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|Born||25 January 1955|
|Residence||New Delhi, India|
|Alma mater||Presidency College|
University of Delhi
Trinity College, Cambridge
Bibek Debroy (born 25 January 1955) is an Indian economist, author and a bureaucrat. Debroy has made significant contributions to game theory, economic theory, income and social inequalities, poverty, law reforms, railway reforms and Indology among others.
He is currently serving as the Chairman of the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM). From its inception in January 2015, till June 2019, Mr. Debroy was a member of the NITI Aayog, the think tank of Indian Government. He was awarded the Padma Shri (the fourth highest civilian honour in India) in 2015. In 2016, he was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award by US-India Business Summit. Debroy has authored over 100 books in the field of Economics, Polity, Indology and Sanskrit. Debroy translated the unabridged version of Mahabharata, the great Indian epic, into English, becoming only the third person ever to achieve the feat. Debroy's translation of the Mahabharata was published in a series of 10 volumes amounting to 2.25 million words. He has also translated the Bhagavad Gita, the Harivamsa, the Vedas and the Valmiki Ramayana (in three volumes). He has translated the Bhagavata Purana (in three volumes) and the Markandeya Purana (one volume). Along with Manmatha Nath Dutt, he is only the second person to have translated both the Mahabharata and the Valmiki Ramayana, in unabridged form, into English. He has featured in the 2019 Limca Book of Records as a "most prolific translator".
Early life and education
Debroy was born in Shillong, now in Meghalaya, on 25 January 1955. His grandparents had migrated from Sylhet, now in Bangladesh; his paternal grandfather and his father migrating as late as 1948. His father went on to join the Indian Audit and Accounts Service.
Debroy started his education at St. Peter's, Shillong. He studied there till the 6th standard. In 1965, he won a National Merit Scholarship that funded all boarding, lodging, and tuition; standing second in what was then an undivided Assam. His efforts took him to Ramakrishna Mission School, Narendrapur, in 7th standard. He passed his school leaving examinations in 1970 and joined Presidency College, Kolkata, with a scholarship from the Director of Public Instruction (DPI), West Bengal. He graduated with Honours in Economics in 1973, standing first in the University and winning a gold medal. He joined the Delhi School of Economics in 1974 with a University Grants Commission (UGC) scholarship. Debroy was awarded another gold medal for standing first in the university when he completed his M.A. in Economics in 1976.
Later on, Debroy went to the University of Cambridge on a Trinity College scholarship, where he met his then supervisor, Frank Hahn, a noted British economist. Debroy, under the tutelage of Hahn, worked on integrating information into a general equilibrium framework. A considerable amount of work on integrating information into a general equilibrium framework took place during this period. Though his initial intention was to complete a Ph.D., owing to no substantial results, Debroy settled for the lower degree of M.Sc. and returned to work in India.
His past positions include the Director of the Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, Consultant to the Department of Economic Affairs of Finance Ministry (Government of India), Secretary General of PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry and Director of the project LARGE (Legal Adjustments and Reforms for Globalising the Economy), set up by the Finance Ministry and UNDP for examining legal reforms in India. Between December 2006 and July 2007, he was the rapporteur for implementation in the Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor. Debroy has authored several books, papers and popular articles, has been the Consulting Editor of Indian financial and other newspapers. He has been a member of the National Manufacturing Competitive Council from November 2004 to December 2009. He was the Chairman of a Committee set up by the Chief Minister of Jharkhand to recommend a development plan for the State. He has been a Member of the Chief Minister's Economic Advisory Council in Rajasthan.
From 2014 to 2015, he was the Chairman of the High Powered Committee set up by the Ministry of Railways to restructure Indian Railways. In the past, Debroy has taught at Presidency College, Calcutta, Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade and the National Council of Applied Economic Research. In 2010, he started authoring a ten-volume unabridged English translation of the Hindu epic The Mahabharata. This concluded in 2014. He has published a translation of the Harivamsha in 2016 and the Bhagavad Gita in 2006. He has done a 3-volume translation of the Valmiki Ramayana, published in 2017. His last work is a 3-volume, unabridged translation of the Bhagavata Purana, which was published in 2019.
On 5 January 2015, he was appointed as permanent member of NITI Aayog (or National Institution for Transforming India Aayog), which is the replacement of Planning Commission and will act as a think-tank to the government of India. He served as a Member of Niti Aayog till June 2019. In September 2017, he was appointed Chairman of the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister. In September 2018, he was appointed the President of the Indian Statistical Institute.
He was awarded the Shriram Sanlam Award for financial journalism in 2013.
He was awarded Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award of India, in 2015. He was awarded D. Litt. (Honoris Causa) by KIIT University in 2015, D. Phil. (Honoris Causa) by Amity University in 2016, D. Phil. (Honoris Causa) by Jagran Lakecity University in 2017, D. Sc. (Honoris Causa) by University of Engineering and Management in 2018 and D. Litt. (Honoris Causa) by Techno India University in 2019.
He was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award by US-India Business Summit in 2016 and the Skoch Challenger Golden Jubilee Award in 2017.
He was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award by Prestige Institute of Management and Research in 2018.
He was conferred the title of "Vachaspati" by the Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha in 2018.
He was awarded the "Bharatiya Manavita Vikas Puraskar" by Power Brand in 2018.
- "Choicest images: President Pranab Mukherjee confers Padma Awards 2015". Economic Times.
- Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor; United Nations Development Programme (1 January 2008). Making the law work for everyone. II. New York: Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor : United Nations Development Programme. p. ii. ISBN 9789211262209.
- "Economists Arvind Panagariya, Bibek Debroy appointed to Niti Aayog". HuffPost India. 5 January 2015.
- "Arvind Panagariya appointed NITI Aayog vice-chairman; Debroy, Saraswat members - Times of India ►". The Times of India.
- "Seven Questions about Niti Aayog that Modi govt should answer". Economic Times Blog. 5 January 2015.
- "Padma Awards 2015". Press Information Bureau. Archived from the original on 26 January 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- India: Redeeming the Economic Pledge, Academic Foundation, 2004 (https://web.archive.org/web/20110707075705/http://www.academicfoundation.com/n_detail/debroy.asp).
- Transforming West Bengal, Changing the Agenda for an Agenda for Change, jointly with Laveesh Bhandari, February 2009 (https://web.archive.org/web/20101218180830/http://indicus.net/media/index.php/2009/1324-transforming-west-bengal-changing-the-agenda-for-an-agenda-for-change).
- India Labour Report 2008 – The Right to Rise: Making India's Labour Markets Inclusive," jointly with Laveeesh Bhandari, TeamLease Services, 2009 (https://web.archive.org/web/20101221105636/http://teamlease.com/images/reports/TeamLease_LabourReport2008.pdf).
- India Labour Report 2009 – The Geographic Mismatch & A Ranking of Indian States by their Labour Ecosystem, jointly with Laveesh Bhandari, TeamLease Services, 2010 (https://web.archive.org/web/20101221103929/http://teamlease.com/images/reports/TeamLease_LabourReport2009.pdf).
- Economic Freedom of the States of India 2011, Academic Foundation, 2011, jointly with Swaminathan Aiyar and Laveesh Bhandari (http://www.cato.org/economic-freedom-india/).
- The India Mosaic – Searching for an Identity, Academic Foundation and Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, Delhi, 2004, jointly edited with D. Shyam Babu (https://web.archive.org/web/20110707075717/http://www.academicfoundation.com/n_detail/imosaic.asp).
- Agenda for Improving Governance, Academic Foundation and Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, Delhi 2004 (https://web.archive.org/web/20110707075729/http://www.academicfoundation.com/n_detail/agenda.asp).
- Integrating the Rural Poor into Markets, India Development Foundation and International Development Enterprises, Academic Foundation, Delhi 2004 (https://web.archive.org/web/20110707075844/http://www.academicfoundation.com/n_detail/Rpoor.asp).
- Small-Scale Industry in India, Large Scale Exit Problems, jointly edited with Laveesh Bhandari, Academic Foundation, Friedrich Naumann Stiftung and Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, 2004 (https://web.archive.org/web/20110707075859/http://www.academicfoundation.com/n_detail/SSI-LSEP.asp).
- Energizing Rural Development through Panchayats, jointly edited with P.D. Kaushik, Academic Foundation and Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, 2004.
- Reforming the Labour Market, jointly edited with P.D. Kaushik, Academic Foundation and Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, 2004 (https://web.archive.org/web/20110707075909/http://www.academicfoundation.com/n_detail/Refo_L.asp).
- Uses and Misuses of Anti-Dumping Provisions in World Trade, A Cross-Country Perspective, jointly edited with Debashis Chakraborty, Academic Foundation and Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, 2006 (https://web.archive.org/web/20110707075921/http://www.academicfoundation.com/n_detail/antidump.asp).
- The Trade Game, Negotiation Trends at WTO and Concerns of Developing Countries, jointly edited with Debashis Chakraborty, Academic Foundation and Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, 2006 (http://www.academicfoundation.com/n_detail/tradeGame.asp).
- Judicial Reforms in India, Issues and Aspects, Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies and Academic Foundation, 2007, jointly edited with Arnab Kumar Hazra (https://web.archive.org/web/20110707075943/http://www.academicfoundation.com/n_detail/jreforms.asp).
- Anti-Dumping, Global Abuse of a Trade Policy Instrument, jointly edited with Debashis Chakraborty, Liberty Institute and Academic Foundation, 2007 (https://web.archive.org/web/20110707080007/http://www.academicfoundation.com/n_detail/antiD-GA.asp).
- India Health Report 2010, edited with Ajay Mahal and Laveesh Bhandari, Indicus Analytics and Business Standard Books, 2010 (http://www.business-standard.com/books/books.php?lmnu=m1&sub=11&val=11).
- Corruption in India – The DNA and the RNA, jointly with Laveesh Bhandari, Konark Publishers, 2011, https://www.amazon.com/Corruption-India-DNA-RNA-ebook/dp/B006MAADEU/ref=sr_1_10?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1324273676&sr=1-10
- Gujarat: Governance for Growth and Development, Academic Foundation, 2012.https://books.google.com/books?id=4iCuNAEACAAJ&dq=gujarat+growth+for+governance+and+development&hl=en&sa=X&ei=_Q1cUemFBeeQigfzv4DIBQ&sqi=2&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAA
- Economic Freedom of the States of India, 2012, jointly with Laveesh Bhandari, Swaminathan S. Anklesaria Aiyar and Ashok Gulati, Academic Foundation, 2013.
- Getting India Back on Track: An Action Agenda for Reform, jointly with Ashley Tellis and Reece Trevor, Carnegie Endowment, http://carnegieendowment.org/2014/06/09/getting-india-back-on-track-action-agenda-for-reform/hdr3
- Meghalaya, On the Paths to Prosperity, 2014, Aakhya Media Services, ISBN No. 978-81-929512-1-8, https://web.archive.org/web/20150710215729/http://www.aakhyamedia.com/index.php/product/meghalaya/
- Footprints ... The Story of Chhattisgarh, 2016, Aakhya Media Services, ISBN No. 978-81-929512-5-6
- India 2047, Voices of the Young, edited, 2017, Academic Foundation, ISBN No. 9789332703902, http://academicfoundation.org/index.php?route=product/product&product_id=821
- Indian Railways, The Weaving of a National Tapestry, jointly with Sanjay Chadha and Vidya Krishnamurthi, Portfolio/Penguin, 2017, ISBN No. 9780143426752, https://web.archive.org/web/20170129164338/http://penguin.co.in/book/uncategorized/indian-railways/
- India @ 70, Modi @ 3.5, Capturing India's transformation under Narendra Modi, jointly edited with Ashok Malik, Wisdom Tree, 2017, ISBN No. 978-8183284981, https://www.amazon.in/India-Modi-3-5-Capturing-Transformation/dp/8183284981
- Ideas for India, Faster, Higher, Stronger, Wisdom Tree, 2017, ISBN No. 978-8183285001, https://www.amazon.in/Ideas-India-Faster-Higher-Stronger-Bibek-Debroy/dp/8183285007/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1507186906&sr=1-1&keywords=ideas+for+india+debroy
- On the Trail of the Black, Tracking Corruption, jointly edited with Kishore Arun Desai, Rupa Publications, 2017, ISBN No. 978-8129149220, http://rupapublications.co.in/books/on-the-trail-of-the-black-tracking-corruption/
- Making of New India, Transformation Under Modi Government, jointly edited with Anirban Ganguly and Kishore Desai, Wisdom Tree, 2019 (ISBN 978-81-8328-531-5).
- The Railway Chronicles, Synergy Books India, 2019 (ISBN 978-93-82059-83-7).
- Indology and others
- Some Aspects of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, 1990, South Asia Books. ISBN 978-8171690084.
- The Bhagavad Gita, A translation, Penguin, 2006 (http://www.penguinbooksindia.com/category/Philosophy_and_Religion/Bhagavad_Gita_9780144000685.aspx).
- Sarama and Her Children, The Dog in Indian Myth, Penguin, 2008 (http://www.penguinbooksindia.com/category/Non_Fiction/Sarama_and_Her_Children_9780143064701.aspx).
- The Bhagavad Gita for You, Har-Anand, 2012.
- Ujjain - The Land of Simhastha, 2015, Aakhya Media Services, https://web.archive.org/web/20160328223203/http://www.aakhyamedia.com/index.php/shop/
- The Book of Limericks, Penguin, 2018, https://penguin.co.in/book/poetry/the-book-of-limericks/
- Unabridged translation of the Mahabharata/Ramayana
Debroy has translated the Bhagavad Gita, the Mahabharata (10 volumes), Harivamsha, the Valmiki Ramayana (3 volumes) and the Bhagavata Purana (3 volumes). He is now working on a translation of the Markandeya Purana.
- The Mahabharata, Vol. I. Penguin, 2010. ISBN 9780143100133. 536 pages. Contains most of Adi Parva.
- The Mahabharata, Vol. II. Penguin, 2010. ISBN 9780143100140. 528 pages. Contains the rest of Adi Parva, all of Sabha Parva, and part of the Vana Parva (ending with the story of Nala and Damayanti).
- The Mahabharata, Vol. III. Penguin, 2011. ISBN 9780143100157. 648 pages. Contains the rest of Vana Parva.
- The Mahabharata, Vol. IV. Penguin, 2011. ISBN 9780143100164. 624 pages. Contains all of Virata Parva, and most of Udyoga Parva.
- The Mahabharata, Vol. V. Penguin, 2012. ISBN 9780143100171. 632 pages. Contains the rest of Udyoga Parva, all of Bhishma Parva (including the Bhagavad Gita), and some of Drona Parva (including the death of Abhimanyu).
- The Mahabharata, Vol. VI. Penguin, 2012. ISBN 9780143100188. 560 pages. Contains the rest of Drona Parva.
- The Mahabharata, Vol. VII. Penguin, 2013. ISBN 9780143100195. 600 pages. Contains Karna Parva and Shalya Parva, the end of the war.
- The Mahabharata, Vol. VIII. Penguin, 2013. ISBN 9780143100201. 600 pages. Contains Sauptika Parva, Stri Parva and Shanti Parva.
- The Mahabharata, Vol. IX, Penguin, 2014. ISBN 9780143422914. 600 pages. Contains Anushasana Parva.
- The Mahabharata, Vol. X, Penguin, 2014. ISBN 9780143422921. 760 pages. Concludes the Anushasana Parva, and the rest of the story.
- Harivamsha, Penguin, 2016. ISBN 9780143425984. 441 pages.
- The Valmiki Ramayana, 2017, ISBN 978-0143441144. 1536 pages.
- The Bhagavata Purana, Vol.1, Penguin, 2019, ISBN 978-0143428015. 500 pages.
- The Bhagavata Purana, Vol.2, Penguin, 2019, ISBN 978-0143428022. 500 pages.
- The Bhagavata Purana, Vol.3, Penguin, 2019, ISBN 978-0143428039. 500 pages.
- The Markandeya Purana, Penguin, 2019, ISBN 978-0143448259.