunava; Courtney, Barrie; Hai Naveed, Malik Riaz (2 October 2005). "South Asian Gold Cup 2003 (Dhaka, Bangladesh)". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- Berkurt, Sturmius; Cowlam, Glenn; Diaz Rubio, Julio; Hashim, Refel; Seugsoo, Lee; Hai Naveed, Malik Riaz; Saaid, Hamdan (2 October 2005). "Asian Nations Cup 2004". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 13 June 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- Zlotkowski, Andre; Hai Naveed, Malik Riaz (6 March 2008). "South Asian Gold Cup 2005 (Karachi, Pakistan)". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- Hai Naveed, Malik Riaz (3 April 2009). "AFC Challenge Cup 2006 (Bangladesh)". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- King, Ian (3 April 2009). "AFC Challenge Cup 2008". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Hai Naveed, Malik Riaz (11 December 2009). "South Asian Gold Cup 2008 (Colombo and Malé)". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- King, Ian (12 December 2013). "AFC Challenge Cup 2010". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- Priadko, Aleks; Hai Naveed, Malik Riaz (2 May 2013). "South Asian Gold Cup 2009 (Dhaka)". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- "AFC Challenge Cup 2012 (Qualifiers) Competition Regulations" (PDF). the-afc.com. Asian Football Confederation. Retrieved 29 July 2014.[permanent dead link]
- "Bhutan vs Afghanistan – 2012 AFC Challenge Cup qualification". the-afc.com. Asian Football Confederation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.[permanent dead link]
- "Afghanistan vs Bhutan – 2012 AFC Challenge Cup qualification". the-afc.com. Asian Football Confederation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.[permanent dead link]
- Di Maggio, Roberto (12 Dec 2013). "AFC Challenge Cup 2012". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- Courtney, Barrie (19 September 2013). "South Asian Gold Cup 2011 (New Delhi)". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- "Thailand vs Bhutan – Lineup". goal.com. Goal.com. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Stokkermans, Karel (19 September 2013). "South Asian Championship 2013 (Kathmandu)". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- Penjore, Ugyen (11 October 2013). "It doesn’t pay to play for the national squad". kuenselonline.com. Kuensel Online. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Tshedup, Younten (31 January 2015). "18-man national squad selected". kuenselonline.com. Kuensel Online. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
- ""World's worst" Bhutan enjoys dream World Cup debut". Arab News. Agence France Presse. 13 March 2015. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- "World’s worst team Bhutan kick off 2018 World Cup qualifying with victory". guardian.co.uk. Guardian Media Group. 12 March 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- Ames, Nick (16 March 2015). ""World's worst team" Bhutan aim to make history against Sri Lanka". guardian.co.uk. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- Zam, Namgay (19 March 2015). "Bhutan, Bhutan – football chanted like a prayer as World Cup success grips nation". guardian.co.uk. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "Match Report: Bhutan v Sri Lanka – AFC First Round". fifa.com. FIFA. 17 March 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "World Cup draw looms large in Asia". FIFA.com. 13 April 2015.
Completing the tournament's qualifying contenders will be the next 16 highest ranked teams, with the remaining 12 sides battling it out in play-off matches to claim the last eight spots.
- "Hong Kong v Bhutan – AFC Second Round: Group C". fifa.com. FIFA. 11 June 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "Bhutan v China – AFC Second Round: Group C". fifa.com. FIFA. 16 June 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "Qatar v Bhutan – AFC Second Round: Group C". fifa.com. FIFA. 3 September 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "Bhutan v Maldives – AFC Second Round: Group C". fifa.com. FIFA. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- Younten, Tshedup (9 February 2016). "Football still dominates sporting realm". kuenselonline.com. Kuensel. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- "Bhutan v Hong Kong – AFC Second Round: Group C". fifa.com. FIFA. 13 October 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- Tshedup, Younten. "Bhutanese coach to lead the national team in China". kuenselonline.com. Kuensel. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "China v Bhutan – AFC Second Round: Group C". fifa.com. FIFA. 17 November 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "Bhutan v Qatar – AFC Second Round: Group C". fifa.com. FIFA. 17 November 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- Chaudhuri, Arunava (2 July 2015). "Trivandrum will host upcoming SAFF Cup in December 2015/January 2016". SportsKeeda. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- "Maldives 3–1 Bhutan". saffsuzukicup.com. South Asian Football Federation. 24 December 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
- "Bhutan 0–3 Afghanistan". saffsuzukicup.com. South Asian Football Federation. 26 December 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
- "Bhutan 0–3 Bangladesh". saffsuzukicup.com. South Asian Football Federation. 26 December 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
- "Weslley Scores as Buriram Beat Bhutan 6–0 in Friendly". footballchannel.asia. Kanzen Ltd. 24 March 2016. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
- "Weslley Scored a Hat-Trick, Buriram Wins 9–0 Against Bhutan". footballchannel.asia. Kanzen Ltd. 24 March 2016. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
- "Maldives v Bhutan – AFC Second Round: Group C". fifa.com. FIFA. 29 March 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- "AFC Competitions Committee Meeting". Asian Football Confederation. 28 November 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- "AFC Calendar of Competitions 2016 – 2018" (PDF). AFC.
- "AFC confirms raft of crucial draw dates". AFC. 17 March 2016.
- "Stage set for UAE 2019 Qualifiers Play-off draw | AFC". www.the-afc.com. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
- "Bangladesh v Bhutan – 2019 AFC Asian Cup qualification – Play-off Round". the-afc.com. Asian Football Confederation. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- "Bhutan advance to AFC Asian Cup 2019 Final Qualifying Round". www.the-afc.com. Retrieved 2016-10-25.
- "Кубок Азии-2019: сборная Таджикистана узнает своих соперников по отбору 18 января" [Asian Cup 2019: Tajikistan team learns its opponents in the draw of 18 January] (in Russian). Tajikistan Football Federation. 20 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "Bhutan – Home 2015/16". theglobalobsession.com. 26 June 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- "First Schedule – The National Flag and the National Emblem of Bhutan". The Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan (PDF). constitution.bt. July 18, 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- Worden, Robert L.; Savada, Andrea Matles (ed.) (1991). "Chapter 6 – Bhutan: Origins and Early Settlement, A.D. 600–1600". Nepal and Bhutan: Country Studies (3rd ed.). Federal Research Division, United States Library of Congress. ISBN 0-8444-0777-1. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- "First Schedule – The National Flag and the National Emblem of Bhutan". Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- "The National Flag Rules of Bhutan (1972)" (PDF). 1972. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 April 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- "National Flower". tourism.gov.bt. Tourism Council of Bhutan. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- "K2: Changlimithang ground". kuenselonline.com. Kuensel Online. 9 June 2008. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- Dorji, Kinley (2006). "Thimphu: A face-lift for Changlimithang". raonline.com. RA Online / Kuensel. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- "Floodlighting at Changlimithang". drukgreen.bt. Druk Green. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- Phuntsho, Tashi (13 December 2013). "To open artificial turf". kuenselonline.com. Kuensel Online. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- Norbu, Passang (12 April 2013). "New enthusiasm for an old sport". kuenselonline.com. Kuensel Online. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- "Oman v Bhutan – 2019 AFC Asian Cup qualification – Third Round". the-afc.com. Asian Football Confederation. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- "N. Jamphel". uk.soccerway.com. Perform Group. 16 June 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- "K. Gyeltshen". uk.soccerway.com. Perform Group. 16 June 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- "C. Wangchuk". uk.soccerway.com. Perform Group. 16 June 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- "J. Tsheltrim". uk.soccerway.com. Perform Group. 16 June 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- "S. Tshering". uk.soccerway.com. Perform Group. 16 June 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- "Bhutan – Ranking". fifa.com. FIFA. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
- "Latest FIFA Rankings November 2014 – San Marino's Delight". Worst in the World. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
- "FIFA Ranking: April 2015 final preview". football-rankings.info. football-rankings.info. 3 April 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- "FIFA Ranking: June 2015 final preview". football-rankings.info. football-rankings.info. 29 May 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- "FIFA Ranking: February 2016 probable ranking". football-rankings.info. football-rankings.info. 29 May 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- "Bhutan – Men's Ranking". fifa.com. FIFA. 7 April 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
- "World Football Elo Ratings". eloratings.net. World Football Elo Ratings web site and Advanced Satellite Consulting. 2 June 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
- "ExCo approves expanded AFC Asian Cup finals". AFC. 16 April 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- "Revamp of AFC competitions". Asian Football Confederation. January 25, 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-02-03.
- "ExCo approves expanded AFC Asian Cup finals". Asian Football Confederation. April 16, 2014. Archived from the original on April 16, 2014.
- Garin, Erik; King, Ian (16 December 2010). "3rd South Asian Federation Games 1987 (Calcutta, India)". rsssf.com. RSSSF. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- Courtney, Barrie; Hai Naveed, Malik Riaz (25 June 2006). "9th South Asian Federation Games 2004 (Pakistan)". rsssf.com. RSSSF. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- Garin, Erik; Morrison, Neil (6 November 2009). "1st South Asian Federation Games 1984". rsssf.com. RSSSF. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- "ANFA Invitational Tournament (Nepal)". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 16 November 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- Garin, Erik; Stokkermans, Karel; Lewis, Tom; Morrison, Neil (13 January 2011). "ANFA Invitational Tournament (Nepal)". rsssf.com. RSSSF. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bhutan national football team.|