Bie, province of Angola
|• Governor||Pereira Alfredo|
|• Vice-Governor for the Political, Economic and Social Sector||Carlos Ulombe Esperança da Silva|
|• Vice-Governor for Technical Services and Infrastructures||José Fernando Tchatuvela|
|• Total||70,314 km2 (27,148 sq mi)|
|• Density||21/km2 (54/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||AO-BIE|
low · 17th
Bié is a province of Angola located on the Bié Plateau in central part of country. Its capital is Kuito, which was called Silva Porto until independence from Portugal in 1975. The province has an area of 70,314 square kilometres (27,148 sq mi) and a population of 1,455,255 in 2014. The current governor of Bié is José Amaro Tati.
The province of Bié contains nine (9) municipalities (municípios):
The province of Bié contains the following communes (comunas); sorted by their respective municipalities:
- Andulo Municipality – Andulo, Calucinga, Cassumbe, Chivaúlo
- Camacupa Municipality – Camacupa, Cuanza, Ringoma, Santo António da Muinha, Umpulo
- Catabola Municipality – Caiuera (Caivera), Catabola Chipeta, Chiuca, Sande
- Chinguar Municipality – Cangote (Kangote), Chinguar, Cutato (Kutato)
- Chitembo Municipality – Cachingues, Chitembo, Malengue, Mumbué, Mutumbo (Matumbo), Soma Cuanza
- Cuemba Municipality – Cuemba, Luando, Munhango, Sachinemuna
- Kuito Municipality – Cambândua, Chicala, Cuíto (Kuito), Cunje (Kunje), Trumba
- Cunhinga Municipality – Belo Horizonte, Cunhinga
- N'Harea Municipality – Calei (Caiei), Dando, Gamba, Lúbia, N'Harea (Nharea)
Bié has boundaries with the province of Malanje, to the northeast with the province of Lunda Sul, to Moxico, to the south with Cuando Cubango and to the west with the provinces of Huila, Huambo and Cuanza Sul.
The province was once an important commercial link between the Portuguese traders at the port of Benguela on the Atlantic Ocean and the Ovimbundu in the interior. The capital and other cities in the province remain important commercial centers in Angola.
Origins of Jonas Savimbi
Bié province is perhaps best known as the place where the family of Angolan political leader Jonas Savimbi came from. Savimbi, although born in Moxico Province near Bié, was ethnically Bieno, i.e. of a subgroup of the Ovimbundu. He led the UNITA movement first in the anti-colonial war against the Portuguese, and then in the Civil War against the ruling MPLA before he was killed in combat in 2002. Savimbi gained global notoriety as a United States ally during the Cold War.
Bié is one of the regions that was heavily affected by the Civil War. Agriculture came to a halt in several areas, and part of the rural population fled to the cities. The province capital Kuito was in part destroyed by bombing, as were roads and other infrastructures. Since 2002, reconstruction efforts have been important, but as of early 2011 much remained to be done.
List of Governors of Bié
|Name||Years in office|
|Amílcar Saraiva de Figueiredo *||(2) 1976–1977|
|Fernando Faustino Muteka *||(3) 1977–1979|
|João Baptista Jamba aka Jamba Ya Mina *||(4) 1979–1982|
|João Marques Monocapui Bassovava *||(5) 1982–1986|
|Marcolino José Carlos Moco *||(2) 1986–1987|
|Luís Paulino dos Santos *||(16) 1987–2002|
|José Amaro Tati||(7) 2002–2008|
|Cândida Celeste da Silva||(2) 2008–2009|
|Álvaro de Boavida Neto||(9) 2009–2017|
|Pereira Alfredo||(2) 2018–|
- Up to 1991, the official name was Provincial Commissioner
- "Resultados Definitivos Recenseamento Geral da População e Habitação – 2014 Província do Bié" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estatística, República de Angola. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-02-27.
- Broadhead, Susan (1992). Historical dictionary of Angola. Metuchen, N.J: Scarecrow Press. p. 47. ISBN 9780810825321.
- "Pereira Alfredo torna-se no 10º governador do Bié" (in Portuguese). ANGOP Angolan News Agency. 12 Sep 2018. Retrieved 3 Mar 2019.
- Official website of province governor
- Information on this province at the Angolan ministry for territorial administration
- Information on this province at Info Angola
- US government statistics from 1988
- Province geographical info at geoview.info