The Bida Emirate is a traditional state in Nigeria, a successor to the old Nupe Kingdom, with its headquarters in Bida, Niger State. The head of the state is the Etsu Nupe, considered the leader of the Nupe people.
The old Nupe Kingdom was established in the middle of the 15th century in a basin between the Niger and Kaduna rivers in what is now central Nigeria. Early history is mostly based on verbally-transmitted legends. King Jibiri, who reigned around 1770, was the first Nupe king to become Muslim. Etsu Ma’azu brought the kingdom to its period of greatest power, dying in 1818. During that period the Fulani were gaining power across Northern Nigeria. After Ma’azu's death and during the subsequent wars of succession the Nupe Kingdom came under the control of the Gwandu Emirate. Masaba, son of the Fulani leader Mallam Dendo and a Nupe mother, gained power in 1841.
Faced with revolt by one of his generals, Masaba allied with the former Etsu Nupe, Usman Zaki, to recover control. Usman Zaki was enthroned as Etsu Nupe at Bida, and after his death around 1859 Masaba again became ruler until 1873. During his second period of rule, Masaba established the Bida Emirate as an important military power, steadily expanding its territory at the expense of its neighbors to the south and east. His successors retained control until 1897, when British Niger Company troops finally took Bida and established a puppet ruler. The Bida emirate became subject first to the British colonial regime, then to the independent state of Nigeria, with its rulers playing an increasingly ceremonial role.
Rulers of the Bida Emirate, who use the title "Etsu Nupe":
|1856||1859||Usuman Zaki dan Malam Dendo (b. c.1790 – d. 1859)|
|1859||1873||Masaba dan Malam Dendo (2nd time) (d. 1873)|
|1873||1884||Umaru Majigi dan Muhamman Majigi (d. 1884)|
|1884||1895||Maliki dan Usuman Zaki (d. 1895)|
|1895||1897||Abu Bakr dan Masaba (1st time) (d. 1919)|
|1897||1899||Muhammadu dan Umaru Majigi (1st time) ( d. 1916)|
|1899||17 February 1901||Abu Bakr dan Masaba (2nd time)|
|February 1901||26 February 1916||Muhammadu dan Umaru Majigi (2nd time)|
|6 March 1916||1926||Bello dan Maliki (d. 1926)|
|1926||February 1935||Malam Sa'idu dan Mamudu (d. 1935)|
|28 February 1935||29 October 1962||Malam Muhammadu Ndayako dan Muhammadu (b. 1884 – d. 1962)|
|29 October 1962||1969||Usman Sarki dan Malam Sa'idu (d. 1984)|
|1969||10 January 1975||Malam Musa Bello|
|January 1975||1 September 2003||Umaru Sanda Ndayako (b. 1937 – d. 2003)|
|1 September 2003||Yahaya Abubakar (b. 1952)|
- "History of Nupe Kingdom (The Fulani Conquest)". National Youth Service Corps. Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
- "Origin of Bida Emirate". National Youth Service Corps. Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
- "Traditional States of Nigeria". WorldStatesmen.org. Archived from the original on 26 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
- Agha Ibiam (4 March 2009). "As New Makaman Nupe Steps in". ThisDay. Retrieved 2010-09-04.