Biastophilia

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Biastophilia (from Greek biastes, "rapist" + -philia) and its Latin-derived counterpart raptophilia (from Latin rapere, "to seize"), also paraphilic rape,[1] is a paraphilia in which sexual arousal is dependent on, or is responsive to, the act of assaulting an unconsenting person, especially a stranger.[2][3] Some dictionaries consider the terms synonymous,[4] while others distinguish raptophilia as the paraphilia in which sexual arousal is responsive to actually raping the victim.[5]

The source of the arousal in these paraphilias is the victim's terrified resistance to the assault,[6] and in this respect it is considered to be a form of sexual sadism.[1]

Under the name paraphilic coercive disorder, this diagnosis was proposed for inclusion in DSM-5.[7] This diagnosis, under the name paraphilic rapism, was proposed and rejected in the DSM-III-R.[8] It has been criticized because of the impossibility of reliably distinguishing between paraphilic rapists and non-paraphilic rapists, and because this diagnosis, under the term Paraphilia NOS (not otherwise specified), non-consent had been used in Sexually Violent Person/Predator commitment.[9]

A standard concept in Czechoslovakian sexology is pathologic sexual aggressivity instead. This term is strongly distinguished from sadism.[10][11] This disorder is understood as a coordination anomaly of the sexual motivation system (SMS), a "courtship disorder" according to Kurt Freund or displacement paraphilia by John Money, or a missing segment of SMS.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ronald Blackburn, "The Psychology of Criminal Conduct: Theory, Research and Practice" (1993)ISBN 0471912956, p. 87
  2. ^ Corsini, Raymond J. (2002). The Dictionary of Psychology. Philadelphia: Brunner-Routledge. p. p. 109. ISBN 1-58391-328-9. OCLC 48932974.
  3. ^ Flora, Rudy (2001). How to Work with Sex Offenders: A Handbook for Criminal Justice, Human Service, and Mental Health Professionals. New York: Haworth Clinical Practice Press. p. p. 91. ISBN 0-7890-1499-8. OCLC 45668958.
  4. ^ Eric W. Hickey, "Encyclopedia of Murder & Violent Crime", ISBN 0-7619-2437-X (2003) p. 347
  5. ^ Holmes, Ronald M. Sex Crimes: Patterns and Behavior. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. p. p. 247. ISBN 0-7619-2417-5. OCLC 48883594.
  6. ^ Raymond J. Corsini "The Dictionary of Psychology", ISBN 1-58391-028-X (1999) p. 692
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-17. Retrieved 2010-04-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ Thomas K. Zander. Inventing diagnosis for civil commitment of rapists. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 36, 459–469.
  9. ^ Frances, Allen. 2010. Opening Pandora’s Box: The 19 Worst Suggestions For DSM5. Psychiatric Times Feb. 11, 2010. http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/dsm/content/article/10168/1522341
  10. ^ Jaroslav Zvěřina: Patologická sexuální agresivita, Wikiskripta.eu, 2010–2011
  11. ^ Petr Weiss: Klasifikace sexuálních deviací Archived 2014-07-08 at the Wayback Machine, Společnost pro plánování rodiny a sexuální výchovu, sborník z kongresu Pardubice 2007
  12. ^ Aleš Kolářský: Jak porozumět sexuálním deviacím : Teoretická východiska sexodiagnostiky – cesta k tvorbě náhledu a k realizaci esxuality v mezích zákona, Galén, Praha, 2008, ISBN 978-80-7262-504-8