Biathlon at the Winter Olympics

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Biathlon at the Winter Olympics
Biathlon pictogram.svg
Governing body IBU
Events 11 (men: 5; women: 5; mixed: 1)
Games
Note: demonstration or exhibition sport years indicated in italics

Biathlon debuted at the 1960 Winter Olympics in Squaw Valley with the men's 20 km individual event. At the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, the men's 4×7.5 km relay debuted, followed by the 10 km sprint event at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York. Beginning at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, women's biathlon debuted with the 15 km individual, 3×7.5 km relay (4×7.5 km during 1994-2002, and 4×6 km in 2006), and 7.5 km sprint. A pursuit race (12.5 km for men and 10 km for women) was included at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City. The top 60 finishers of the sprint race (10 km for men and 7.5 km for women) would qualify for the pursuit event. The sprint winner starts the race, followed by each successive biathlete at the same time interval he/she trailed the sprint winner in that event. At the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, a mass start (15 km for men and 12.5 km for women) was introduced where the top 30 biathletes from the previous four events were allowed to start together for the competition.

Prior to the biathlon debut at the 1960 Winter Olympics, there was a military patrol event that was held at four Winter Olympic Games: 1924, 1928, 1936, and 1948. Medals were awarded for military patrol in 1924, but it was a demonstration event for the other three Games.

Events[edit]

Men's[edit]

= official event, (d) = demonstration event

Event 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 Years
Military patrol (d) (d) (d) 4
individual (20 km) 16
relay (4×7.5 km) 14
sprint (10 km) 11
pursuit (12.5 km) 5
mass start (15 km) 4
Total events 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 5 5 5 5

Women's[edit]

= official event, (d) = demonstration event

Event 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 Years
individual (15 km) 8
relay (4×6 km) [1] 8
sprint (7.5 km) 8
pursuit (10 km) 5
mass start (12.5 km) 4
Total events 3 3 3 4 5 5 5 5

Mixed[edit]

Event 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 Years
relay (2x6 + 2x7.5 km) [2] 2
Total events 1 1

Medal table[edit]

As of 2018 Winter Olympics

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Germany (GER)19211252
2 Norway (NOR)16151041
3 Russia (RUS)104822
4 France (FRA)951226
5 Soviet Union (URS)95519
6 Sweden (SWE)53614
7 Belarus (BLR)43310
8 East Germany (GDR)34411
9 Slovakia (SVK)3317
10 Unified Team (EUN)2226
11 Canada (CAN)2013
12 West Germany (FRG)1225
13 Ukraine (UKR)1135
14 Switzerland (SUI)1102
15 Bulgaria (BUL)1012
16 Finland (FIN)0527
17 Czech Republic (CZE)0437
18 Austria (AUT)0336
19 Italy (ITA)0156
20 Slovenia (SLO)0112
21 Kazakhstan (KAZ)0101
 Poland (POL)0101
23 Croatia (CRO)0011
Totals (23 nations)868585256
Notes

Number of biathletes by nation[edit]

Nation 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 Years
 Andorra (AND)               1 1
 Argentina (ARG)               4 3 3 7 1 2 1 7
 Australia (AUS)               1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 8
 Austria (AUT)               4 4 4 5 4 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 9 9 14
 Belarus (BLR)               11 9 11 10 9 10 10 7
 Belgium (BEL)               2 1
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)               2 1 1 3
 Bulgaria (BUL)               2 2 3 5 10 5 5 5 6 6 6 10 12
 Canada (CAN)               5 5 9 7 6 1 7 8 8 10 10
 Chile (CHI)               2 2 2
 China (CHN)               5 5 8 4 4 5 6 6 5 2 10
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)               2 1 2
 Costa Rica (CRC)               1 1
 Croatia (CRO)               1 1 2 3
 Czech Republic (CZE)               10 8 10 10 10 10 11 7
 Denmark (DEN)               1 1
 Estonia (EST)               8 9 4 4 6 9 9 6 8
 Finland (FIN)               4 4 6 5 4 6 5 5 9 9 7 9 1 4 4 8 16
 France (FRA)               4 1 6 5 5 5 4 7 10 11 10 10 9 11 12 12 16
 Germany (GER)               10 9 11 11 10 12 12 12 10
 Great Britain (GBR)               2 4 5 4 4 4 6 4 5 4 2 4 2 1 2 1 16
 Greece (GRE)               2 1 1 2 1 2 1 7
 Guam (GUM)               1 1
 Hungary (HUN)               1 5 1 9 5 5 3 2 1 1 10
 Italy (ITA)               5 4 5 5 6 10 6 6 10 10 10 10 11 13
 Japan (JPN)               2 4 4 5 4 4 4 3 2 8 8 9 2 5 6 15
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)               2 8 2 2 9 10 10 7
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)               1 1 1 3
 Latvia (LAT)               4 5 5 5 9 9 2 3 8
 Lithuania (LTU)               2 2 1 2 2 1 2 4 8
 Moldova (MDA)               2 2 2 4 2 1 6
 Mongolia (MGL)               4 2 2
 Norway (NOR)               3 4 5 5 4 5 5 6 12 11 9 9 10 11 12 11 16
 New Zealand (NZL)               1 1
 Poland (POL)               4 6 5 4 9 10 9 5 10 10 10 7 12
 Puerto Rico (PUR)               1 1
 Romania (ROU)               4 4 5 4 5 6 5 2 4 5 5 2 6 13
 Russia (RUS)               10 11 11 12 11 12 6
 Serbia (SRB)               1 1 2
 Slovenia (SLO)               5 6 9 10 8 8 6 7 8
 Slovakia (SVK)               6 5 6 10 10 8 10 7
 South Korea (KOR)               1 5 4 1 2 1 2 2 6 9
 Spain (ESP)               2 1 1 2 4
 Switzerland (SUI)               4 3 2 1 1 3 1 4 2 6 9 10 12
 Sweden (SWE)               4 4 5 4 4 4 5 4 10 10 8 5 6 10 5 10 16
 Ukraine (UKR)               10 10 11 10 11 11 11 7
 United States (USA)               4 4 5 4 5 6 6 5 11 9 9 8 9 9 10 10 16
NOCs no longer compete at the Winter Olympics
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)               2 5 5 4 5 5 10 7
 East Germany (GDR)               5 5 5 4 4 6 6
 Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)               4 1
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)               1 1
 Soviet Union (URS)               4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 8
 Unified Team (EUN)               11 1
 United Team of Germany (EUA)               4 4 2
 West Germany (FRG)               4 2 6 6 4 5 6
 Yugoslavia (YUG)               1 6 1 4 4
Nations - - - - - - - 9 14 16 14 18 18 25 22 28 32 32 34 37 37 36 28 56
Biathletes - - - - - - - 30 51 72 62 74 76 95 90 196 193 183 190 204 221 216 219 1371
Year 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The women's relay has been contested over three different distances: 3×7.5 km (1992), 4×7.5 km (1994-2002) and 4×6 km (2006-10)
  2. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/sports/olympics/wintersports/story/2011/04/06/sp-ioc-skijumping.html

External links[edit]

Media related to Biathlon at the Olympics at Wikimedia Commons