|Comune di Bibbiano|
Parish church of Santa Maria Assunta
|Province||Reggio Emilia (RE)|
|Frazioni||Barco, Belvedere, Casale di Sopra, Case Catalani, Gattaglio, Ghiardo, Il Folletto, Mangallana, Piazzola, Razza, San Filippo|
|• Mayor||Andrea Carletti (PD) (Democratic Party)|
|• Total||28.16 km2 (10.87 sq mi)|
|Elevation||121 m (397 ft)|
(31 December 2017)
|• Density||360/km2 (940/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Website||Bibbiano official website|
Bibbiano (Reggiano: Bibiân; locally Bibiēn) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Reggio Emilia in the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna, located about 70 kilometres (43 mi) northwest of Bologna and about 14 kilometres (9 mi) southwest of Reggio Emilia.
The municipal area, as well as the capital, is made up of the hamlets of Barco, Corniano, La Fossa, Ghiardo, and Piazzola for a total of 28.02 square kilometers. It borders Cavriago to the north, Reggio Emilia to the east, Quattro Castella and San Polo d'Enza to the south, and Montecchio Emilia to the west.
Traces of the first human presence (bottoms of huts, ceramic remains, copious siliceous artefacts) in Bibbiano date back to the period between the lower Paleolithic and the Neolithic. A long Gallic stay is attested by finds from the Iron Age and by the Celtic inflections which remain in the local dialect. The origin of the toponym is probably linked to the Roman occupation of the first century; numerous Roman finds have come to light following archaeological digs, including pottery and furnishings.
In the 12th century, the history of Bibbiano was inextricably linked to the Canossa family, as the municipal coat of arms demonstrates. The dominion of the Canossa dynasty on Bibbiano ended in the 18th century, when the fiefdom passed to the Marquis Gabbi (1757).
Bibbiano obtained municipal autonomy at the time of the Department of Crostolo.
The production of cow's milk cheese in the lands where Parmigiano-Reggiano is produced dates back to at least the 12th century. It is said that the monks of the Benedictine monastery of Corniano are the ones who discovered the recipe. This discovery marked an epochal change in the rural production of the region, which was until then limited to sheep's cheese. For centuries, the dispute over where parmesan cheese was born has fascinated historians and cheese producers. However, most historians agree that the cradle of the renaissance of Parmigiano-Reggiano since 1700 is Bibbiano. The main reasons are quality forage, stable pastureland, availability of water, and the skill of Bibbiano cheesemakers.
In 2008, the consortium "Bibbiano la Culla" (Bibbiano, the cradle) was established to promote and enhance Bibbiano cheese with its own quality brand. The trademark has received a protected designation of origin.
Infrastructure and Transport
The municipal area of Bibbiano is crossed by the Reggio Emilia-Ciano d'Enza railway; it is served by Barco station as well as six stops: Bibbiano, Bibbiano Fossa, Bibbiano Via Monti, Bivio Barco, Corniano, and Piazzola.
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
- "Italian police uncover gang that 'brainwashed kids and sold them to foster parents'". thelocal.it. 28 June 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
- Bibbiano, confermati i domiciliari per sindaco Andrea Carletti. Polemiche sulla commissione d’inchiesta regionale: presidenza al Pd, by F. Q., 3 August 2019]