Bié Province

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Bié
Bie, province of Angola
Bie, province of Angola
CountryAngola
CapitalKuito
Government
 • GovernorPereira Alfredo
 • Vice-Governor for the Political, Economic and Social SectorCarlos Ulombe Esperança da Silva
 • Vice-Governor for Technical Services and InfrastructuresJosé Fernando Tchatuvela
Area
 • Total70,314 km2 (27,148 sq mi)
Population
 (2014 census)
 • Total1,338,923
 • Density19/km2 (49/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeAO-BIE
Websitewww.bie.gov.ao

Bié is a province of Angola located on the Bié Plateau in central part of country.[1] Its capital is Kuito, which was called Silva Porto until independence from Portugal in 1975. The province has an area of 70,314 square kilometres (27,148 sq mi) and a population of 1,338,923. Municipalities in the province include Andulo, Camacupa, Catabola, Chinguar, Chitembo, Cuemba, Cunhinga, Kuito, and Nharea. The current governor of Bié is José Amaro Tati.

Overview[edit]

Bié has boundaries with the province of Malanje, to the northeast with the province of Lunda Sul, to Moxico, to the south with Cuando Cubango and to the west with the provinces of Huila, Huambo and Cuanza Sul.

The climate of Bié is cool and abundant rainfall makes it possible to farm maize, sugar cane, rice, coffee and peanuts. Its ground is among the most fertile in Angola[citation needed].

The province was once an important commercial link between the Portuguese traders at the port of Benguela on the Atlantic Ocean and the Ovimbundu in the interior. The capital and other cities in the province remain important commercial centers in Angola.[1]

Origins of Jonas Savimbi[edit]

Bié province is perhaps best known as the place where the family of Angolan political leader Jonas Savimbi came from. Savimbi, although born in Moxico Province near Bié, was ethnically Bieno, i.e. of a subgroup of the Ovimbundu. He led the UNITA movement first in the anti-colonial war against the Portuguese, and then in the Civil War against the ruling MPLA before he was killed in combat in 2002. Savimbi gained global notoriety as a United States ally during the Cold War.

Civil War[edit]

Bié is one of the regions that was heavily affected by the Civil War. Agriculture came to a halt in several areas, and part of the rural population fled to the cities. The province capital Kuito was in part destroyed by bombing, as were roads and other infrastructures. Since 2002, reconstruction efforts have been important, but as of early 2011 much remained to be done.

List of Governors of Bié[edit]

[2]

Name Years in office
Amílcar Saraiva de Figueiredo * (2) 1976–1977
Fernando Faustino Muteka * (3) 1977–1979
João Baptista Jamba aka Jamba Ya Mina * (4) 1979–1982
João Marques Monocapui Bassovava * (5) 1982–1986
Marcolino José Carlos Moco * (2) 1986–1987
Luís Paulino dos Santos * (16) 1987–2002
José Amaro Tati (7) 2002–2008
Cândida Celeste da Silva (2) 2008–2009
Álvaro de Boavida Neto (9) 2009–2017
Pereira Alfredo (2) 2018–
  • Up to 1991, the official name was Provincial Commissioner

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Broadhead, Susan (1992). Historical dictionary of Angola. Metuchen, N.J: Scarecrow Press. p. 47. ISBN 9780810825321.
  2. ^ "Pereira Alfredo torna-se no 10º governador do Bié" (in Portuguese). ANGOP Angolan News Agency. 12 Sep 2018. Retrieved 3 Mar 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 12°31′S 17°34′E / 12.517°S 17.567°E / -12.517; 17.567