Bibio (fly)

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Bibio
Bibio johannis.jpg
Bibio johannis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Bibionidae
Subfamily: Bibioninae
Genus: Bibio
Geoffroy, 1762
Type species
Tipula hortulanus
Linnaeus, 1758
Species

see text

Synonyms

Bibio, march flies or St. Mark's flies, is a genus of flies (Diptera).

Biology[edit]

Bibio larvae grow up in grassy areas and are herbivores and scavengers feeding on dead vegetation or living plant roots. Some species are found in compost.[1]

In some areas, Bibio flies are regular flower visitors and they are suggested to be pollinators of several plant species,[2][3] such as the Heracleum sphondylium and Hieracium pilosella.[4]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Freeman, Paul; Lane, Richard P. (1985). "Bibionid and Scatopsid flies, Diptera: Bibionidae & Scatopsidae". Handbooks for the identification of British insects. 9 (7). London: Royal Entomological Society of London: 74. 
  2. ^ Peter Goldblatt; John C. Manning & Peter Bernhardt (July 2005). "The Floral Biology of Melasphaerula (Iridaceae: Crocoideae): Is This Monotypic Genus Pollinated by March Flies (Diptera: Bibionidae)?". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 92 (2): 268–274. doi:10.2307/3298518 (inactive 2017-01-15). JSTOR 3298518. INIST:16975891. 
  3. ^ Flies and flowers II: Floral attractants and rewards Woodcock et al. (2014) Journal of Pollination Ecology 12:63-94
  4. ^ Van Der Kooi, C. J.; Pen, I.; Staal, M.; Stavenga, D. G.; Elzenga, J. T. M. (2015). "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers" (PDF). Plant Biology. 18: 56. doi:10.1111/plb.12328.