Bibliography of the Russian Revolution and Civil War

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This is a select bibliography of post World War II English language books (including translations) and journal articles about the Revolutionary and Civil War era of Russian (Soviet) history. The sections "General Surveys" and "Biographies" contain books; other sections contain both books and journal articles. Book entries may have references to reviews published in English language academic journals or major newspapers when these could be considered helpful.

Works included are referenced positively in the notes or bibliographies of scholarly secondary sources or journals. Included works should either be published by an academic or notable publisher, be authored by a notable subject matter expert or have significant scholarly journal reviews. Additional bibliographies can be found in many of the book-length works listed below; see Further Reading for several book and chapter length bibliographies. The External Links section contains entries for publicly available select bibliographies from universities.

The period covered is 1904–1923, beginning approximately with the 1905 Russian Revolution and ending approximately with the death of Lenin. The works on the Revolution and Civil War in the Russian Empire extend to 1926.[1]

Topics covered include the Russian Revolution (1905), the February and October Revolutions in 1917, and the Russian Civil War, as well as closely related events such as the Russo-Japanese War and the Russian involvement in World War I, and biographies of prominent individuals involved in the Revolution and Civil War. A limited number of English translations of significant primary sources are included along with references to larger archival collections. This bibliography does not include newspaper articles (except primary sources and references), fiction or photo collections created during or about the Revolution or Civil War.

This bibliography uses APA style citations.


General surveys of Soviet history[edit]

These works contain significant overviews of the Revolution and Civil War era.

Period surveys[edit]

The Russian Revolution.
  • Carr, E. H. (1985). A History of Soviet Russia: The Bolshevik Revolution, 1917–1923. (3 vols). New York, NY: W. W. Norton and Company.[16][17]
  • Chamberlin, W. H. (1935/1987). The Russian Revolution 1917-1918, Vol. 1: From the Overthrow of the Tsar to the Assumption of Power by the Bolsheviks. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.[18]
  • Daniels, R. V. (1972). The Russian Revolution. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.[19][20]
  • Engelstein, L. (2017). Russia in Flames: War, Revolution, Civil War, 1914-1921. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.[21][22]
  • Figes, O. (1997). A People's Tragedy: A History of the Russian Revolution. New York, NY: Viking Press.[23][24]
  • Fitzpatrick, S. (2017). The Russian Revolution. (4th ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.[25][26][27]
  • Lee, S. J. (2003). Lenin and Revolutionary Russia. London, UK: Routledge.
  • Kowalski, R. I. (1997). The Russian Revolution, 1917–1921 London, UK: Routledge.[28][29]
  • Lewin, M. (2005). Lenin's Last Struggle. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.[30]
  • Lieven, D. (2016). The End of Tsarist Russia: The March to World War I and Revolution. New York, NY: Penguin Books.[31][32]
  • Lincoln, W. B. (1986). Passage Through Armageddon: The Russians in War and Revolution, 1914-1918. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.[33]
  • Malone, R. (2004). Analysing the Russian Revolution. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Marples, D. R. (2014). Lenin's Revolution: Russia, 1917–1921. London, UK: Routledge.
  • McMeekin, S. (2017). The Russian Revolution: A New History. New York, NY: Basic Books.
  • Miéville, C. (2017). October: The Story of the Russian Revolution. New York, NY: Verso.
  • Pipes, R. (1990). The Russian Revolution. New York, NY: Knopf.
  • Rabinowich, A. (1991). Prelude to Revolution: The Petrograd Bolsheviks and the July 1917. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.[34]
  • ——— (2007). The Bolsheviks in Power: The First Year of Soviet Rule in Petrograd. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.[35][36]
  • ——— (2017). The Bolsheviks Come to Power: The Revolution of 1917 in Petrograd. Chicago, IL: Haymarket Books.[37]
  • Read, C. (1996). From Tsar to Soviets: The Russian People and Their Revolution. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.[38]
  • ———. (2013). War and Revolution in Russia, 1914–22. London, UK: Macmillan.[39]
  • Schapiro, L. B. (1984). The Russian Revolutions of 1917: The Origins of Modern Communism. New York, NY: Basic Books.[40]
  • Service, R. W. (1991). The Russian Revolution 1900–1927. London, UK: Macmillan.[b]
  • Smith, S. A. (2017). Russia in Revolution: An Empire in Crisis, 1890 to 1928. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.[41][42]
  • Smele, J. (2016). The “Russian” Civil Wars, 1916-1926: Ten Years That Shook the World. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.[c][43][44][45]
  • Ulam, A. B. (1965). The Bolsheviks: The Intellectual and Political History of the Triumph of Communism in Russia. New York, NY: Macmillan.[46][47]
  • Wade, R. A. (1969).The Russian Search For Peace, February - October 1917. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press[48][49]
  • ———. (2000). The Russian Revolution, 1917. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Zygar, M. (2017). The Empire Must Die: Russia’s Revolutionary Collapse, 1900-1917. New York, NY: PublicAffairs.[50]

Social history[edit]

Workers[edit]

Soldiers and sailors[edit]

Peasants[edit]

Women and families[edit]

The October Revolution and female workers and peasants. 1920 Soviet propaganda poster.

Religion[edit]

Economy and industry[edit]

The Revolution of 1905[edit]

The Revolution of 1905.

February and October Revolutions[edit]

The Storming of the Winter Palace.

Violence and terror[edit]

Government[edit]

Foreign policy[edit]

Ideology, philosophy, and propaganda[edit]

Background[edit]

Non-Bolshevik political parties[edit]

The Russian Civil War[edit]

A review of Red Army troops in Moscow in 1918, during the Russian Civil War.

Red Army[edit]

Hammer and plough cockade used by the Red Army from 1918 to 1922

White armies[edit]

The Revolution and Civil War in the Russian Empire (1914-1926)[edit]

Russian soldiers of the anti-Bolshevik Siberian Army in 1919
  • Hopkirk, P. (1999). Setting the East ablaze: Lenin's dream of an empire in Asia. New York, NY: Kodansha International.
  • Lohr, E., Tolz, V., Semyonov, A., & Hagen, M. (Eds.). (2014). The Empire and Nationalism at War. Bloomington IN: Slavica.
  • Radkey, O. H. (1976). The Unknown Civil War in Soviet Russia: A Study of the Green Movement in the Tambov Region, 1920-1921. Palo Alto, CA: Hoover Institution Press.
  • Rieber, A. J. (2014). The Struggle for the Eurasian Borderlands: From the Rise of Early Modern Empires to the End of the First World War. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.[265][266]
  • Rosenberg, W. G. (1961). A.I. Denikin and the Anti-Bolshevik movement in South Russia. Amherst, MA: Amherst College Press.
  • Singleton, S. (1966). The Tambov Revolt (1920-1921). Slavic Review, 25(3), pp. 497–512.
  • Snyder, T. (2003). The Reconstruction of Nations: Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1569–1999. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.[q]
  • White, J. (1968). The Kornilov Affair. A Study in Counter-Revolution. Soviet Studies, 20(2), pp. 187–205.

Ukraine[edit]

  • Adams, A. E. (1963). Bolsheviks in the Ukraine: The Second Campaign, 1918-1919. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Baker, M. (1999). Beyond the National: Peasants, Power, and Revolution in Ukraine. Journal of Ukrainian Studies, 24(1), pp. 39–67.
  • Borys, J. & Armstrong, J. A. (1980). The Sovietization of Ukraine, 1917-1923: The Communist Doctrine and Practice of National Self-Determination. Edmonton, AB: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies.
  • Bruski, J. J., & Bałuk-Ulewiczowa, T. (2016). Between Prometheism and Realpolitik: Poland and Soviet Ukraine, 1921-1926. Krakow, Poland: Jagiellonian University Press.
  • Guthier, S. (1979). The Popular Base of Ukrainian Nationalism in 1917. Slavic Review, 38(1), pp. 30–47.
  • Hunczak, T. (1977). The Ukraine 1917–1921: A Study in Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute.
  • Kenez, P. (1971, 1977). Civil war in South Russia (2 vols.). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
  • Kuchabsʹkyĭ, V. & Fagan, G. (2009). Western Ukraine in Conflict with Poland and Bolshevism, 1918-1923. Toronto, ON: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press.[267][268]
  • Procyk, A. (1995). Russian Nationalism and Ukraine: The Nationality Policy of the Volunteer Army during the Civil War. Edmonton, ON: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press.
  • Reshetar, J. S. (1952). The Ukrainian Revolution, 1917-1920, A Study in Nationalism. Princeton: NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Skirda, A. (2004). Nestor Makhno, Anarchy's Cossack: The Struggle for Free Soviets in the Ukraine 1917-1921. Edinburgh, UK: AK Press.
  • Stachiw, M. (1969). Western Ukraine at the Turning Point of Europe's History 1918-1923. (2 vols.). New York, NY: Shevchenko Scientific Society.
  • Velychenko, S. (2010). State Building in Revolutionary Ukraine: A Comparative Study of Government and Bureaucrats, 1917–22. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.
  • Veryha, W. (1984). Famine in Ukraine in 1921–1923 and the Soviet Government's Countermeasures. Nationalities Papers, 12(2), pp. 265–286.
  • Von, H. & Hunczak, T. (1977). The Ukraine, 1917-1921: A Study in Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Von, H. & Herbert J. (2011). War in a European Borderland: Occupations and Occupation Plans in Galicia and Ukraine; 1914-1918. Seattle, WA: University of Washington.

The Baltics, Finland and Siberia[edit]

Transcaucasia and the Middle East[edit]

Eastern Europe, Turkey and the Balkans[edit]

  • Biskupski, M. (1990). War and the Diplomacy of Polish Independence, 1914–18. The Polish Review, 35(1), pp. 5-17.
  • Bruski, J. J., & Bałuk-Ulewiczowa, T. (2016). Between Prometheism and Realpolitik: Poland and Soviet Ukraine, 1921-1926. Krakow, Poland: Jagiellonian University Press.
  • Dziewanowski, M. K. (1981). Joseph Piłsudski, a European Federalist, 1918-1922. Palo Alto, CA: Hoover Institution Press.[s]
  • Gasiorowski, Z. (1971). Joseph Piłsudski in the Light of American Reports, 1919-1922. The Slavonic and East European Review,49(116), pp. 425–436.
  • Gökay, B. (1996). Turkish Settlement and the Caucasus, 1918-20. Middle Eastern Studies, 32(2), pp. 45–76.
  • ———. (1997). Clash of Empires: Turkey between Russian Bolshevism and British Imperialism, 1918-1923. London, UK: I.B. Tauris.
  • Latawski, P. (2016). The Reconstruction of Poland, 1914-23. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Petroff, S. (2000). Remembering a Forgotten War: Civil War in Eastern European Russia and Siberia, 1918-1920. Boulder, CO: East European Monographs.
  • Yamauchi, M. (1991). The Green Crescent Under the Red Star: Enver Pasha in Soviet Russia 1919–1922. Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa.[276]
  • Wandycz, P. (1990). Poland on the Map of Europe in 1918. The Polish Review, 35(1), pp. 19-25.

The Polish—Soviet War[edit]

  • Borzecki, J. (2008). The Soviet-Polish Peace of 1921 and the Creation of Interwar Europe. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Dąbrowski, S. (1960). The Peace Treaty of Riga. The Polish Review, 5(1), pp. 3-34.
  • Davies, N. (1975). The Missing Revolutionary War: The Polish Campaigns and the Retreat from Revolution in Soviet Russia, 1919–1921. Soviet Studies, 27(2), pp. 178-195.
  • ———. (2003). White Eagle, Red Star: The Polish-Soviet War 1919-1920 and The Miracle on the Vistula. New York, NY: Pimlico.
  • Dziewanowski, M. K. (1981). Joseph Piłsudski, A European Federalist, 1918–1922. Palo Alto, CA: Hoover Institution Press.
  • Fiddick, T. C. (1990). Russia's Retreat from Poland, 1920: From Permanent Revolution to Peaceful Coexistence. New York, NY: St Martin's Press.
  • Latawski, P. (Ed.). (1992). The Reconstruction of Poland, 1914–1923. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Neiberg, M. S. & Jordan, D. (2012). The Eastern Front 1914-1920: From Tannenberg to the Russo-Polish War. London, UK: Amber Books.
  • Wandycz, P. (1965). Secret Soviet-Polish Peace Talks in 1919. Slavic Review, 24(3), pp. 425–449.
  • ——— (1969). Soviet-Polish Relations, 1917–1921. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Zamoyski, A. (2008). Warsaw 1920: Lenin’s Failed Conquest of Europe. New York, NY: HarperPress.

Central Asia[edit]

International involvement in the Revolution and Civil War[edit]

The United States[edit]

American troops in Vladivostok during the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War (August 1918)
  • Bacino, L. J. (1999). Reconstructing Russia: U.S. Policy in Revolutionary Russia, 1917–1922 Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.[313][314]
  • Dukes, P. (2012). The USA in the Making of the USSR: The Washington Conference, 1921-1922, and 'uninvited Russia'. London, UK: Routledge.[315]
  • Fisher, H. H. (1927). The Famine in Soviet Russia, 1919–1923: The Operations of the American Relief Administration. New York, NY: Macmillan.
  • Foglesong, D. S. (1995). America's Secret War against Bolshevism: U.S. Intervention in the Russian Civil War, 1917-1920. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press.[316][317]
  • ———. (1995). The United States, Self-determination and the Struggle Against Bolshevism in the Eastern Baltic Region, 1918–1920. Journal of Baltic Studies, 26(2), pp. 107–144.
  • Herman, A. L. (2017). 1917: Lenin, Wilson, and the Birth of the New World Disorder. New York, NY: HarperCollins.
  • House, J. M. (2016). Wolfhounds and Polar Bears: The American Expeditionary Force in Siberia, 1918–1920. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press.[318]
  • Karolevitz, R. F. & Fenn, R. S. (1974). Flight of Eagles: The Story of the American Kościuszko Squadron in the Polish-Russian War 1919-1920. Sioux Falls, SD: Brevet Press.[319]
  • Kennan, G. F. (1956). Soviet-American Relations, 1917 - 1920 (2 Vols. Vol. 1:Russia Leaves the War Vol. 2: The Decision to Intervene). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Moore, J. R., Meade, Harry H., & Jahns, Lewis E. (2008). History of the American Expedition Fighting the Bolsheviks: Us Military Intervention in Soviet Russia 1918-1919. St Petersburg, FL: Red and Black Publishers.
  • Nelson, J. C. (2019). The Polar Bear Expedition: The Heroes of America's Forgotten Invasion of Russia, 1918-1919. New York, NY: William Morrow.
  • Patenaude, B. M. (2002). The Big Show in Bololand: The American Relief Expedition to Soviet Russia in the Famine of 1921. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.[320][321]
  • Richard, C. (1986). "The Shadow of a Plan": The Rationale Behind Wilson's 1918 Siberian Intervention. The Historian, 49(1), pp. 64-84.
  • Richard, C. J. (2012). When the United States Invaded Russia: Woodrow Wilson's Siberian Disaster. Landham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.[322]
  • Saul, N. E. (2001). War and Revolution: The United States and Russia, 1914-1921. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas.[323]
  • ———. (2006). Friends or Foes?: The United States and Soviet Russia, 1921-1941. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas.[324][325]
  • Shimkin, Michael. & Shimkin, Mary. (1985). From Golden Horn to Golden Gate: The Flight of the Siberian Russian Flotilla. Californian History, 64(4), pp. 290–294.
  • Smith, D. (2019). The Russian Job: The Forgotten Story of How America Saved the Soviet Union from Ruin. New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
  • Untergerger, B. (1987). Woodrow Wilson and the Bolsheviks: The "Acid Test" of Soviet-American Relations. Diplomatic History, 11(2), pp. 71-90.
  • Weissman, B. (1970). The Aftereffects of the American Relief Mission to Soviet Russia. The Russian Review, 29(4), pp. 411-421.

The Russo-Japanese War[edit]

Russia and World War I[edit]

Russian troops going to the front.
  • Bushnell, J. (2017). Russian Peasants and Soldiers during World War I: Home and Front Interacting. Russian Studies in History, 56(2), pp. 65–72.
  • Buzinkai, D. (1967). The Bolsheviks, the League of Nations and the Paris Peace Conference, 1919. Soviet Studies, 19(2), pp. 257–263.
  • Buttar, P. (2014). Collision of Empires: The War on the Eastern Front in 1914. Oxford: Osprey Publishing.
  • ——— (2017). Germany Ascendant: The Eastern Front 1915. Oxford: Osprey Publishing.
  • ——— (2017). Russia's Last Gasp: The Eastern Front 1916–17. Oxford: Osprey Publishing.
  • ——— (2019). The Splintered Empires: The Eastern Front 1917–21. Oxford: Osprey Publishing.
  • Clark, C. M. (2013). The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914. New York, NY: Harper.[336]
  • David-Fox, M., Holquist, P., & Martin, A. M. (2012). Fascination and Enmity: Russia and Germany as entangled histories, 1914-1945. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.[337][338][339]
  • Dowling, T. C. (2009). The Brusilov Offensive. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.[w][340]
  • Gatrell, P. (1999). A Whole Empire Walking: Refugees in Russia during World War I. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.[341][342]
  • ———. (2005). Russia’s First World War: A Social and Economic History. Harlow, UK: Pearson-Longman.[343][344]
  • Goldstein, E. (2013). The First World War Peace Settlements, 1919-1925. London: Routledge.
  • Heenan, L. E. (1987). Russian Democracy's Fatal Blunder: The Summer Offensive of 1917. New York, NY: Praeger.[345][346]
  • Kenez, P. (1972). Changes in the Social Composition of the Officer Corps during World War I. The Russian Review, 31(4), pp. 369–375.
  • Krammer, A. (1983). Soviet Propaganda among German and Austro-Hungarian Prisoners of War in Russia, 1917–1921. In Richardson, S. R. & Pastor, P (Eds.). Essays on World War I: Origins and Prisoners of War. (pp. 249–64). New York, NY: Brooklyn College Press, 1983.
  • Leonhard, J. & Camiller, P. (2018). Pandora's Box: A History of the First World War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Lieven, D. (1983). Russia and the Origins of the First World War. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.[347][348]
  • ———. (2016). The End of Tsarist Russia: The March to World War I and Revolution. New York: Penguin Books.[x][349]
  • Lohr, E. (2003). Nationalizing the Russian Empire: The Campaign Against Enemy Aliens During World War I. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.[350][351]
  • Marshall, A. (2004). Russian Military Intelligence, 1905–1917: The Untold Story behind Tsarist Russia in the First World War. War in History, 11(4), pp. 393–423.
  • McMeekin, S. (2013). The Russian Origins of the First World War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.[352]
  • Neiberg, M. S. & Jordan, D. (2012). The Eastern Front 1914-1920: From Tannenberg to the Russo-Polish War. London, UK: Amber Books.
  • Nation, R. C. (2009). War on War: Lenin, the Zimmerwald Left, and the Origins of Communist Internationalism. Chicago, IL: Haymarket Books.[353][354]
  • Reynolds, M. A. (2011). Shattering Empires: The Clash and Collapse of the Ottoman and Russian Empires 1908–1918. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.[355][356]
  • Sanborn, J. A. (2005). Unsettling the Empire: Violent Migrations and Social Disaster in Russia during World War I. The Journal of Modern History, 77(2), pp. 290–324.
  • ———. (2003). Drafting the Russian Nation: Military Conscription, Total War, and Mass Politics, 1905–1925. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press.[357][358]
  • Steinberg, J. W. (2010). All the Tsar's Men: Russia's General Staff and the Fate of Empire, 1898-1914. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.[359]
  • ———. (2014). Imperial Apocalypse: The Great War and the Destruction of the Russian Empire. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.[360][361]
  • Stevenson, D. (2005). Cataclysm: The First World War as Political Tragedy. New York: Basic Books.[362]
  • Stoff, L. S. (2006). They Fought for the Motherland: Russia's Women Soldiers in World War I and the Revolution. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas.[363][364]
  • Stone, D. R. (2015). The Russian Army in the Great War: The Eastern Front, 1914-1917. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas.[365]
  • Stone, N. (1998). The Eastern Front, 1914–1917. New York, NY: Penguin Books.[366][367]
  • Wildman, A. K. (1980, 1987). The End of the Russian Imperial Army (2 vols.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.[368]

Biographies[edit]

Tsar Nicholas II[edit]

Nicholas II of Russia.
  • Frankland, N. (1961). Imperial Tragedy: Nicholas II, Last of the Tsars. New York: Coward-McCann.[369]
  • Ferro, M. (1995). Nicholas II: Last of the Tsars. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.[370]
  • Lieven, D. (1993). Nicholas II: Emperor of all the Russias. London, UK: John Murray Publishing.[371][372]
  • Massie, R. K. (2012). Nicholas and Alexandra: The Classic Account of the Fall of the Romanov Dynasty. New York, NY: Modern Library.
  • Maylunas, A., & Mironenko, S. (2000). Lifelong Passion: Nicholas and Alexandra: Their Own Story. New York, NY: Doubleday.
  • Montefiore, S. (2016). The Romanovs: 1613-1918. New York, NY: Knopf.[373]
  • Perry, J. C. & Pleshakov, C. V. (1999). The Flight Of The Romanovs: A Family Saga. New York, NY: Basic Books.[374]
  • Radzinsky, E. (1992). The Last Tsar: The Life And Death Of Nicholas II. New York, NY: Doubleday.[375]
  • Rappaport, H. (2009). The Last Days of the Romanovs: Tragedy at Ekaterinburg. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press.
  • Service, R. W. (2017). The Last of the Tsars: Nicholas II and the Russian Revolution. New York, NY: Pegasus Books.

Vladimir Lenin[edit]

Lenin speaking in 1919.
  • Merridale, C. (2017). Lenin on the Train. New York, NY: Penguin Books.
  • Payne, R. (1964). The Life and Death of Lenin. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.
  • Pipes, R. (1996). The Unknown Lenin: From the Secret Archive. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Rappaport, H. (2010). Conspirator: Lenin in Exile. New York, NY: Basic Books.
  • Read, C. (2005). Lenin: A Revolutionary Life. London, UK: Routledge.
  • Sebestyen, V. (2017). Lenin: The Man, the Dictator, and the Master of Terror. New York, NY: Pantheon Books.
  • Service, R. W. (2000). Lenin: A Biography. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.
  • Shukman, H. (1966). Lenin and the Russian Revolution. London, UK: B.T. Batsford.
  • Theen, R. (2004). Lenin: Genesis and Development of a Revolutionary. Princeton: Princeton University Press.[248]
  • Volkogonov, D. (1994). Lenin: Life and Legacy. London, UK: HarperCollins.

Leon Trotsky[edit]

Leon Trotsky.

Joseph Stalin[edit]

Other Biographies[edit]

  • Abraham, R. (1987). Alexander Kerensky: The First Love of the Revolution. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
  • Cohen, S. F. (1980). Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution: A Political Biography, 1888-1938. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Fuhrmann, J. T. (2012). Rasputin: The Untold Story. Hoboken, NY: Wiley Press.
  • Haupt G. & Marie, J. (1974). Makers of the Russian Revolution. Biographies of Bolshevik Leaders. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
  • Getzler, I. (1967). Martov: Poliitcal Biography: A Political Biography of a Russian Social Democrat. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Kröner, A. W. (2010). The White Knight of the Black Sea: The Life of General Peter Wrangel. The Hague: Leuxenhoff.[z]
  • Smith, D. (2016). Rasputin: Faith, Power, and the Twilight of the Romanovs. New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Historiography[edit]

Reference Works[edit]

  • The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Russia and the former Soviet Union. (1994). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Jackson, G. D., & Devlin, R. J. (1989). Dictionary of the Russian Revolution. New York, NY: Greenwood.
  • Kasack, W. & Atack, R. (1988). Dictionary of Russian literature since 1917. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
  • Minahan, J. (2012). The Former Soviet Union's Diverse Peoples: A Reference Sourcebook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.
  • Pushkarev, S. G., Fisher, R. T., & Vernadsky, G. (1970). Dictionary of Russian Historical Terms from the Eleventh Century to 1917. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Shukman, H. (1988). The Blackwell Encyclopedia of the Russian Revolution. Cambridge, UK: Blackwell Publishers.
  • Smele, J. D. (2015). Historical Dictionary of the Russian Civil Wars, 1916-1926 (2 vols.). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
  • Smith, S. A. (2014). The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.[382][383]
  • Vronskaya, J. & Čuguev, V. (1992). The Biographical Dictionary of the Former Soviet Union: Prominent people in all fields from 1917 to the present. London, UK: Bowker-Saur.

Other studies[edit]

English language translations of primary sources[edit]

Vladimir Lenin[edit]

Collected Works

  • Essential Works of Lenin. New York: Bantam Books. (1966).
  • Collected Works (45 vols.). (1977). Moscow: Progress Publishers.

Major individual works related to the Revolution and Civil War

Archives

Leon Trotsky[edit]

Collected works

Major Individual Works related to the Revolution and Civil War

Archives

Other works[edit]

Collected works

  • Akhapkin, Y. (Ed.). (1970). First Decrees of Soviet Power. London: Lawrence and Wishart.
  • Brovkin, V. N. (Ed.). (1991). Dear Comrades: Menshevik Reports on the Bolshevik Revolution and the Civil War. Palo Alto: Hoover Institution Press.
  • Browder, R. P. & Kerensky, A. F. (Eds.). (1961). The Russian Provisional Government 1917: Documents. (3 vols.). Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.
  • Bunyan, J. & Fisher, H. H. (Eds.). (1934) Bolshevik Revolution 1917-1918 - Documents and Materials. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.
  • ———. (1976). Intervention, Civil War, and Communism in Russia, April-December, 1918: Documents and Materials. New York, NY: Octagon Books.
  • ———. (2019). Origin of Forced Labor in the Soviet State, 1917 -1921: Documents and Materials. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Butt, V. P., Swain, G., Murphy, A. B., & Myshov, N. A. (Eds.). (1996). The Russian Civil War: Documents from the Soviet Archives. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
  • Daly, J. W., Trofimov, L. (2009). Russia in War and Revolution, 1914-1922: A Documentary History. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company.
  • Daniels, R. V. (Ed.). (2001). A Documentary History of Communism in Russia: From Lenin to Gorbachev (3rd Edition). Hanover, NH: University Press of New England.
  • Degras, J. (1978). Soviet Documents on Foreign Policy: 1933–1941. (3 vols.). New York, NY: Octagon Books.
  • Elwood, R. C., Gregor, R., Hodnett, G., Schwartz, D. V., & McNeal, R. H. (1974). Resolutions and Decisions of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union: The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party: 1898-October 1917. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.
  • Gregor, R. (1974). Resolutions and Decisions of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union: Vol. 2, The Early Soviet Period, 1917-1929. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.
  • McCauley, M. (1996). The Russian revolution and the Soviet state 1917-1921: Documents. New York, NY: Macmillan.
  • Storella, C. J., Sokolov, A. K. (2013). The Voice of the People: Letters from the Soviet Village, 1918–1932. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Szczesniak, B. (1959). The Russian Revolution and Religion: A Collection of Documents Concerning the Suppression of Religion by the Communists, 1917–1925. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
  • Varneck, E. & Fisher, H. H. (1935). The Testimony of Kolchak and Other Siberian Materials. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.

Individual works related to the Revolution and Civil War

Part 1: 14(2), pp. 93-108.
Part 2: 14(3), pp. 184-200.
Part 3: 14(4), pp. 301-321.
Part 4: 15(1), pp. 37-48.
  • Wrangel, P. N. (1957). Always With Honour: Memoirs of General Wrangel. New York, NY: Robert Speller & Sons. Text.[ar]

Archives

Further reading[edit]

Bibliographies[edit]

Bibliographies contain English and non-English language entries unless noted otherwise.

Bibliographies of the Revolution and Civil War

  • Engelstein, L. (2017). Bibliographic Essay In Russia in Flames: War, Revolution, Civil War, 1914-1921. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Figes, O. (2014). A Short Guide To Further Reading In Revolutionary Russia, 1891-1991: A History. New York, NY: Metropolitan Books.[at]
  • Frame, M. (1995). The Russian Revolution, 1905–1921: A Bibliographic Guide to Works in English. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.[at]
  • Grierson, P. (1969). Grierson, Philip. Books on Soviet Russia, 1917-1942: a bibliography and a guide to reading. Twickenham, UK: Anthony C. Hall.
  • Fitzpatrick, S. (2017). Selected Bibliography in The Russian Revolution. (4th ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Greenbaum, A. (2007). Bibliographic Essay In Klier, J. & Lambroza, S., Pogroms: Anti-Jewish Violence in Modern Russian History. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • McMeekin, S. (2017). Published and Online Works Cited or Profitably Consulted, Including Memoirs In The Russian Revolution: A New History. New York, NY: Basic Books.
  • Miéville, C. (2017). Further Reading In October: The Story of the Russian Revolution. New York, NY: Verso.[at]
  • Pearson, R. (1989). Russia and Eastern Europe. 1789-1985. A Bibliographic Guide. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press.
  • Pipes, R. (1990). One Hundred Works On The Russian Revolution In The Russian Revolution. New York, NY: Knopf.[at]
  • ———. (2011). Select Bibliography In Russia Under the Bolshevik Regime: 1919–1924. New York, NY: Knopf.
  • Sebestyen, V. (2017). Select Bibliography In Lenin: The Man, the Dictator, and the Master of Terror. New York, NY: Pantheon Books.[at]
  • Smele, J. (2003). The Russian Revolution and Civil War: 1917-1921: An Annotated Bibliography. London, UK: Bloomsbury Continuum.[416]
  • ———. (2016). Bibliography In The “Russian” Civil Wars, 1916-1926: Ten Years That Shook the World. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Smith, S. A. (2017). Notes In Russia in Revolution: An Empire in Crisis, 1890 to 1928. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Zygar, M. (2017). References In The Empire Must Die: Russia's Revolutionary Collapse, 1900–1917. New York, NY: PublicAffairs.

Bibliographies of Russian history including significant material on the Revolution and Civil War

  • Edelheit, A. J., & Edelheit, H. (1992). The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union: A selected bibliography of sources in English. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing.[417]
  • Grierson, P. (1969). Books on Soviet Russia: 1917 - 1942; a bibliography and a guide to reading. Twickenham, UK: Anthony C. Hall.
  • Horecky, P. L. (1971). Russia and the Soviet Union: A Bibliographic Guide to Western-language Publications. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Kenez, P. (2016). Soviet History: A Bibliography. In A History of the Soviet Union from the Beginning to its Legacy (3rd Edition). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.[au]
  • Schaffner, B. L. (1995). Bibliography of the Soviet Union, its predecessors and successors. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press.
  • Spapiro, D. (1962). A select bibliography of works in English on Russian history,1801-1917. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.[at]
  • Simmons, E. J. (1962). Russia: Selective and Annotated Bibliography. The Slavic and East European Journal, 6(2), pp. 148–158.

Bibliographies of primary source documents

  • Arans, D. (1988). How We Lost the Civil War: Bibliography of Russian emigre memoirs on the Russian Revolution, 1917-1921. Newtonville, MA: Oriental Research Partners.

Journals[edit]

The list below contains journals frequently referenced in this bibliography.

Journals related to Russian (Soviet) history

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Contains a 60 page scholarly select bibliography of works relating to the history of the Soviet Union.
  2. ^ A very short (107pp.) survey of the Russian Revolution. Covers very little about the Civil War or the period from 1921-1927. Contains an excellent 14 pp. select bibliography of Engish language works.
  3. ^ Contains an extensive 46 pp. bibliography of English and non-English works on the “Russian” Civil Wars.
  4. ^ Covers tje period from the October Revolution through the Stalinist 1930s.
  5. ^ See Prodrazvyorstka.
  6. ^ See also The Bolsheviks in Power: The First Year of Soviet Rule in Petrograd in Early Soviet State Formation section.
  7. ^ See Battle of Tsaritsyn.
  8. ^ See Yakov Sverdlov.
  9. ^ While primarily a biography of Stalin, contains significant information about the early Soviet state formation.
  10. ^ See Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
  11. ^ a b c d see Karl Kautsky.
  12. ^ The notes at the end of each essay (chapter) includes substantial bibliographic entries.
  13. ^ a b See Georgi Plekhanov.
  14. ^ See Battle of Tsaritsyn.
  15. ^ For more about the Antonov Movement, see Tambov Rebellion
  16. ^ See Terek Soviet Republic.
  17. ^ For Lithuania and Belarus, see Chapters 2-3; for Ukraine, see Chapters 6-7; content on Poland focuses on World War II).
  18. ^ See Chapters 3 ("Tiny Revolutions in Russia") and 6 ("The History of Siberia").
  19. ^ See Józef Piłsudski.
  20. ^ See Congress of the Peoples of the East and Minutes of the Congress of the Peoples of the East. Baku, September 1920.
  21. ^ a b See Jadid.
  22. ^ See Basmachi movement.
  23. ^ See Brusilov Offensive.
  24. ^ Originally published outside the United States under the title Towards the Flame: Empire, War and the End of Tsarist Russia.
  25. ^ Originally published in three volumes by Oxford University Press (1954, 1959, 1963).
  26. ^ See Pyotr Wrangel.
  27. ^ See Alexander Guchkov.
  28. ^ See Nikolai Sukhanov.
  29. ^ Contains text of telegrams in Russian with English translation.
  30. ^ see Russian Social Democratic Labour Party
  31. ^ see Second All-Russian Congress of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies' Soviets
  32. ^ Declaration of the seizure of power during the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies.
  33. ^ see 7th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)
  34. ^ see All-Russian Congress of Soviets
  35. ^ see 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)
  36. ^ see 10th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)
  37. ^ see 11th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)
  38. ^ Original work translated into English by Max Eastman and published by Simon and Schuster in 1932.
  39. ^ Original work published in English in 1925 by the Marxist Educational Society of Detroit
  40. ^ Original work published in English by Boni & Liveright in 1919; second edition published in 1922 contains an introduction by Vladimir Lenin.
  41. ^ English Translation by Joel Carmichael for Princeton University Press, 1984.
  42. ^ see Nikolai Sukhanov
  43. ^ An excerpt from Tseretelli's unpublished memoir.
  44. ^ Originally published: Berlin, 1928 in Russian and German.
  45. ^ See Grigory Zinoviev
  46. ^ a b c d e f Contains works in English only.
  47. ^ Contains only English language works. 3rd Edition has an updated (2016) bibliography with specific sections on the Revolution and Civil War era.

References[edit]

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  27. ^ Suny, R. G. (1983). "Reviewed Work: The Russian Revolution by Sheila Fitzpatrick". The Russian Review. 42 (4): 417–418. doi:10.2307/129491. JSTOR 129491.
  28. ^ Shmelev, A. (1999). "Review: The Revolution Turns Eighty: New Literature on the Russian Revolution and Its Aftermath". Contemporary European History. 8 (1): 127–139. doi:10.1017/S0960777399000168. JSTOR 20081693.
  29. ^ Thatcher, I. D. (1998). "Reviewed Works: Critical Companion to the Russian Revolution 1914-1921 by Edward Acton, Vladimir Iu. Cherniaev, William G. Rosenberg; The Russian Revolution 1917-1921 by Ronald Kowalski". The Slavonic and East European Review. 76 (4): 746–749. JSTOR 4212759.
  30. ^ Page, S. W. (1969). "Reviewed Works: Lenin's Last Struggle by Moshe Lewin, A. M. Sheridan Smith; Encounters with Lenin by Nikolay (N. V. Volsky), Paul Rosta, Brian Pearce". The American Historical Review. 74 (5): 1668–1669. doi:10.2307/1841410. JSTOR 1841410.
  31. ^ Sanborn, J. (2016). "Reviewed Work: Towards the Flame: Empire, War, and the End of Tsarist Russia by Lieven, Dominic". The Slavonic and East European Review. 94 (4): 752–754. doi:10.5699/slaveasteurorev2.94.4.0752. JSTOR 10.5699/slaveasteurorev2.94.4.0752.
  32. ^ Legvold, R. (2015). "Reviewed Work: The End of Tsarist Russia: The March to World War I and Revolution". Foreign Affairs. 94 (5): 193. JSTOR 24483773.
  33. ^ Häfner, L. (1987). "Reviewed Work: Passage through Armageddon. The Russians in War and Revolution 1914–1918 by Bruce W. Lincoln". PVS-Literatur. 28 (1): 74–75. JSTOR 24208542.
  34. ^ Katkov, George (1972). "Prelude to Revolution: The Petrograd Bolsheviks and the July 1917 Uprising. By Alexander Rabinowitch. Indiana University International Studies. Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1968". Slavic Review. 31 (4): 896–897. doi:10.2307/2493788. JSTOR 2493788.
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  37. ^ Oppenheim, Samuel A. (1978). "The Bolsheviks Come to Power: The Revolution of 1917 in Petrograd. By Alexander Rabinowitch. New York: W. W. Norton, 1976". Slavic Review. 37 (4): 669–670. doi:10.2307/2496133. JSTOR 2496133.
  38. ^ Hosking, G. (1997). "Reviewed Works: A People's Tragedy: The Russian Revolution 1891-1924 by Orlando Figes; From Tsar to Soviets: The Russian People and Their Revolution, 1917-21 by Christopher Read". The Slavonic and East European Review. 75 (3): 553–559. JSTOR 4212457.
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  44. ^ Wade, Rex A. (2016). "Reviewed Work: The 'Russian' Civil Wars, 1916–1926: Ten Years That Shook the World by Smele, Jonathan D.". The Slavonic and East European Review. 94 (4): 760–762. doi:10.5699/slaveasteurorev2.94.4.0760. JSTOR 10.5699/slaveasteurorev2.94.4.0760.
  45. ^ Kroner, Anthony (2017). "Book Review: The 'Russian' Civil Wars 1916–1926: Ten Years That Shook the World". Revolutionary Russia. 30 (1): 142–145. doi:10.1080/09546545.2017.1305540.
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  47. ^ Randall, Francis B. (1967). "Reviewed work: The Bolsheviks: The Intellectual and Political History of the Triumph of Communism in Russia, Adam B. Ulam". The Journal of Modern History. 39 (2): 204–205. doi:10.1086/240068. JSTOR 1877505.
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  58. ^ Raleigh, Donald J. (1998). "The Bolsheviks in Russian Society: The Revolution and the Civil Wars. Ed. Vladimir N. Brovkin. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997". Slavic Review. 57: 202–203. doi:10.2307/2502081. JSTOR 2502081.
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  61. ^ Graham, Loren R.; Fitzpatrick, Sheila (1973). "The Commissariat of Enlightenment: Soviet Organization of Education and the Arts under Lunacharsky, October 1917-1921". Political Science Quarterly. 88: 137. doi:10.2307/2148675. JSTOR 2148675.
  62. ^ Tomiak, J. J. (1972). "Reviewed work: The Commissariat of Enlightenment: Soviet Organization of Education and the Arts under Lunacharsky, October 1917-1921, Sheila Fitzpatrick". The Slavonic and East European Review. 50 (120): 472–473. JSTOR 4206593.
  63. ^ Kelly, Catriona (1994). "Reviewed work: The Cultural Front: Power and Culture in Revolutionary Russia, Sheila Fitzpatrick". The Slavonic and East European Review. 72 (2): 355–357. JSTOR 4211523.
  64. ^ Rowney, Don K. (1995). "Reviewed work: The Cultural Front: Power and Culture in Revolutionary Russia, Sheila Fitzpatrick". The Journal of Interdisciplinary History. 25 (4): 713–715. doi:10.2307/205823. JSTOR 205823.
  65. ^ Kotkin, Stephen (1995). "Reviewed work: The Cultural Front: Power and Culture in Revolutionary Russia., Sheila Fitzpatrick". Slavic Review. 54 (2): 475–476. doi:10.2307/2501665. JSTOR 2501665.
  66. ^ a b Munting, R. (1993). "Reviewed Work: Russia in the Era of NEP: Explorations in Soviet Society and Culture. by Sheila Fitzpatrick, Alexander Rabinowitch, Richard Stites". The Economic History Review. 46 (2): 420. doi:10.2307/2598039. JSTOR 2598039.
  67. ^ a b Mally, L. (1993). "Reviewed Work: Russia in the Era of NEP: Explorations in Soviet Society and Culture by Sheila Fitzpatrick, Alexander Rabinowitch, Richard Stites". The Journal of Interdisciplinary History. 24 (1): 150–151. doi:10.2307/205121. JSTOR 205121.
  68. ^ a b Orlovsky, D. (1993). "Reviewed Work: Russia in the Era of NEP: Explorations in Soviet Society and Culture. by Sheila Fitzpatrick, Alexander Rabinowitch, Richard Stites". Slavic Review. 52 (3): 598–599. doi:10.2307/2499733. JSTOR 2499733.
  69. ^ a b Brower, D. (1991). "Reviewed Work: Russia in the Era of NEP: Explorations in Soviet Society and Culture by Sheila Fitzpatrick, Alexander Rabinowitch, Richard Stites". Russian History. 18 (2): 241–243. JSTOR 24657248.
  70. ^ Hickey, M. C. (2016). "Russian Culture in War and Revolution, 1914–1922". Revolutionary Russia. 29 (1): 92–100. doi:10.1080/09546545.2016.1169000.
  71. ^ Suny, Ronald Grigor (1988). "Reviewed work: Bolshevik Culture: Experiment and Order in the Russian Revolution, Abbot Gleason, Peter Kenez, Richard Stites". International Labor and Working-Class History (34): 134–136. doi:10.1017/S0147547900005238. JSTOR 27671790.
  72. ^ Kolchevska, Natasha; Gleason, Abbott; Kenez, Peter; Stites, Richard (1987). "Bolshevik Culture: Experiment and Order in the Russian Revolution". The Slavic and East European Journal. 31: 102. doi:10.2307/307020. JSTOR 307020.
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  300. ^ "Reviewed work: Russia and the West under Lenin and Stalin, George F. Kennan". Naval War College Review. 14 (3): 40–41. 1961. JSTOR 45236496.
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  307. ^ Smith, C. Jay (1972). "The Russian Revolution in Switzerland,1914-1917. By Alfred Erich Senn. Madison, Milwaukee, London: University of Wisconsin Press, 1971". Slavic Review. 31: 164–165. doi:10.2307/2494165. JSTOR 2494165.
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  309. ^ Graubard, Stephen R.; Ullman, Richard H. (1968). "Anglo-Soviet Relations, 1917-1921". The American Historical Review. 74 (2): 585. doi:10.2307/1853730. JSTOR 1853730.
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  311. ^ Winter, J. M. (1982). "Reviewed work: Britain and the Bolshevik Revolution, Stephen White". The English Historical Review. 97 (383): 472–473. JSTOR 568226.
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  317. ^ O'Connor, Timothy E. (1999). "Reviewed work: America's Secret War against Bolshevism: U.S. Intervention in the Russian Civil War, 1917-1920, David S. Foglesong". The Russian Review. 58 (1): 156–157. JSTOR 2679733.
  318. ^ Wurzer, Georg (2018). "Reviewed work: Wolfhounds and Polar Bears. The American Expeditionary Force in Siberia, 1918-1920, John M. House". Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas. 66 (2): 337–339. JSTOR 44968777.
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  323. ^ Elwood, Carter (2002). "Reviewed work: War and Revolution: The United States and Russia, 1914-1921, Norman E. Saul". Europe-Asia Studies. 54 (8): 1353–1355. JSTOR 826393.
  324. ^ Engerman, D. C. (2006). "Friends or Foes? The United States and Soviet Russia, 1921-1941". Journal of American History. 93 (3): 918. doi:10.2307/4486521. JSTOR 4486521.
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  332. ^ Westwood, J. N. (1975). "The Short Victorious War: The Russo-Japanese Conflict, 1904-5. By David Walder. London: Hutchinson, 1973. New York: Harper & Row, 1974. 321 pp. $10.00". Slavic Review. 34: 148–149. doi:10.2307/2495889. JSTOR 2495889.
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  358. ^ Beyrau, Dietrich (2004). "Drafting the Russian Nation: Military Conscription, Total War, and Mass Politics, 1905–1925. By Joshua A.  Sanborn. De Kalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2003". The Journal of Modern History. 76 (2): 494–496. doi:10.1086/422972.
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  362. ^ Cory, Herbert Ellsworth (1926). "The Significance of Artistic Form". The Journal of Philosophy. 23 (12): 324–328. doi:10.2307/2014113. JSTOR 2014113.
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External links[edit]

This section is for links to Bibliographies about the Russian Revolution and Civil War and Russian History from English language universities.

Bibliography of the Russian Revolution and Civil War

Bibliography of Russian History