Bibliographic Ontology

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The Bibliographic Ontology (BIBO) is an ontology for the semantic Web to describe bibliographic things like books or magazines.[1][2] It is written in RDF and can be used as a citation ontology, as a document classification ontology, or simply as a way to describe any kind of document in RDF. It has been inspired by many existing document description metadata formats, and can be used as a common ground for converting other bibliographic data sources.

The Chronicling America website at the Library of Congress uses BIBO to model newspaper pages and issues in the Linked Data views.[3]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Bruce D'Arcus, Frédérick Giasson (4 November 2009). "Bibliographic Ontology Specification". Archived from the original on 30 June 2010. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  2. ^ BIBO and its Web site is maintained by Structured Dynamics
  3. ^ "About the Chronicling America API". Retrieved 13 June 2010.