Biševo

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Biševo
Biševo Island - Croatia.jpg
Biševo island seen from the airplane.
Biševo is located in Croatia
Biševo
Biševo
Geography
LocationAdriatic Sea
Coordinates42°58′N 16°0′E / 42.967°N 16.000°E / 42.967; 16.000Coordinates: 42°58′N 16°0′E / 42.967°N 16.000°E / 42.967; 16.000
Area5.8 km2 (2.2 sq mi)
Highest elevation239 m (784 ft)
Highest pointStraženica
Administration
Croatia
CountySplit-Dalmatia
Demographics
Population15 (2011)

Biševo (pronounced [bîʃɛv̞ɔ], Chakavian: Bisovo, Italian: Busi) is an island in the Adriatic Sea in Croatia. It is situated in the middle of the Dalmatian archipelago, five kilometers southwest of the Island of Vis. Its area is 5.8 km2 (2.2 sq mi)[1][2] and it has a population of 15 (as of 2011).[3]

Geography[edit]

Biševo is composed of limestone.[4] The highest point is Straženica, 239 metres (784 ft) high,[4] accessible by a 45-minute walk along the footpath.[5] In the center of the island there is a fertile field, the northern part of the island is covered with pine forests and the rest of the island is covered with maquis shrubland or bare rocks. The coastal sea belt is a rich fishing area.[6] The main industries are viticulture and fishing.

History[edit]

A Benedictine monastery was founded on Biševo in 1050 by Ivan Grlić from Split, but it was deserted two centuries later because of the danger of pirates. The church of Saint Sylvester is preserved near the ruins of the monastery.[1][7]

There was a school on the island, built in 1947 and closed in 1961.[8] Electricity was introduced in the 1970s.[9]

Blue Cave[edit]

On the steep shores there are many caves, the most famous being Blue Cave, which was carved in the limestone by the sea. It is located on the eastern side of the island and is one of the most important attractions of the Adriatic. It was well-known to local fishermen, who in 1884 showed it to the Austrian artist, explorer, and speleologist Eugen von Ransonnet-Villez [de], who published an article in the Viennese daily Neue Freie Presse declaring that its beauty surpassed even that of Capri's famed Blue Grotto. From that time on, it became a major tourist attraction.

The approach to the cave is only possible by boat.[6] It is 18 metres (59 ft) long, 6 metres (20 ft) deep, and 6 metres (20 ft) high.[4] The entrance to the cave is only {{convert|1.5|m|ft} high and 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) wide.[10] During the summer between 10 am and 1 pm, sunbeams penetrate through the submarine opening in Blue Cave and are reflected from the white bottom floor, coloring the cave blue and objects in the water silver.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (in Croatian) First Croatian online peljar
  2. ^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). "Coastline lengths and areas of islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps at the scale of 1 : 25 000" (PDF). Geoadria. Zadar. 9 (1): 5–32. doi:10.15291/geoadria.127. Retrieved 2019-12-05.
  3. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Biševo". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  4. ^ a b c "Biševo". General Encyclopedia of the Yugoslav Lexicographical Institute (in Croatian). 1. Zagreb: Yugoslav Lexicographical Institute. 1977.
  5. ^ Šerić 2006, p. 29.
  6. ^ a b c Biševo at dalmacija.net
  7. ^ "Biševo on croatiatouristcenter.com". Archived from the original on 2006-06-21. Retrieved 2006-09-24.
  8. ^ Šerić 2006, p. 30.
  9. ^ "ŽIVOT NA NAJUDALJENIJEM NASELJENOM OTOKU: "Ovdje nema ni dućana ni benziske pumpe ni doktora - samo mir!"". Jutarnji list (in Croatian). 13 July 2019. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
  10. ^ (in Croatian) Biševo on nautic-apartments.com Archived January 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]