Biantidae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Biantidae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Opiliones
Suborder: Laniatores
Infraorder: Grassatores
Superfamily: Samooidea
Family: Biantidae
Thorell, 1889
Genera

See text for list.

Diversity
c. 30 genera, c. 130 species

Biantidae is a family of the harvestman infraorder Grassatores with about 130 described species.[1]

Description[edit]

Biantidae are between 1.5 and 5.5 millimeters long, with legs ranging from three to 25 mm and enlarged, armed pedipalps. Many species are mahogany, many others yellow with dark mottling.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Biantidae have radiated greatly on the Indian subcontinent and Madagascar (which was once connected to India), with many other species from mainland Africa. One subfamily however, the Stenostygninae, is found on the West Indies, with one described species from mainland northern South America.[1]

Relationships[edit]

Biantidae are included in the superfamily Samooidea, which mainly radiated in South America.[1]

Name[edit]

The type genus is named after Biantes, the son of Parthenopaeus, one of the Epigoni who marched against Thebes in Greek mythology.[1]

Genera[edit]

For a list of all described species, see the List of Biantidae species.

Biantinae[edit]

Lacurbsinae[edit]

Stenostyginae[edit]

Zairebiantinae[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Kury, Adriano B. & Pérez Gonzales, Abel (2007): Biantidae Thorell, 1889. In: Pinto-da-Rocha et al. 2007: 176ff

References[edit]

  • Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog: Biantidae
  • Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (eds.) (2007): Harvestmen - The Biology of Opiliones. Harvard University Press ISBN 0-674-02343-9